Lebanon crisis of 1958 was the result of Chamoun and his social policies. He was a man of great ambition who was unwilling to share power with the legitimate political and traditional leaders of the various sects in Lebanon. …
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In Lebanon, the big problem was the fragile nature of the social and political structure of the country. Lebanon was a multi-confessional state with Christians and Muslims sharing power. The new Government appointed by President Chamoun in 1956 seemed to tilt more towards the West. On January 5, 1957, President Eisenhower appeared before Congress to announce a new US policy for the Middle East. He asked Congress to pass a resolution authorizing economic assistance and the use of US forces to prevent a Communist takeover in the Middle East (Meo 132-144). Lebanon was the only Arab country to announce publicly its support for the doctrine. The decision by President Chamoun to endorse the new US policy, and accept aid under the terms of the Middle East Resolution, caused a major foreign policy rift between the Government and the opposition in Lebanon and led to the formation of the united National Front, an opposition grouping composed of Muslims and Christians (Meo 132-144)
This rift coincided with Chamoun's plans to amend the electoral law before the elections in June 1957. The passage of the new law increased the number of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and had a direct impact on the outcome of the elections, outside influences also affected the outcome. The United States provided covert funds for pro-Government candidates, while Egypt and Syria supported and funded the opposition (Eveland 248-250).
Since assuming the Presidency, Camille Chamoun had made a determined effort to destroy the power of the feudal landowners who formed the backbone of the Lebanese political system.
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However it must be noted that the extent to which non-state actors are covered in a foreign policy is significantly lower than the other grounds. The principal concern of a foreign policy is to highlight the relationship between the country’s internal and external environment.
Guided by those who have set out on similar journeys, I have grown increasingly aware of its ever-changing impact across the globe and intermingled nature of such an impact with peoples' health, their lifestyles and their daily activities. Writing about global warming can be a daunting task.
Secondly, the paper analyzes the events and actions that occurred in regard to foreign affairs during the Eisenhower administration. The paper also discusses the effects of the diplomatic efforts on the U.S. and other nations. Lastly, the paper discusses the disadvantages and advantages of the Eisenhower doctrine on foreign policy.
The oil blockade was not only meant to demonstrate these nation’s vibrant power that they had on the supply of oil products to the whole world but also to protest against the Western nations and US which took the side with Israel against Egypt in the Yom Kippur war which caused the increase of price of petrol from just $3 per barrel to $12 per barrel in the year 1973.
Instead, divisions are a consequence of blood ties and loyalties. The Lebanese give their allegiance to their blood ties and define themselves in terms of familial affiliation. As such, there is, for example, no unity among the Druze or the Maronites but divisions within these religious sects dependant upon blood toes and allegiances.
Paul Ariss (President of the Syndicate of Restaurant and Café owners) has pointed out that there might be hardly 20 restaurants left after the closure of BCD. The country is incurring annual loss of $30 million from the restaurant industry.