The Colonization of Egypt Before the commencement of the British rule in Egypt, Egypt’s culture and economy was thriving. Egypt continued to excel in infrastructure as well as architecture for several centuries during the reign of the pharaohs. The Egyptian pyramids are the symbol of the Egyptians unique taste in architecture throughout the history…
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1). Throughout its history, the Egyptians have experienced colonization with different leading nations that included but were not limited to the Greek-Roman colonizers, the Turks, and the French. These numerous periods of colonization has had immense impact on the psychology and lifestyle of the Egyptians. Britain controlled Egypt for a period of almost four decades. “Considering the history of colonization efforts in Egypt, it is of no surprise that the land of the pharaohs soon bore the brunt of European and American intentions” (Eden, 2011). In the year 1882, the British forced the French Army’s leader Napoleon Bonaparte out of Africa. “The British considered their task to be to relieve Egypt of the evil of overgovernment, so that the productive capacity of the Egyptian peasant could be realized to the full” (Mitchell, 1998, p. 109). Rather than giving the land of Egypt to the Egyptians, that were supposedly its rightful owners, the British resolved to colonize Egypt and govern the land by means of a protectorate. This provided the British government with a way to control the politics and economy of Egypt without having any intervention made by the Egyptians. As a result of this, the Egyptians completely lost their country’s control. Before its colonization, Egypt had a very good economic condition. The industrial aspects were maintained by the working class whereas the upper class looked after the political aspects and made part of the government. Through Egypt’s colonization, Britain gained hold over the Suez Canal that was a fundamental component of the routes used to conduct trade. Britain used this control to impose heavy taxes upon the ships that navigated through the Suez Canal. The British gathered a lot of money with this and the Egyptians did not get any share from them. The British government kept that money as profit rather than using it for maintaining the Suez Canal or Egypt. Gradually, the Egyptians realized that Britain had colonized their country and was using its resources to make profit for itself and so the Egyptians started leaving Egypt. This imparted the need to have immense action by the British, since the profit would be minimized if the Egyptians were allowed to leave the country because the land as well as the Suez Canal was primarily maintained by the Egyptians. As a result, the British government resolved to heavily tax the Egyptians so that the Egyptians would need to stay and work in Egypt to be able to pay off the taxes. The Egyptians were left with no choice but to make money to pay off the taxes by maintaining the land of Egypt and the Suez Canal. After the taxes were paid, the Egyptians were left with very little money that was just enough to afford the basic necessities of life. The British were holding the Egyptians on their own land against their consent that was not only illegal morally and ethically but was also punishable in the eyes of law. The political condition of Egypt had been immensely damaged because of colonization apart from the economic scam of Britain. “The most important use of orientalism to the Europeans was that they defined themselves by defining the orientals. For example, qualities such as lazy, irrational, uncivilized, crudeness were related to the orientals, and automatically the Europeans became active, rational, civilized, sophisticated. Thus, in order to achieve this goal, it was very
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