Nobody downloaded yet

Political Philosophy (Hobbes' ideas about human nature) - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Introduction Born in 1588, Thomas Hobbes is considered as the founding philosopher of the Western Political Philosophy. His political philosophy formed the foundations for the Western governance based on the social contract theory. Considered as a champion of the absolutism of the sovereign, he also believed to have set the fundamentals of the Western liberal thought…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.3% of users find it useful
Political Philosophy (Hobbes ideas about human nature)
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Political Philosophy (Hobbes' ideas about human nature)"

Download file to see previous pages Both these influences seem to have greater influence over the way Hobbes political thoughts developed over the period of time. His thoughts on political philosophy were therefore strongly oriented towards separating religion from the politics and state. Hobbes strongly advocated the minimal role of religious orthodoxy into the affairs of the government and resultantly he suggests that it is the sovereign which should have an authority over the religion. What is critical to note that Hobbes suggested that a person’s duties to God must not override his duties to the sovereign? This therefore makes his overall political philosophy different from earlier thoughts on the relationship between religion and the politics. This paper will discuss the philosophy of Hobbes and will make a comparison and contrast between his philosophy and that of Locke. Hobbes on Human Nature One of the most important difficulties while one reads about Hobbes’s thoughts on the human nature is the fact that his ideas on human nature cannot be easily separated from his overall political philosophy. ...
Hobbes therefore strongly believed that Man is not the social animal because a society cannot exist without the establishment of a government. This orientation of the Hobbes towards the nature of the man therefore suggests that man will be at war with each other perpetually. Such tendency of the man therefore can only be controlled if there is a strong sovereign with absolute powers to control such instinctive nature of man. It is because of this reason that Hobbes believes that absolute monarchy may be the right kind of political system to control such institutive nature of man. To better understand the political philosophy of Hobbes and his ideas on human nature, it is also important to understand his concept of the state of the nature. The state of nature is used as a hypothetical condition which preceded the government. Hobbes increasingly views human nature from the perspective of the state of the nature because he believe that the human nature in the state of nature is quite poor, brutish, solitary as well as short. He therefore argues that the man essentially is a selfish individual and in the absence of any government, his selfishness can prevent the establishment of a social or society. He therefore argues that in order to accommodate the individual rights within a society, it is important for individuals to cede some of their rights and others will also follow the same. That is how the society is created out of the essential human nature. (Martinich) He also went on to argue that a man cannot, by his nature, find god or evil and therefore in order to live in peace, it is important for him to subjugate him to an authority of the government which is strong enough to provide the required support to an individual. Another ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Political Philosophy (Hobbes' ideas about human nature) Essay”, n.d.)
Political Philosophy (Hobbes' ideas about human nature) Essay. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1437324-political-philosophy-hobbes-ideas-about-human
(Political Philosophy (Hobbes' Ideas about Human Nature) Essay)
Political Philosophy (Hobbes' Ideas about Human Nature) Essay. https://studentshare.org/history/1437324-political-philosophy-hobbes-ideas-about-human.
“Political Philosophy (Hobbes' Ideas about Human Nature) Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1437324-political-philosophy-hobbes-ideas-about-human.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Political Philosophy
...? Kant’s political ideas in the modern world Outline: A. Introduction B. General Discussion Kantian Political Philosophy 2) Kant onwar 3) Political ideas of Kant and the modern individual 4) Kantian Ethics for the modern individuals C. Conclusion Introduction Immanuel Kant is one of the greatest world’s philosophers and he surely defines the main concepts of politics in his creative heritage. On the one hand, Politics determines the relations with other sciences and Kantian ideas can be easily correlated with the different spheres of a human activity. On the one hand,...
15 Pages(3750 words)Essay
Political Philosophy
...hand, the Absolutist answer describes that the state of nature, without political security is barbarous, dangerous, as well as, impoverished, that is rational to give major freedom to the government or state in order to gain security or peace. Hobbes agrees with this statement in his “Leviathan”. In the Democratic Answer, John Locke concurs with Hobbes when he states that individuals can contract with the government in order to give up on some freedom in exchange of security. Nonetheless, he disagrees with him on the degree of which people should surrender to the state. According to Locke, it is illogical to give up natural rights to representation,...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Philosophy of human nature
...? PHILOSOPHY ON HUMAN NATURE Philosophy s Philosophy on Human Nature Among all the questions that areinteresting simultaneously for science, philosophy, religion and literature, it seems the most urgent and at the same time the most disputable and vague is the query about the sense of life. Taking into account that there are a lot of literary works and researches written on the topic of eternal life, every study, and especially each philosophic or religious doctrine, has its own unique explanation. In the life of every normal person, there is such a moment when a question...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Political Philosophy
..., and Friedrich Engels. 2. A Classical Liberal Answer by Mill Mill concurs with Lock in vying for representational democracy; however, he is against the idea of natural rights (Pojman, 502). The struggle between Authority and Liberty has been ongoing for a long time particularly in the history of countries like Rome, Greece, and England. However, during such times, the contest was between the government and certain classes of subjects. Liberty meant protection against the dictatorship of political rulers. The rulers at the time obtained authority from conquest or inheritance. Therefore, most of them never held leadership at the pleasure of the citizens. Although their power was deemed...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Hobbes and Locke - Philosophy Paper
...Hobbes and Locke - Philosophy Paper In their works, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke explained the nature of power, of nature", and characterized "civil society" underlining the importance of state-church relations. (1) In his most prominent work "Leviathan", Thomas Hobbes explains the concept of the "state of nature". Thomas Hobbes supposed that the "state of nature" is especially evident in the exercise of power. So far as human beings are concerned the acquisition and exercise of power is inevitably connected with an agent's having some view of the good and an intention...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Compare and contrast the ideas about human nature in two theorists Hobbes and Locke
...in submission of any terrestrial authority, except of his own consent" (Locke, 1990, p.8). From this perspective political authority can hardly be justified: since it issues commands and requires the subjects to obey these commands, political authority clearly involve subordinating one person to the commands of others, which violates that person's right to freedom. Evidently, John Locke and Thomas Hobbes represent two entirely different and very sophisticated doctrines of human nature, social relations and political authority. These doctrines clearly manifested in almost every work produced by the two thinkers and greatly affected their...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Political Philosophy
...Political Philosophy Whenever we consider the social nature of a government, i.e. what constitutes a government, what legislations it should pass, what laws it should uphold, what freedoms it should defend as well as what duties its citizens owe to the government and their city or country we refer to this branch of philosophy as political philosophy. This type of philosophy focuses on the basic nature of the political system though it is a more generalized form of the discipline rather than technical. Socrates and his pupil Plato are one of the first in history to delve into the aspect of political philosophy. Plato’s the republic spoke of Plato’s vision for an ideal state understood that justice was essential to the unity... types of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment
Political philosophy
...Political Philosophy How and its legitimate use of physical force came into being is a controversial for researchers.Political philosophers like Hobbs (1588-1679), Locke (1632-1704), Rousseau (1712-1778) and others proposed their own different convictions on Social Contract Theory, as a device used to justify the political authority. According to them, political power originated from a pre political natural condition through a gradual development of Social Contract. This pre political natural condition is termed as ‘state of nature’. Although the theorists agree that...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Early Islamic Philosophy: Human Beings are by Nature Political Animals
...their texts, the three philosophers conceptualize the idea that human beings are by nature the most valuable creation of God, endowed with excellence and superiority, and equipped with human intellect that allows rationalization and political justice. According to Al-Farabi’s text On the Perfect State, humans have the most valuable existence, ranking in the world below and above the moon. As highly operational animals, humans have been placed at the apex of the ascending order of excellence -- above plants and animals. In signifying that humans have the greatest ability to excel and become closer to the...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Political Philosophy
...such rights. However, Locke’s views were nuanced as far as owning private property was concerned. For instance, Locke held the view that since we are free in our movements and are owners of our bodies, so, any efforts that we put in to “pour ourselves” into improving natural objects like land must necessarily belong to us as we have invested significant time and energy in making the land worthwhile for human use. The way in which Locke proposed this in The Second Treatise on Government is by alluding to the investment of labor that one does to improve the land for the use by all. To cite Locke, “The same principle of appropriation by the investment of labor can be extended to control over the surface...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Political Philosophy (Hobbes' ideas about human nature) for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us