StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Analyse & assess how hobbes & locke's views differ on the state of nature, the social contract, and the system of government. To what extent was each philosophe - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Their reactions were based on their own life experiences and the philosophical outlook. Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and John Locke (1632-1704) were two such outstanding thinkers…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.9% of users find it useful
Analyse & assess how hobbes & lockes views differ on the state of nature, the social contract, and the system of government. To what extent was each philosophe
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Analyse & assess how hobbes & locke's views differ on the state of nature, the social contract, and the system of government. To what extent was each philosophe"

Download file to see previous pages “The ‘State of Nature’ is a term in political philosophy used in social contract theories to describe the hypothetical condition of humanity before the state’s foundation and its monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force.” (Wikipedia, 2006). In simpler words it is the condition before the rule of positive law comes into being or a way to discuss the conditions of society and government. Thinkers during the 17th and 18th century believed that whatever good things one had in the state of nature should not be lost when one entered into society. They evaluated the governments based on this condition.
Locke believed that in the state of nature men mostly kept their promises. American frontier is an example of people in the state of nature, where property rights and (for the most part) peace existed (James, n.d.). He believed that the state of nature was good. People are in a state of nature when it is socially acceptable to punish for wrongdoings done against you. Hence, if the government could not do as much for people as they did for themselves in the state of nature, the government could be invalidated.
Hobbes’ idea of the state of nature concern power and security and not the moral obligations. He believed that in state of nature people could behave badly towards each other. He compared the English Revolution to the ‘state of nature’, which was brutal. He had a very negative view of the Revolution and this convinced him that kingship was essential.
Hobbes opposed Locke’s view that people will generally follow the law of nature because they are naturally rational and not given to constant war. Locke believed that government should be from the people and that it should be limited so as not to violate the natural rights of people. “Locke states that the entire population has the right to punish an offender so that he will not commit the crime again and so that others will be deterred from moral law breaking.” (Wikipedia, 2006). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Analyse & assess how hobbes & locke's views differ on the state of Essay”, n.d.)
Analyse & assess how hobbes & locke's views differ on the state of Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1536948-analyse-assess-how-hobbes-lockes-views-differ-on-the-state-of-nature-the-social-contract-and-the-system-of-government-to-what-extent-was-each-philosophe
(Analyse & Assess How Hobbes & locke'S Views Differ on the State of Essay)
Analyse & Assess How Hobbes & locke'S Views Differ on the State of Essay. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1536948-analyse-assess-how-hobbes-lockes-views-differ-on-the-state-of-nature-the-social-contract-and-the-system-of-government-to-what-extent-was-each-philosophe.
“Analyse & Assess How Hobbes & locke'S Views Differ on the State of Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1536948-analyse-assess-how-hobbes-lockes-views-differ-on-the-state-of-nature-the-social-contract-and-the-system-of-government-to-what-extent-was-each-philosophe.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Analyse & assess how hobbes & locke's views differ on the state of nature, the social contract, and the system of government. To what extent was each philosophe

Hobbes and Locke views on the State of Nature

... right is egalitarian to the extent that all citizens have an equal right to private, if and only if, they use that for the purposes of cultivation. Further, Locke did not agree that a surplus should be allowed, given that one persons surplus essentially creates an imbalance --- that is, the idea of having more than one can use, creates a situation where one persons natural rights are in a ‘natural conflict’, so to speak, with the rights of an other. With Hobbes, the state of nature was not a matter of a condition of right, but a condition of 'war'. Individuals act egoistically, and therefore form a society to protect themselves against each other. While both philosophers view a state of nature as the prior condition for society, Hobbes...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Hobbes and the State of Nature

The concept of what is the nature of man is also unresolvable. Is man ‘evil’ and needs to be controlled? Or, is man ‘good’ and needs to institution or the elimination of institutions to achieve a sense of balance. In the world of Hobbes, man is ‘evil’ and needs to be controlled by a central authority-The Leviathan. When you view other philosophers, particularly Kant, one could say that man is not evil but needs encouragement to be good and cooperate. These are also the two tenets that are present in international politics. These are generally referred to as ‘Realism’-the Hobbesian Approach or ‘Liberalism’-the Kantian Approach. One can see elements of both in the actual practice of international politics. In this short essay, the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Hobbes and Locke - Philosophy Paper

...Hobbes and Locke - Philosophy Paper In their works, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke explained the nature of power, of nature", and characterized "civil society" underlining the importance of state-church relations. (1) In his most prominent work "Leviathan", Thomas Hobbes explains the concept of the "state of nature". Thomas Hobbes supposed that the "state of nature" is especially evident in the exercise of power. So far as human beings are concerned the acquisition and exercise of power is inevitably connected with an agent's having some view of the good and an intention to bring it about. He explained that when all men lived without a strong power, they was in the state of war, and "such a war as is of every man against every man" (Hobbes...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Hobbes and Locke

"Leviathan" (1651) proposes contractarianism and Sovereignty. Leviathan serves as a political metaphor, alluding to the Bible. It argues that an ideal commonwealth is best attained by a sovereign power, which has an absolute authority responsible for protecting the security and the common defense of the Commonwealth.
In the First Part: Of Man, Hobbes' philosophy is built in the manner of a geometrical proof. He observes that the universe is a "plenum" filled with material bodies. The innate condition of mankind and the state of nature here is essentially brutal and it is a "war of every man against every man," (Hobbes, 79) in which one continually seeks to annihilate the other. Human beings naturally seek peace, and the best w...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Social Contract Theories of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke

... will but consult it, that being all equal and independent; no one has a right to harm another in his life, health, liberty of possessions. 1 Locke's social contract favored men quitting the state of nature to form themselves into a civil society. In this society men instituted the state where a social contract or covenant was formulated between citizens and government, a trustee which they could dismiss if it did not maintain the freedom and equality that men originally knew and enjoyed. In other words, when government no longer served the citizens' interests and welfare, it might be resisted or overthrown. Why, because government had violated its obligations under the social contract to the extent that it had broken it. What were...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

How Electricity Pooling differ from Bilateral contract system

This was disbanded and replaced by the New Electricity Trade Agreements (NETA), which fostered the relationship of bilateral trading that did not allow for the inherent market manipulations seen in the Pool experience. The new agreements used a forward trade market by developing Power Purchase Agreements, constructed to enhance healthy economic competition. While the cost of development of NETA is debatable, the governing bodies of the Great Britain electricity service industry remain encouraged by the end results of NETA, as it delivered lowered costs for end-consumers and removed the ability of major players to manipulate the market.
For an effective understanding of the electronic service industry and the marketing impacts...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Comparing Hobbes, Locke and Rousseau

One of the key problems involved in the debate on justification of political authority is the balance between limitations imposed by any political authority and individual freedom. On the one hand, freedom is exceptionally important to the life of a person in many senses. On the other hand, an individual can not be allowed to act solely at his or her will: there must be certain rules for behavior. Establishing this balance between individual freedom and interests of the community is the key task of any state and government which acts like a stabilizer. In case this balance is in place, the highest level of individual freedom is achieved while the risk of falling into total anarchy is avoided (Popper, 1985).
According to Thomas...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

The Social Contract Theory Of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau

The Social Contract of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau Introduction The social contract is at theory that tries toexplain how the society originates as well as try to explain the presumed relationship between its members, how they acquire the responsibilities as well as their rights. It states that members of the society are accorded certain rights as a result of them giving up certain freedoms they can posses in the state of nature. The theory explains that the society enforces the rights and responsibilities that are borne by its members. Since these rights are not fixed and they are not natural, then it is possible for them to be altered should the society’s members decide to. It however states that exercising additional rights wil...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in Social Contract Theory

Thomas Hobbes and John Locke in Social Contract Theory 20th, December John Locke and Thomas Hobbes were social theorists responsible for the development of the social contract theory. This theory mainly suggests the formation of a stable society is influenced by people’s moral responsibilities, which rely on their collective agreement. These two social theorists use the social contract theory to explain how the government phenomenon rose to existence. The perceptions in their individual social contrast theory emanate from their works in Political Philosophy. John Locke published Two Treatise of Government, while Hobbes published Leviathan, which, are based on Political Philosophy. In these two books, Locke and Hobbes’ views on the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Analyse and assess Rousseau, Marx OR Nietzsches critique of Hobbes and/or Locke

This was very much in agreement with Rousseau views. They agree that everyone in the society should have a fair share of resources since they all work to earn this basic need.
There are, however, some contrasting views on their theory where Rousseau criticizes most of the Hobbes views. These views are as they put them in their theories. Hobbes in his theory of human believes that human nature is always in conflict (Angeli 1998). The conflict is brought about by the stiff competition of the unlimited resources which are scarce in nature. He brings out the nature of competition as a state of war between different people, fighting to be left out with the object which is in demand. This fight causes the society to live in chaos. T...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Examination of the Thyroid System

In 2006, his gallbladder was removed. He takes over-the-counter anti-histamines, as needed for allergic rhinitis symptoms.
Personal and Social History: Mr. "S" is a 73-year-old widower who usually eats the organic food produced from the animals and the fruits and vegetables on his farm. He has two to three beers in the evening after dinner every night. He weighs 235 lbs and measures 5 10" tall.

Whether there is any family history of swelling in the limbs? Is the swelling present anywhere else other than the lower leg? What precipitates the shortness of breath and how long does it last? Is the shortness of breath severe? How long does he need to rest to overcome the shortness of breath? Does he feel dizzy when his b...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Economic Models: The Free Market and The State Owned System

The free market concept is mainly a theoretical concept as every country, even capitalist ones place some restrictions on the ownership and exchange of commodities (Free market economy). Therefore, the term free-market economy primarily means a system where the buyers and sellers are solely responsible for the choices they make. It gives the buyers and sellers the power to do business without being afraid of any regulations and intervention by the state. Hence, a free market gives the absolute power to prices to determine the allocation and distribution of goods and services (Free Market Economy). The pricing mechanism is in turn, driven by the forces of demand and supply of goods and services. Demand and supply of...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Benefit of Partnership to Company, Trade Union and Government

The John Lewis model of partnership states that the ultimate purpose of business is the happiness of all its members. Hence, when partners “share the responsibilities of ownership as well as its rewards of profit, knowledge, and power”, it is mutually beneficial to all members of the organization (ILO, 1996). The partnership can be a part of the commitment to pluralism and also a part of the non-union agenda (Bacon & Storey, 2000). The national agreement Partnership 2000 defines workplace partnership as “an active relationship based on recognition of common interest to secure the competitiveness, viability, and prosperity of the enterprise” (Doherty, 2008). The interest in the partnership has arisen due...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Approach to Education: Comparison of Philosophies of A S Neill & Paul Hirst

He believed that to impose anything by authority is wrong. The child should not do anything until he comes to an opinion – his own opinion- that it should be done. He states clearly his commitment to freedom of a child: ‘we set out to make a school in which we should allow children to be themselves. In order to do this, we had to renounce all discipline, all directions, all suggestions, all moral training, and all religious instruction. The child should never be forced to learn, Attendance at lessons should be voluntary whatever the age of the child. Only learning that is voluntarily undertaken has any value, and children will know themselves when they are ready to learn. (Summerhill , p.37)

Children will on...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

Evaluating the Nature Of Co-Ownership of Property and Trust Relationship

Technically, the rule on implied sharing in the property emanates from the assumption that the people involved in the transaction are partners. The rights of the parties in an implied partnership and sharing of the property need to be defined to determine the just share of the parties. According to Lord Bridge in the case of Lloyds Bank v Rosset1, to determine the sharing of the property, there is a need to establish the kind of agreement that the parties have over their affair. To do this, the court said in the case of Lloyds Bank v Rosset that we must look into the conduct of the parties when it comes to “sharing the house as their home and managing their joint affairs”2.

According to Lord Bridge in the ca...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Corporate Social Responsibility

Corporate social responsibility refers to the responsibility of an organization that focuses not only on optimum utilization of available resources, but also on ensuring its resources, processes, and products are not causing harm to the society at large, and also try to add greater value. However, the explanation of CSR is not limited to this thought and is perceived differently by different organizations, different groups of population and different regions of the world (Karake-Shalhoub & Karake, 1999).

A holistic understanding why organizations can have such lasting effect on the society may be drawn from Dawe’s (1970; p.214) explanation of sociology that identifies two distinct aspects, sociology of social...
8 Pages(2000 words)Assignment

The Trends in the Steel Industry and How It May Impact Nucor Corporations Strategy

The whole organization at Nucor’s revolves around the laid principles and focus on reinforcing to the extent that the organization is known for its culture and quality. Simultaneous quality checks and adherence are also as important building a strong culture for the organizations.

Nucor Corporation has always tried to challenge itself for further progress and to keep abreast of the industry of steel business.

Let us look at the trends observed in the business of the steel industry. The trend in the steel industry is very dynamic and always impacted by internal and extraneous factors. For almost 50 years the United States of America reigned in the industry of steel production, almost half of the entire p...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

The 1846 Invasion into Mexico by the U. S.: The Political and Economic Forces that Brought about the Invasion

Some of the territories led to a war with Mexico from which the United States emerged victorious, expanding its territories and decisively establishing its dominance in North America.

President Andrew Jackson led an example of an administration that set the stage for the way in which James Polk would lead. In 1817, as a still yet military leader, Jackson led the United States into the first of three conflicts with the Seminole Indians from which the acquisition of Florida from Spain would be negotiated and finalized. The situation with Spain was tenuous and should have been dealt with in a diplomatic and cautious manner, but in 1817 President Monroe wrote a letter to General Jackson stating that “Great interests...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article

Logistics System Management

The logistics system is designed in such a manner as the combination of various facilities in the transportation at home, and the operations involved in the warehouse and the distribution channels for the manufacturing are the same. The supply chain is a collection of various complicated systems of logistics where they have a collection of raw materials and goods that are useful for the manufacturing of the final product and to the final distributors. “For example, in make-to-assembly (MTA) systems components and semi-finished products are manufactured in a push-based manner while the final assembly stage is pull-based. Hence, the work-in-process inventory at the end of the first stage is used to assemble the finished produc...
15 Pages(3750 words)Coursework

Economy and Social Activity of The Broken Hill Community

Soon a retail industry was built up and the community began to grow and is considered to be a society with a civic nature (Learning Communities in Education and Training, 2009). The community of Broken Hill can be considered to be highly diverse with a census that was conducted in the area in 1996 showed that out of the then population there were 961 people who came from overseas and a large amount of those was not from an English speaking nation. The large composition of the population in the community at the time was aboriginals or Torres Strait Islanders. Broken Hill thus shows a varying ethnic community and a diverse mindset considering a large proportion of the people are from nations such as Greece, Malta and even Italy (Lea...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Analyse & assess how hobbes & locke's views differ on the state of nature, the social contract, and the system of government. To what extent was each philosophe for FREE!

Contact Us