In the 16th century Spain and Portugal embarked on explorations pioneering in an era of colonization. Before this, no empire outside of Europe extended beyond the continent. Activities in the seas said to be unparalleled in history, characterised the courage, greed, cruelty and wanton destructiveness of the Spanish conquerors.1 The victories, for example, show a few Spaniards winning over great empires of the Aztecs and the Incas with their bullions of silver in an effort to Christianise these races…
Download file to see previous pages...
The process is still viewed by many European observers as favourable.4 Aside from increasing wealth through world trade and bartered products, ties between the Old World and the new world were discovered. They also believed it introduced Christianity. The conquest of the Americas and expansion to the rest of the world were said to have brought about the best as well as the worst of European civilization. Resources were greedily plundered and the natives were brutally repressed and enslaved in attempts to create news institutions and convert the natives to Christianity. In any case, the Europeans had begun to change the face of the world in an effort to export their religion, culture, and language to all corners of the earth.5 "Christianising" brought in wealth for Spain's new colonies in Latin America mainly from silver. In 1545 silver was discovered at Potos, in modern Bolivia. After delivering European goods needed in the colonies, convoys of Spanish caravels would carry back to Spain gold and silver together with a 20% share of the Spanish crown.6 But the rise of the Reformation (1517) had inflicted serious wounds on the Church, when so many priests defected.7
II. Religious allegiance
Massive campaign to Christianise. Catholic Europe had been confined to one geographical area for almost a thousand years. The Crusades which saw them beyond frontiers had largely failed.8 The religious orders early on, had obtained broad powers in the colonies so that the Franciscans, the Dominicans and the Augustinians carried out a massive campaign to Christianize the natives, especially in New Spain. Lands outside Europe provided a strong attraction, and desire for wealth was the main motivation of the early explorers, though spreading Christianity was also an important factor.9
Mixed motives. All with "God, glory, and gold" as the primary motives of the voyages, several were carried out in the first two decades of the sixteenth century exploring the eastern coasts of both North and South America. Vasco Nuez de Balboa, a Spanish explorer, led an expedition across the Isthmus of Panam, reaching the Pacific Ocean in 1513, and Ferdinand Magellan in 1519 sailed through the Pacific Ocean and reached the Philippines, where he was killed by the natives.10
III. Economic Development
Beginning a new era. European adventurers like Magellan were hardly aware that they were beginning a new era, not only for Europe but for the peoples of Asia, Africa, and the Americas. They marked the beginning of a process leading to radical changes in the political, economic and cultural life of the entire world.11
More wars. The imperial age saw that the population of the lands of the united monarchy amounted to 8,500,000 in the 1590s, a level which was not surpassed for two hundred years. Emigration to the Indies averaged to about 2,000 people a year. The European wars were fought almost entirely outside Spanish soil, and the proportion of European mercenaries in 50,000 to 70,000 troops being maintained by the crown increased steadily, especially in the closing decades of the
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Catholic Areas of Europe before 1570 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/history/1509159-catholic-areas-of-europe-before-1570
(Catholic Areas of Europe before 1570 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Catholic Areas of Europe before 1570 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1509159-catholic-areas-of-europe-before-1570.
The movement was made up of some loosely coordinated local groups comprising of workers, who were pushing for a reform in the political organization of the countries, especially for Britain. The movement started as an expression of grievances by skilled artisans such as shoemakers, artisans and painters, which then attracted more educated and intellectual groups that moved the agitations by the movements a notch higher, since the enforced moral groups started calling for strikes, which then translated to protests and later violent protests (Hovell and Tout, 52).
For a great deal of time early Christians were basically a hybrid of the old and new faiths. They believed in Jesus and baptism while still following Jewish prayers, maintaining a kosher lifestyle, and attending Synagogue. For some time it would be fair to call them Jewish-Christians.
The main conclusion of the work is that before and during the period of Reformation, Europe was facing serious economic problems, connected with the consequences of the Black Death (plague epidemic) and the reconstruction of the religious ideas in catholic countries has created major conditions for the better economic and social growth there.
The Pope, who is the bishop of Rome, became the central figure of Christianity. The word Pope is derived from Greek word Pappas meaning father and Pope became the father figure of not only the Church, but also for all the followers of the religion. The legend goes on to say that Jesus selected St.
Raw materials are pure, and directly from the environment, such as sugar cane or cotton. The finished product is generally what individuals actually use-sugar in one's coffee or cotton to remove one's makeup. Raw materials and finished goods are generally sold from country to country in Europe; one country tends to focus on certain goods, while another focuses on others, and they formulate exchanges or purchases in order to obtain what they need.
People living in underdeveloped and developing countries often have very low standards of living and do not benefit a great deal from modern medical care and attention. Catholic teaching explains that this is wrong and that everyone is entitled opportunities to benefit from God's bounty.
When man finds these principles acceptable he recognizes them as determinants for his moral duties and actions. That is, his will actuates his actions and sets moral standards (Berkhof 1996, p. 106).
Under the ‘Hill’s’ brand, the company also manufactures products, especially for veterinary purposes. Its headquarters is on Park Avenue, Midtown Manhattan at New York City. Moreover, the company is also considered as a leading global manufacturer as well as the marketer of soap, toothpaste and a wide range of hygiene care products.
This was because of the Stock Market Crash in 1929 that destroyed the Value of the Senior Americans retirement savings where the bank failures caused even further damages. Therefore, the social security was comprised of the Survivors, old age and
8 Pages(2000 words)Term Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Catholic Areas of Europe before 1570 for FREE!