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Hobbes and Locke - Essay Example

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Summary to essay on topic "Hobbes and Locke"
Leviathan" (1651) proposes contractarianism and Sovereignty. Leviathan serves as a political metaphor, alluding to the Bible. It argues that an ideal commonwealth is best attained by a sovereign power, which has an absolute authority responsible for protecting the security and the common defense of the Commonwealth.
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Download file "Hobbes and Locke" to see previous pages... Human beings naturally seek peace, and the best way to achieve peace is to construct the Leviathan through social contract. The Second Part: Of Commonwealth, shows the process of erecting the Leviathan by outlining the rights of sovereigns and subjects, and draws the legislative and civil mechanics of the commonwealth.
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He deduces twelve principals of the sovereign, proposes censorship of the press and the restriction of free speech rights for the promotion of order. The Third Part: Of the Christian Commonwealth, formulates the compatibility of Christian doctrine and the religious system of the Leviathan. He argues that though there is no God personally present in this world, even in the incarnation of Christ, there is a Prime Mover who intervenes in the world through the mediation of matter.Hobbes thus takes theological knowledge and reinterprets it to conform to his determination of natural facts and philosophical conclusions. The Fourth Part: Of the Kingdom of Darkness, engages in deflating false religious beliefs and argues that the political implementation of the Leviathanic state is necessary to achieve a secure Christian commonwealth. ...Download file "Hobbes and Locke" to see next pagesRead More
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