The apartheid regime was marked by racial discrimination and harsh and oppressive legislature mandated to enforce this heinous activities. However, South Africa was able grow in terms of infrastructure as compared to the other African states. …
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South Afircan History: Apartheid and Resistance
Apartheid is a system of governance that was employed in the nation of South Africa by the Dutch colonial masters. On that note, it can be defined comprehensively as a system that was characterised by racial segregation as the major ideology that was in fact documented in the laws and vehemently carried out by the national party which was the ruling party at the time. Apparently, this era was characterised by the undermining of the voice and right of the majority of the people who were black in skin complexion and the upholding of the minority rule of the colonial masters (Madikizela, 98). On a similar theme, the origin of this form of governance was traced back to the aftermath of the Second World War. Evidently, research shows that discrimination on the basis of race in the state of South Africa began way back before the incorporation of the apartheid system of government. On that note, evidence suggests the previous colonial masters of South Africa; British and the Dutch employed the idea of racial segregation in their leadership strategies. Notably, the system of apartheid was officially incorporated in to the South African state in the year 1948 following a general election that was held in the same year. This was followed by the adoption of the new laws that was mandated to classify the inhabitants into the races. For instance, they were classified in terms of four major groups. On the same point, in terms of skin colour; black, white, coloured and Indian. Furthermore, the coloured were diversely classified into other categories (Madikizela, 82). In addition to that, the apartheid system also postulated that this segregation would extend further into residential areas and other aspects of the social structure of a society for instance educational institutions and hospitals. On the same note, the system advocate for strict measures as a result of failure to adhere to the regulations. For instance, forceful evictions were employed in the case of settlement in areas that are segregated for a particular group. Moreover, prison sentences and hefty fines were also a method of ensuring that the apartheid rules of segregation are followed to the letter (Cooper& William, 209). Apartheid system of governance in South Africa was characterised by the removal of non-white representation in the government. On that note, the rulers ensured this through the abolition of the legislation that advocates for that action in the year of 1970 to be precise. As a result of this action, the inhabitants of the nation of black descent lost their citizenship and were forced be citizens of the self-governing homelands; the Bantustans which consequently, become independent states in the subsequent years that followed. However, this segregation ideology was able favour the people of the white descent and undermines individuals of the black race. On that note, the government was able to provide services for instance medical health care that was inferior and less effective as compared to their counterparts of the white race (Coetzee, 156). Consequently, this was able to fuel internal resistance that purposed to address the inequality of distribution and delivery of services on the basis of race. Notably, it is recorded in history, that since the year 1950, a number uprisings have emerged in a bid to oppose the apartheid system of segregation and also to address the grievances of the black people. However, the rulers were able to stop these uprisings through imprisoning of the leaders that headed the resistance and in the legislation front, the passed laws that prohibited the formation opposition parties citing them as a forum that could create a forum for their overthrowing. However, despite, these drastic actions reforms in the apartheid system of governance in the 1980’s failed to stop the political revolution that was building up and consequently, this led to the attaining of independence of the South Africa. This meant that the end of apartheid era following the
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