The establishment of The European Coal and Steel Community (EASC) saw the integration beyond coal and steel, and induce a more profound relationship. European Union was to harness member states and address political and economic issues…
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Introduction European integration was initiated in 1950 through the Schumann Plan, which established The European Coal and Steel Community (EASC). The aim was to confront fears that the dominance of Germany’s coal and steel industries could be detrimental to European post war reconstruction efforts or be harnessed to build a war machine (Lipgens and Loth, 1988). At a personal level, the plan’s chief architect, jean Monnet, hoped that the project would shore up French reconstruction plans and capacity by Europeanizing the technical planning process. Most proponents of the project hoped that ECSC would pave way for integration beyond coal and steel, and induce a more profound relationship (Sloan, 2005). The Robert Schuman Speech Robert Schuman, the French foreign minister acting on advice from his adviser jean Monnet, made a historical speech on 9th may 1950. The speech addressed pertinent issues affecting Europe such as the just ended World War Two, economic situation in European states, the unfolding cold war between Soviet Union and the US, the plague coup that facilitated the communist takeover in Czechoslovakia, the Berlin blockade, the first soviet atomic bomb, and forces in the USA advocating for a German rearmament (Lipgens and Loth, 1988). ...
A high authority, later named as European Coal and Steel Community, was to overlook the Franco-German coal and steel industry. The perceived fusion of economic interests would raise standards of living and inspire the formation of a European community. Decisions of the proposed High Authority were to be binding on member states while the high authority was to be independent and have equal representation. The founding partners had to invent a unique law and avoid the principle of unanimity. As a result, the law designed was neither national nor international, but transnational or supranational as such; the EU law was in violation of some national laws and required a high social competence to practice (Gerber, 1998). Initially, the EASC had six founding members who consisted of Belgium, Germany, France, Italy, Netherlands, and Luxembourg. The 1957 Treaty of Rome created the European Common Community (ECC) or Common Market. The founding nations of the European Union sacrificed some of their sovereignty in favor of economic integration, supranational governance, and collective peace. The motive was to rise above nationalistic heroism that had dominated the early decades of the twentieth century, precipitating two world wars, loss of life, and economic destruction (Sloan, 2005). European political leaders wanted to end international strife, promote economic well being, foster social harmony, and build a better world free of rivalries and hatred. Therefore, the initial functions of the EU were to foster peace and prosperity (Sloan, 2005). There were two ideological approaches to European integration; the federalist approach advocated for local, national and regional authorities to cooperate and complement each other while the functionalist
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The paper will go on to asses the connections that Turkey has to the European Union and how it has been explored over the past. This segment will go on to discuss the attempts made by Turkey to join the European Union and how they have been received. The research will evaluate the challenges faced by Turkey in entering the European Union.
Evolution The first occurrence that happened was the signing of the Treaty of Paris in the year 1951. The signing of this treaty led to the creation of the European steel and coal community. This treaty took effect a year later whereby it promoted the trade in minerals such as coal, iron ore, steel and coke.
This union, previously known as and is still often referred to as the European Community, is an intergovernmental organization established through a number of treaties. These treaties include among others the European Coal and Steel Community established in 1851, the European Atomic Energy Commission or Euratom established in 1957, the Treaty of Rome that led to the institution of the European Economic Community in 1957, the Single European Act of 1987, and the Treaty of European Union also called the Maastricht Treaty, which founded the European Union in 1993.
It is because of peace that societies, communities, nations, states and regional blocks trade with each other. Desire for peaceful coexistence has seen individuals sign peace accords contemplated to protect the safety and rights of the given parties. Just in the same way and manner, communities, states, countries, continents and the entire world have signed binding pacts to help achieve economic, political and social prosperity and order.
The road leading to the CPA has been a long and winded one too. Its original aim, which still stands today, was to raise the living standard of the farmers within the European Union. Closely tied to that objective was the fact that it was also geared towards ensuring a safe and stable supply of food.
The war involved all the continents apart from South America and Antarctica. It was fought in every ocean. Although the whole world was the theatre of the war, Europe was its primary place of action1. The war also originated in the same continent. The continent suffered the highest amount of loss in death and destruction.
The result is the liberation of 8358 Australians who were taken captive by the Germans and the Italians. Many were free from the grueling months of fighting (HighBeam Research, Inc.).
The aftermath of World War II undoubtedly includes ruined infrastructure, damaged machineries, injured work force and broken economy.
Chabot stated that this revolution involves the solidification of a European market of goods and services, major structural changes in countries plagued by fiscal negligence, and the reorganization of monetary policy in some of the world’s most advanced industrialized economies. The “European Single Market” is “the world’s largest domestic market”.
ll review the theory of democratic deficit and determine whether the organization is indeed plagued by a Democratic Deficit or purported lack of democracy and appears inaccessible to the ordinary citizen because of its complex structure. We will also attempt to present the
However, the European Union has its downsides with the main demerits including a loss of sovereignty for member nations among others. The paper will provide a broader view of the
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