Developments in shipping and navigation technologies together with developments in mathematics, writing, space science and printing, which facilitated advanced knowledge to be distributed, gave Europe the motive to expand across the world…
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Developments in shipping and navigation technologies, which enabled sailors to move across the wider seas with increased success, together with developments in mathematics, writing, space science and printing, which facilitated advanced knowledge to be distributed, gave Europe the motive to expand across the world. Tensions on the land or territories from the intruding Ottoman Kingdom and the need to acquire new trade mean through the famous markets in Asia – the former routes under Venetian and Ottoman control- accelerated the European motives to explore. A number of sailors attempted moving around the southern parts of African and up beyond India, while other moved across the famous Atlantic Ocean. 1a. Motives for European empires exploration and colonization Advanced technology European gained from trade contact with China, which had created gunpowder, as well as magnetic compass. In addition, from Arabia, European nations acquired the skills of inventing advanced sails. They also invented mobile rudder, which enabled them to steer bigger ships without difficulty. These technological advancements in navigation enabled Europeans to navigate in many areas. European travelers started to utilize the angle of the sun to position their location, enabling them to monitor distances, (Bartlett 34). The renaissance determination spirit accelerated exploration, and curiosity to locate all water means to the East. In addition, in Portugal, the navigator, Henry, funded the Portuguese sailors to explore the Atlantic coastal parts of Africa. He invented a modern lighter ship highly enabled for long distance exploration through the ocean, (Musiker and Reuben 45). This played a fundamental role in accelerating European expansion and maritime business with neighboring regions. Emergence of influential rulers in Europe Since 15th century, European countries aspired to expand their impact via exploration. Influential leaders had extended their control over unruly nations. These leaders created large armies and accumulated large riches through tax collection. Desire for trade and profits City states in Italy had once benefited from shipping products through the Mediterranean Sea, but roads in Asia was terminated by annexation of Constantinople by Turkey in 1453. In addition, the industrialist financial autonomy was developing and people viewed wealth in terms of money. They desired to use those resources to make wealth, (Mommsen 123). Religious enthusiasm Missionaries in European countries such as Portugal and Spain wanted to spread their Christian doctrines. Some missionaries travelled overseas to make more converts, for instance, transform heathens to Christians in their destination areas. Christian missionaries aspired to spread both the superior religion and superior culture in new territories. 1b. Different Colonial transplantations in Maryland, Virginia and Massachusetts Bay The enormous variations in transplantation approaches in Maryland, Virginia and Massachusetts, colonies had an immense effect on the initial development and prosperity of these regions. The heroes in these regions were London or Virginia Firms, Massachusetts firms and Lord Baltimore. Each hero experienced unique challenges, and the results are the key consequences of the decided course of action of colonial leadership, (Mommsen and Jaap 52). Virginia territory was ruled by James King 1. The company engaged on a strong colonization move with the aim of exploitation and faster resource return. Jamestown region was poorly chosen, and imperialists experienced diseases and hunger. Experts agree that
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However, these developments did not start or stop with the coming of the European colonial masters to North and South America; in fact, even the natives had their own cultures and developments before the coming of the colonists. However, when the colonists arrived from Europe, a lot of conflicts emerged as each group endeavored to preserve its cultures.
According to the paper the native population of the Americas went down by at least 80% after Columbus set foot in there because of the heavy bouts of migration and immigration to and from the countries. A great lot of people died as well because of an outbreak of diseases in the old world and lack of medicines. Some say that many of these diseases even occurred because of communicability from Europe to the Americas as well as climate change and environment change for those that were transported from the Americas to Europe.
The gaining of empire does not necessarily mean colonization is formal political control involving annexation and the definite loss of independence. An empire is broader and can involve control direct or indirect, formal or informal economically or politically.
Imperialism and Orientalism: A Historical Analysis.
From the ancient civilizations, since the postcolonial era, the world has witnessed rise and the fall of many mighty empires. The human race is quite familiar with the term Imperialism. The term is not just associated with establishing ultimate political power in the conquered land.
Colonization is a term not to be confused with imperialism or colonialism. Colonization is a larger and more definitive category, encompassing small to large immigrations of an established population to a 'new' area, and an expansion of their cultures, customs, beliefs and religions into the new area.
lidating territory and facilitating the exchange of culture and societies: however, in some cases, forcible empire building has left behind a legacy of alienation.
Philip II (359 – 336 B.C.) can be designated the founder of the Macedonian Empire. He organized an efficient
This term was used about the continents of South and North America combined (Greenblatt 11). While the Spaniard explorers concentrated on these areas, the British and French Empire interest was more inclined towards North America.
So, what motivated the explorers as well
The 1860’s were an economically unstable time that ended in an economic depression in 1873. The expansion of competitive trade in Europe boosted colonialist and imperialist ambitions into Africa. The principal aim of European expansion into Africa in the 19th century to secure trade links with African nations.
There was an emergence of the industrial revolution in Europe that led to the demand for raw materials. Industrial revolution relies on money resources, natural resources, and human resources. Europe had the labor and, therefore, generated efficient funds for the European traders, which was essential for the funding of the industrial revolution.
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