Vices like terrorism and other forms of violence have always evolved from identity issues. Identity has been the basis of conflict in most Middle East countries since time immemorial, unless addressed the…
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Postcolonial Middle East was characterised by formation of weak states. As such, they always end up controlled by other powers due to self interest The discovery of oil in the Middle East in 1945 has enormously influenced their strength with reference to the rest of the world’s powerful states.
There are other underlying causes of war as well, like the Islamists resentment to the west especially the United States for undermining Islamic superiority. In addition, there is a considerable cultural clash especially when it comes to women rights and sexuality. The U.S has developed a rather liberal attitude towards the conduct of women in relation to participation in leadership and dressing. Moreover, the U.S has championed for lesbian and gay rights, which is against Islamic conservative laws. This incompatibility has led to squabbles between the two power blocks. Foreign intervention has helped to resolve the Middle East countries to solve their national identity issues as well as achieve social reconciliation (William and Bunton 412). This is due to failure of the Arab league to resolve their internal conflicts. This study narrows down on the cases of Lebanon, Iran and Syria.
Lebanon with a weak political regime between 1975 and 1989 became the theatre of war and haven for terrorists for groups contesting to have a role in their domestic and global geopolitics. However, Lebanon is quite diverse in its people and heritage with rich history and civilisation (Marjane 52). Lebanon’s first president was Bishara al Khur elected in 1943 and was an imperialist who had done little about the economy; he served for a two six-year term. However, Lebanon assumed full independence from the French in 1946. The next president, Shamun who silenced radicals during his regime and allowed Christians occupied most of the positions claiming their numbers were more as compared to
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European anti-Semitism was preceded by a series of anti-Semitic versions in respective epochs (Falk 5). For development and convenience, it is imperative to have a snippet of these versions. First, in the ancient Greece and Rome, we had before-Christian anti-Semitism that was mainly ethnic.
The American Revolutionary War was both bloody and costly but the American republican army regained strategic control in all regions and rebuilt the new nation founded with ideological precept of independence, enlightenment and liberalism which became the pillars of Republican worldview.
Said suggests that Western scholarship of the Middle East reveals “a subtle and persistent Eurocentric prejudice against Arabo-Islamic peoples and their culture”. Said is convinced that, previously, the United States and Europe viewed the Middle East as the source of oil and petroleum or the source of terrorist threats.
He begins his essay emphatically by stating “The day Islam gave a new concept of values and standards to mankind and showed the way to learn these values and standards, it also provided it with a new concept of human relationships. Islam came to return man to his Sustainer and to make is guidance the only source from which values and standards are to be obtained, as He is the Provider and Originator.
The two nations were previously under Turkish rule, and the British managed to possess them through military war and signing of different treaties. The situation in both states was similar in terms of the political, social and economic structures. The British had been ruling Egypt for years through indirect rule and their occupation was not a surprise to the people.
This was followed by European imperialism and colonialism beginning in middle nineteenth century. It was only with the end of WWII, that the states in the region began a journey towards self rule but that too was marked by formation of weak national states and external interference by the great powers of the day.
Colonized by the Ottoman Empire during the 17th century and much of the 18th centuries and during much of the 18th and 19th centuries by Britain and France, the Middle East has endured the reign of foreign influences affecting its modern day political realities.
There is a lot of misunderstanding which then leads to hatred and hostility. Racial and class issue existed in West Side Story as it does in Middle East Story; more or less keeping that hatred and conflict in similar context. A third major difference is added to this story that intensifies the conflict; religious difference.
While history is filled with plethora of Western culture documenting assimilation from the Western point of view, very few evidences are available which present the East peoples point of view of adaptation. As a