The essay gives detailed information about the quantity of adult infected population in Africa. It is the worst hit continent in the world by HIV/AIDS. Botswana has 35.8% and South Africa - 19.9% people with HIV. Zimbabwe life expectancy has dropped from 65 to 43 years as a direct result of HIV/AIDS…
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Nudging government along, complementing and sometimes substituting for official programmes, have been efforts by mission hospitals, churches, NGOs, community-based organisations and concerned individuals. This response has reflected a genuine outpouring of compassion and concern for fellow human beings as well as an attempt to channel anxiety in productive ways and gain some control over an unwelcome and frightening threat to well-being. The dynamics of these non-official or non-governmental responses bear some resemblance to those which occurred in North America and Europe during this same period.
In the African context, however, community action was not so much a consequence of the vacuum left by governments, initially unwilling to acknowledge the threat of the crisis and to come to the aid of a section of the population already stigmatised by what some regarded as aberrant sexuality. There was considerable denial among the ranks of government officers in African countries, as elsewhere, followed by scapegoating and finger pointing. However, the fundamental problem was less unwillingness to act than lack of resources, exacerbated even further by the effects of structural adjustment directives.
Collective action at community level has been encouraged in Tanzania and Zambia, as across much of the continent, precisely because of the limited capacity of governments to meet the needs engendered by the emergency. However, those at the ‘grassroots’ are also hampered by limited resources.
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Demographic transition is made up of four different stages (phase I-IV). During phase I, equilibrium in population size persists. High rate of mortality is seen owing to absence of modern facilities. High infant mortality is seen but this is
In Zambia one quarter of the city population is infected and one in seven people are infected in rural areas (Feachem 2007:Internet). In contrast to this these tragic statistics, in Uganda, there is now a real prospect of an almost AIDS-free generation of high-school-age children (anon2 2006:Internet).
Currently, Africa hosts about 15 per cent of the world’s population, however, 70 percent of world’s victims are in Africa. In 2009, 72 percent of the world’s death because of AIDS came solely from Africa. The sub-Saharan part of Africa has more AIDS victims than any other part in the world (Douglas 2).
Demography entails the study of population structures, the growth, and spread of populations, socio-economic and political issues among a host of other factors. It entails in its core efforts, the study and analysis of population growth, the spread of human populace to different regions, due to the region’s specific characteristics and features, and socio-economic and political issues that have either positive or negative impacts to the spread and placement of a population (Barbier, 2011, p.
The author states that the decisive democratic transformation by South Africa has been a source of inspiration for civilization. Only a few analysts predicted such radical progress, considering the bloody and long history of the country against apartheid. Today, many parts of the African continent and across the world are experiencing civil wars.
It is one of the most devastating health problems that caused death to many people of the world. Africa is the mostly affected region in the world. Its population constitutes 11% of the world and is home to 60% of people in the world living with HIV. The severity of the problem cannot be just set aside since every year, millions of Africans died pointlessly of a disease that is otherwise avoidable.
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