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The concept of sovereignty figures prominently in the works of Hobbes and Locke. Write an in which you explain how these - Essay Example

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HOBBES AND LOCKE ON SOVEREIGNTY Name Professor Module Date Social theories and political science offer a diverse range of issues of analysis thanks to the highly controversial concept of sovereignty. Contemporary times have seen the emergence of a discussion regarding international laws and political concepts…
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The concept of sovereignty figures prominently in the works of Hobbes and Locke. Write an essay in which you explain how these
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"The concept of sovereignty figures prominently in the works of Hobbes and Locke. Write an in which you explain how these"

Download file to see previous pages The foundation of a state is based on the relationship between governments and their respective citizens. Advocates of theories of social contract go about explaining the reasons as to why governments are formed by citizens as well as are compelled to abide by the law. The theories of social contract were heavily supported by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. Despite this, the theories by the two just about totally opposed on the nature of power of the governing supreme, human nature as well as on the citizens’ rights against the supreme. Locke employed the social contract to support limited constitutionalism while Hobbes employed the same to defend absolutism. Hobbesian Sovereignty The Leviathan’s writing began shortly after the start of England’s civil war and was later published in 1651.2 The primary motives of Hobbes writing his theory of sovereignty are believed to be accounting for a stable political authority. In fact, Hobbes feels that it is the desire for stability that drives men into agreeing to enter into a commonwealth. According to Hobbes, a state of nature has “no propriety, no Dominion, no Mine and Thine distinct; but (only) that to be every man's that he can get; and for so long as he can keep it." He believed that the state of nature was characterized by a war between every man, and against every man.3 In addition, Hobbes argued that in a case of a natural state, "every man has a right to every thing; even to one another's body", describing the state of lives of men in this state as "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short"4 This is in line with his argument that though men are equal in their natural sense, continued acquisition of property results in bad self-preservation. The above mentioned condition has no room for living large, industry, or private ownership of property beyond what one can secure from others by force. When people begin hunting each other for property, a state of insecurity is born and eventually results in fear of death among the citizens. This fright, together with the hunger for large living is described by Hobbes as “the passions that incline men to peace.”5 It is this inclination towards peace that will drive men into commonwealth. According to Hobbes’ Leviathan, men willingly restrain themselves with foresight to getting themselves out from that miserable condition of war, which is necessarily consequent . . . to the natural passions of men, when there is no visible power to keep them in awe, and tie them by fear of punishment to the performance of their covenants and observation of those laws of nature . . . .6 In a state of nature, Hobbes believes that men voluntarily make a “covenant of every man with every man”7 that establishes between them a state of peace that is preserved by them. The role of the sovereign as described by Hobbes is to serve as the common power holding the men in fear via the creation and enforcement of laws within the civil society. The presence of a common power is vital since men left on their own lack external judges in resolving matters; and based on the fact that they are naturally inclined to their own individual causes, it will be very difficult or completely impossible to abide ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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