Number: Cold War and Aid to Africa during Cold War Political Historical Context of the Cuban Missile Crisis The main link between the Cuban missile crisis and the cold war was that this crisis marked the climax of the cold war…
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The group was divided into two that is those who wanted a military action of invasion to take place and those who advocated for a diplomatic action of eradicating the missiles. After eight days the US president organized a blockade of Cuba and all the military forces in the US were prepared to launch the blockade according to Bostdorff (63). This led to a more tension between the US and the Soviet Union thus intensifying the cold war. Flights of reconnaissance continued to take spy over Cuba and the same time the two nations that is US and the Soviet Union continued to exchange warnings. Finally the Soviet Union President Khrushchev declared the countries withdraw of the missiles from Cuba according to D'Anieri (54). As a result the United States also withdrew its missiles from Turkey which threatened the Soviet Union. After the Cuban Missiles crisis a hotline was installed between the two nations so as to resolve such treats in the future. Kennedy’s Assessment of Handling the Crisis and the Various Kinds of Advice Given Kennedy’s later assessment of the Cuban crisis was that if he has decided to follow the advice of the military force on the issue the US would have failed in handling the Cuban Missile crisis leading to the painful crisis ever. During the various white houses meeting Kennedy held with his advisers, he received various options regarding the solution to the crisis. Kennedy chose his advisers from various areas in order to gain a wide range of proposals according to Siracusa (67). On the first day of the first meeting, everyone in the meeting advocated for bombing of Cuba. However Kennedy and others favored a surgical attack which they considered equal to the scale of attack from the Soviet Union. By the third day of the crisis an advice came from the Secretary General of states who suggested a US surprise attack to Cuba. The Executive Committee (ExComm) itself had six solutions which it advised the president on concerning the Cuban missiles one of them was taking no action which would put the country in danger and make the president look weak. The second was appealing for help from the United Nations but could not work since the then UN chairman of its security councils was from the Soviet Union. The third option was a secret approach to Castro, however this could not work since the weapons were possessed by Soviet Union not Castro. Their other possible advice was an attack on Cuba through this would lead to nuclear war according to Bostdorff (54). The fifth advice was to undertake a surgical air strike which would eliminate all missile sites. However this would have led to third world War, therefore the most favored advice of the ExComm was the blockade which was aggressive enough and gave Khrushchev a second thought on the crisis. Aid to Africa during and After the Cold War During the cold War Donors geographical political objectives weakened the worthiness of threats to determine distribution of aid based on the adoption of the democratic modifications. Particularly during this period, aid to African countries was mostly allocated based on political allegiance as opposed to performance as suggested by Segell (206). As a result this caused abuse and other cases absolute theft of world wide assistance by the fraudulent government official. Strategic alliance was the major driving force in development assistance since the security imperatives controlled the
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He used that term in the context of how world at that time was under the threat of nuclear warfare, and so how there may be “peace that is no peace”, calling it the permanent “cold war”. In the same context, he directly referred to that Cold War as a kind of ideological conflict that was happening between the Soviet Union and other Western countries.
The two superpowers set guidelines for maintaining peace, whose guiding principle was that an act of aggression by any single state would be met by a collective response from all the other states. This security system was to respond collectively to threats or attacks in all states.
As most of Europe was devastated by the war, the US soon emerged as one of the major economic and political powers. The Soviet Union was also able to rebuild and was eyeing improvements in its military capability. This same military prowess was also one of the major goals of the US.
join either of the forces as surrogates. The latter supported the opposing forces through the provision of economic or military aid, and these involved provision of weapons, military advisors as well as the needed tactical support.2 The term "Cold War" has been used to reveal the cold relationship that came about between the United States and the USSR immediately after the WWII that separated the East and the West because of the World supremacy battle.3It is clear that what these two nations were fighting for was World supremacy in terms of becoming the most powerful nation in the World.
First and foremost, the warfare shattered much of the prestige and power of Europe (Sanders, Nelson, Morillion and Ellenberger 190). It also gave rise to two superpowers, the US and USSR, which assumed leadership of world affairs. After the battle against the Axis powers of Italy, Germany and Japan, both the U.S.
The author of this essay gives a definition of the Cold War. He assumes that the Cold War can be defined as the conflicts of interests between the two superpowers, the United States of America and the Soviet Union, in the post Second World War period. It existed from 1947 to 1991. In the end the author makes an analytical conclusion.
However, this war revolutionized interstate, national, regional, and international relations and interactions among global political players. In light of the Cold War, the world is more stable.
In the post-Cold War era, many countries embarked on
Despite their collaboration to defeat a common enemy, Japan, their engagement in the war, just masked the contempt they had for each other. Economic competition and political conflict characterized the Cold War, even
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