Abolitionism was an ideology operating on the doctrine of ending slavery. Various activities supported this principle aimed at achieving that goal. The concept is historical because all countries in the world have abolished slavery…
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Various activities supported this principle aimed at achieving that goal. The concept is historical because all countries in the world have abolished slavery, as many international organizations among them the United Nations require member countries to ratify abolitionism. Abolitionism was a major reform movement in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The doctrine to end slavery was to free millions of black people detained and used as slaves across the world. Other terms refer to abolitionism among them abolition movement and antislavery movement. The movement started by Africans resisting slave trade and slavery, eighteenth century notions regarding universally acceptable human rights, changing ideas in interpreting Christian morality, and changes in the economy status of the world (Oakes, 2013). This led to abolitionists dividing into two extremes with one group advocating for immediate end to slavery and slave trade while others fought for gradual end to the same. In the mid nineteenth century, the terminology abolitionism referred to the struggle to end slavery immediately. Early stages In the entire America and Western Europe, abolitionism was a rights movement whose proponents wanted to end set slave trade and in the process set slaves free. Bartholomew de las Casas, a Dominican priest influenced Spain to become the first European nation to legislate laws that legally abolished slavery by 1542. However, three years down the line, pressure from the bourgeoisie who were the beneficiaries forced the same country to weaken the laws reversing the gains made by early abolitionists. Evangelical Christians and Quakers fought hard against slave trade and slavery in the seventeenth century terming them un-Christian acts. The movement gained momentum in eighteenth century when rational thinkers among the elite in the society accused the beneficiaries calling the entire process a violation of human rights. It is important to note that although early abolitionists put in a lot of effort, the gains were not immediate as centers of slavery still existed. Centers were in Countries in South America and United States as well West Indies. The movement started in England after the Somerset’s case of 1772. Eight years later the state of Pennsylvania enacted laws that aimed at the gradual end to slavery within its area of jurisdiction (Wilson, 1990). Although there was no official law abolishing slavery in Massachusetts, the promulgation of the Massachusetts constitution ended slavery. The European colonization of countries in America increased the dependence on race-based slavery where Africans and their descendants were forced to work the farms. The process reached its apex in the sixteen century. This degree reached Great Britain’s North American colonies in the mid seventeen century. These countries later become the United States. Antislavery movements started because of the rights denied to slaves and other inhumane acts. In the United States for instance, slaves lost customary rights, passed their un-free status over to their children and respective descendants, and served for life. Individual efforts of the enslaved to free from slavery included self-purchase, escape, rebellion, and seeking redress from courts. Some of the early major revolts were in America as early as the first decade of the eighteenth century in South Carolina and New York City. Major efforts towards resistance to abolish slavery and slave trade from organizations in the United States came from Quakers, the Society of Friends who believed and spread the idea that slavery was physically dangerous and sinful to both the victim and the beneficiary. Leaders of the society including Antony Benezet from Pennsylvania and John Woolman from New Jersey
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By 1500, only significant number felonies carried the death penalty such as treason, murder, burglary, rape, arson, and larceny. In the United Kingdom, death by hanging remained the prime means of execution. The last executions in the United Kingdom were carried out in 1964 before abolishment of capital punishment for murder in Great Britain, which happened in 1969.
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The Haitian revolution was considered the most successful of all anti-slavery revolutions and occurred between the years of 1791 to 1804 in the French colony of Saint-Domingue, the colony which was an important producer of sugar and other crops saw frequent conflict between the slaves of African origin and the European masters (Lovejoy, 290).
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Although it is oftentimes considered that the immediate era surrounding the Civil War was the ultimate cauldron within which the issue of slavery came to prominence, it was a trying and contentious issue from before the time the United States was founded up until the conclusion of the Civil War.
The author discusses the period of anti-slavery movement as a terrible bloodshed period, because the abolition process resulted in violent protests from different parts of America. The protested groups were poor laborers from the northern states who were afraid of losing their jobs to freed slaves, and merchants who feared losing their business.
If the policy that is implemented has distributed the burdens and benefits of the community regarding health care in a balanced and fair manner, the individuals would definitely have a positive feedback to the institution.