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Understanding the Industrial Revolution: Its Causes and Consequences - Term Paper Example

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This paper "Understanding the Industrial Revolution: Its Causes and Consequences" discusses the ways of the industrial revolution and its main consequences. The author outlines the most brilliant political and social scientists that had some influence on the development of the revolution. From this work, it is clear about factors that led some countries to an industrial revolution. …
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Download file to see previous pages First is technology. Britain went through a revolution in the development and utilization of energy sources as they shifted from animal energy to water energy, to steam energy within a brief duration of time. The steam engine was the driving force of the Industrial Revolution (Allen, 2009).
Second is the capital. Britain had an expansive foreign dominion that furnished them with a stable and progressive economy. They had the resources or capital to construct and maintain important infrastructures, such as factories and transportation systems. The third is geography. The British have huge reserves of natural resources required by industrialization, like coal (Stearns, 1998). Moreover, Britain had control over numerous natural ports and passable waters which facilitated the movement of products within and outside the country. Fourth is the agrarian revolution, which was described as a major development in farming techniques that facilitated higher food yields. This revolution was reinforced by the invention of new farming equipment and high-quality fertilizers (Stearn, 1998).
On the other hand, there are eight major consequences of the Industrial Revolution: imperialism, communism, societal transformations, working conditions, urbanization, laissez-faire, major businesses, and mass production. First is imperialism. India, China, Africa, and other regions were invaded by Europe in order to gain control of their natural resources and access to their markets for industrialized products (Allen, 2009). Second is communism. As argued by Karl Marx, human history is rooted in the conflict between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. He envisaged that the working class would rebel to topple those who own the means of production and build a social order with an equitable distribution of resources. This theory of socialism would become the groundwork for the 20th-century Cuban, Chinese, and Bolshevik Revolutions (Garrett, 2000).   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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