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In these two books, Locke and Hobbes’ views on the social contract can be studied. Although Locke and Hobbes differ in their arguments and perceptions of social contract, they both agree that, in the state of nature, people will be more willing to choose state protection over their liberty. This is the core of social contract theory (Morris, 1999).
In the social contract theory, both Hobbes and Locke argue that the state of nature is more likely to experience chaos. However, Locke views the state of nature and natural law from a more positive perspective as compared to Hobbes. Hobbes on the other side argues that highly egoistic people, whose probability of initiating war is very high, inhabit the state of nature. The function of Hobbes and Locke’s social contract theory was to serve as a way of citizens’ rights protection. However, these two differed on the manner in which this could be conducted. While Hobbes thought that a central authority could be responsible for the protection of citizens’ rights, Locke thought that division of power was necessary so that all citizens, including those in authority are held accountable to the law in society (Mack, 2009).
Hobbes and Locke similarly address the roots of civilization using their concept of the state of nature. This is a term in political philosophy, which refers to the society without the emergence of the government system. Hobbes describes the state of nature as devoid of rule of war and inhabitants live in fear of death, and in brutality. He links brutality in the state of nature to the lack of rights, including property rights. Therefore, in this state, enmity between people crops from the competition for resources, as there are no rules that determine the legitimacy of property ownership by people. However, Locke’s view on the state of nature sharply contrasts Hobbes’ view. Locke thought that a central authority is not responsible for
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Comparison and Contrast between John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. This paper is primarily based on the comparison and contrast between myriad philosophical theories presented by the renowned philosophers John Locke and Thomas Hobbes. Different philosophers have presented different theories and ideas to make the blurred image of various concepts like natural rights, property, democracy, society, security, laws, etc., understandable.
Different theorists have proposed different assumptions regarding the question and the level of authority which the state is subject to impose or practice over the citizens of a state. Moreover, John Locke`s theory of social contract is a very significant contribution in this regard, as he proposed that individuals are subject to natural laws, and, to ensure the disposal of these laws to individuals, a state authority is inevitable; however, this authority has been given by the people of the state to protect themselves.
This essay compares Romantic art with Modern art. Romantic art subjectively attempts to present individual impressions, the artist being primarily a psychological medium of interpretation - “emotions”. Compared to modern painting which is the evolution of new pictorial forms combining a wide range of materials.
Indeed, it would hardly be an exaggeration were one to claim that the one's theory is the antithesis of the other's. The aforementioned is evidenced in the fact that both had very different notions of human nature and, accordingly, of the rationale behind the entry of citizens into a social contract, the implications of the said contracts and the rights of the populace versus the limits of government.
Men possessed natural rights derived from natural law which was perceived only by the few who exercised their human reason.
John Locke believed that men were rational beings and could make use of natural law for their own good. But they needed the state to maintain peace and order, provide them with essential services, and settle their quarrels and conflicts.
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are considered as the most influential political theorists the world has ever seen. Thomas Hobbes and John Locke developed their own theories about human nature. Their theories
According to the author of the text, Hobbes' most famous work that has contributed extensively towards the western political philosophy is his book Leviathan, which was published in 1651. And the investigation has shown that there was a strong background as to why Hobbes decided to get this book published.