The North is mostly made of developed countries of the West including Europe and North America. As countries become more wealthy and developed, they may be considered to be part of the North with no regard to their geographical location (Kacowicz, 566).
With regard to the current economic, political and social problems facing international relations, many analysts have used a number of theories that seek to attribute some of the global challenges to the divide between the wealthy countries of the North and the poorer countries of the South. For example critics of the North-South divide argue that the Rich countries have always embraced Capitalism which has ensured that they always have a comparative advantage over the less developed countries with regard to accumulation of wealth. In this regard, the countries of the North are believed to have accumulated their wealth by dispossessing and exploiting the resources of the under developing countries of the South. Additionally rich countries have also been blamed for using the current globalization trends such as the establishment of free market economies to exploit the less developed countries to the extend that they depend on the wealthy countries of the North for their economic survival (Robin and Cavanagh, 22). Consequently the current global challenges such as terrorism, armed conflicts and poverty are being blamed on the unhealthy relationships between the countries which tend to marginalize the disadvantaged countries while at the same