Nobody downloaded yet

Hobbes, Machiavelli and Moral Relativism - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The Virtue of Expediency: Hobbes, Machiavelli and Moral Relativism Name Class Professor Date 1 The Virtue of Expediency: Hobbes, Machiavelli and Moral Relativism In 1532, Niccolo Macchiavelli penned what has become accepted as the definitive treatise on political power in the history of Western literature…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
Hobbes, Machiavelli and Moral Relativism
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Hobbes, Machiavelli and Moral Relativism"

Download file to see previous pages The morality that The Prince espouses has immortalized the famous notion that the ends justify the means, that a ruler should not concern himself with abstract concepts of virtue and ethics in the effort to hold power. In this realist construct, since the ruler is power, the idea of sacrificing power in the interest of the virtuous rule is not only an irrelevant idea, it becomes illogical. In this perspective, Machiavelli argues that the ruler must “learn to be able not to be good and to use this and not use it as necessity dictates.”1 “Necessity” is the operative word in this idea, and emphasizes the “real-world” morality of Machiavelli’s invention. “The Prince must govern in the real world with men as they are, and not in some ideal world where men behave as they ought to.”2 To Macchiavelli, actions bear an intrinsic “virtue” of their own, regardless of whether those actions can be identified as “evil.” In other words, if the ruler, by his actions, is able to solidify his power and thus keep his rule secure from those who seek to supplant him, then he has, by definition, done good. Though Thomas Hobbes disagreed with Macchiavelli concerning the role of the state, the two agreed on this 2 point: “In stressing the power of the sword and the inefficacy of mere words, Hobbes was following Macchiavelli.”3 Both Hobbes and Macchiavelli concur in the political “virtue” of fear and power, and that “there should be no limitations placed upon the rights of rulers.”4 For both Hobbes and Machiavelli, metaphysics has no place in the real world of men, the world in which power is the only real currency. The effective ruler is never one who would consider virtue to be anything more than an abstraction, which can in no way aid him in wielding and maintaining power. Morality has a slightly different meaning for Hobbes, who proposes a “natural condition of mankind,” in which there is chaos, a condition devoid of political organization or power.5 In this natural state, Hobbes argues that there is no possibility of morality because there is nothing to give it context and meaning. Hobbes counters that in a commonwealth, the organized political state in which all have a place, it is essential, and the individual’s bounden duty, to obey those who hold power. Hobbes may have followed Machiavelli in the fundamental beliefs concerning the primacy of power and authority over ideas and moral ethic, but he diverges from Machiavelli over the doctrine that morality is something that not only exists within the bounds of the political state, but is something that the individual must concede to the state for his own well-being and that of society. Hobbes was writing from firsthand knowledge about religious warfare, specifically, the horrific experiences of the English Civil War, the outcome of which had forced Hobbes to flee England to avoid Cromwell’s wrath over his proposition that obedience to unrestrained royal authority must be absolute. 3 Hobbes postulated a form of human equality for which Machiavelli does not allow. Yet Hobbes’ “equality” is not in the same vein as that of the ancient Greeks, or the great philosophers and writers of the Enlightenment. In Hobbes’ view, “men should be seen to be equal politically because of a decisive point of equality: every human being, even the strongest and smartest, is susceptible to being killed by others.” ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Hobbes, Machiavelli and Moral Relativism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1443311-political-philosophy
(Hobbes, Machiavelli and Moral Relativism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Hobbes, Machiavelli and Moral Relativism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1443311-political-philosophy.
  • Cited: 1 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
International management - Ethics - Moral relativism vs moral universalism
Are there universal standards that permit us to learn about people and their opinions across the borders of cultural diversity? This paper examines a particular assumption which states that one can keep on challenging the argument that norms defending human rights, and opinions supporting freedom, are culturally particularistic and cannot perhaps possess any universal legitimacy.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Moral Relativism
Name: Instructor’s Name: Course: Date of Submission: Moral relativism Moral relativism is a philosophical theory that morality, principles, ethics are relative which are culturally dependent as well count on an individual’s choice. This morality is not absolute, it does not hold for all people at any place and it depends on time and situation too.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Fobbes is best known for his work in political philosophy and in the social sciences although he contributed to a diverse range of academic disciplines including physics of gases, geometry, history, ethics, general philosophy, theology and political science (Bunce & Meadowcroft 21).
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Moral & Cultural Relativism
In the case of food taste, people tend to possess varied opinions concerning their favorite flavors and tastes. A specific example of food taste concerns the different ice cream flavors available in the market. These flavors were developed due to varying preferences among the society’s members.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Sociology of deviance

The author states that learning about the possible reasons that could be attributed to habit of watching pornography, some reasons stand to be questioned. He did not agree with the reason the individuals watch pornography because they want to keep their sex life healthy. Explaining pornography fantasy based on the perspective of deviant is deceiving.

1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay
Machiavelli and Hobbes Theories on Power
As implied by the connotative meaning of the word "Machiavellian," which suggests a kind of diabolical implementation of cruel and random acts absent rhyme or reason. However, this radically understates the moral and axiological project that informs their work and thinking.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
What is moral relativism
theory in philosophy connotes that “there is no single true morality” because what is “moral right and wrong are always relative to a choice of moral framework” (Harman & Thomson, 1996). It has two forms, ethical subjectivism and cultural relativism (“Moral
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Moral Relativism and Plato’s Euthyphro
Dooyeweerd’s contention of truth focuses on the relative aspects of truth. Kant and other thinkers emphasize on knowledge, but Dooyeweerd focuses both on the aspects of ‘truth’ and the ‘knowledge of truth’. Relative truth is a sort of perceived
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Moral relativism and Moral absolutism
On the other hand, the issue of cultural relativism suggests that morals have relations to different cultures. The two forms of moral relativism refute
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Moral Relativism in the movie Gattaca
The paper throws light on the movie Gattaca that depicts high-technology discrimination where society’s preference and opportunities in life is genetically determined. Not so long ago, this kind of discrimination also exists, only that the segregation was more obvious but it still involves a person genetic make-up; that is the color of his skin through racial discrimination.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Hobbes, Machiavelli and Moral Relativism for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us