The security of the country will howver remains to be the greatest pillar on which this great nation is founded. This is the reason as to why Thailand takes great exception in seeking for the support of the Security Council in dealing with the long dawn conflict that has faced the country in the recent past in the Pantani region. The United Nation Security Council has the obligation of promoting peaceful existence of nations and societies across the globe. This is through development of clear policy and initiatives that are meant to aide member countries of the UN in achieving this objective. The council’s obligation is embed on the fact that security lapse on a given country may not be a threat t that country alone but also a problem that, may affect the whole world. This has come out as part of the lessons that were learnt from the two great wars, the World War I and II and the failure of the League of Nations to fully address this fundamental issue. The conflict in the Pantani region of southern Thailand has a long history and separatist violence has occurred for decades (if not centuries), but the current conflict flared in the early 2000s. This conflict went a notch higher when the Pantani United Liberation Organization (PULO) and other related groups escalated their armed struggle for independence.