The Non – Governmental organisations are important parts of the society and have a dominant role in shaping the society as well as the development of the international scenario. The function of the NGOs is on two aspects…
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The Non – Governmental organisations are important parts of the society and have a dominant role in shaping the society as well as the development of the international scenario. The function of the NGOs is on two aspects. On one hand they provide services to people or communities of people who are vulnerable from the point of view of the society. Along with this they are dominant policy advocates for campaigning. East Africa is that part of the globe which is exposed to the curse of HIV/AIDS and a huge population of that area is affected by this disease. In the last two decades this region has witnessed a drop in the prevalence especially because Kenya has improved in way of reducing the prevalence of the disease in the country from 14% to at a much lower rate at 5%. However, several other areas of East Africa has emerge which are considered to be some of the highest risk areas since the population in these areas is on the rise. The spread of HIV/AIDS occurs mainly due to the users of drugs, the prisoners as well as the people who are involved in the military services. The main reason for the spread of such life taking diseases is the lack of awareness among the people. The NGOs in this region or in the other parts of the globe have a significant role in the spreading of the awareness regarding this disease and to prevent the spread of the disease in this area.This essay would try to investigate the role of the Non-government organisations in the countries of East Africa, which is the area which is second most affected by HIV/AIDS. The areas of work and supervision where the NGOs are active are being looked into and how the performance of the NGOs has contributed to the development of these areas and improvement in the health standards of East Africa. The data and information collected for this essay is secondary data from scholarly resources like books, journals and online resource which has supported the subject matter of the essay. What is NGO? The role of Non Governmental Organisations has become prominent in the last two decades at the international, national as well as the local levels across the globe. The NGOs act as the main catalysts for bringing about changes in the society by addressing the problems of the society. In common parlance the term NGO would denote a wide range of institutions that would have the characteristics of being Non profit, representative of the civil society as well as voluntary in nature regarding the sphere of activities. Thus it is important to distinguish between the different types of NGOs that exist. First of all the NGOs might be membership organisations that would have the people who would come forward to help being interested in a particular issue or collective issues. There may also be an intermediary NGO which would work on behalf of any particular group. The definition of NGOs and their significance have varied from country to country. For instance in the UK, NGO is looked at as an alternative for charitable organisations (Lewis and Kanji, 2009, pp. 1-4). This tradition has come down from the values that the Church has instilled in the men for helping the fellowmen in need. Thus the NGOs in the UK are mainly governed by the laws relating to charity according to the principles of Christianity. On the other hand in the United
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(What Is NGO'S The Role in Raising HIV/AIDS Awareness in East Africa Essay)
“What Is NGO'S The Role in Raising HIV/AIDS Awareness in East Africa Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1498673-what-is-ngos-the-role-in-raising-hivaids-awareness-in-east-africa.
Currently, Africa hosts about 15 per cent of the world’s population, however, 70 percent of world’s victims are in Africa. In 2009, 72 percent of the world’s death because of AIDS came solely from Africa. The sub-Saharan part of Africa has more AIDS victims than any other part in the world (Douglas 2).
The exclusion criteria involved the removal of the duplicates, articles not relevant to the topic, those that lack conclusive data as well as other reasons. The main factors that will form the scope of the study include HIV/AIDS prevalence in Zambia, policy overview, interventions, recommendations and challenges.
In 1982 the term “acquired immunodeficiency syndrome” was coined to describe the array of symptoms noted in individuals with AIDS. The underlying cause of the array is a depressed immune response characterized by the appearance of opportunistic infections, so-called because they are caused by organisms which do not cause disease in healthy individuals.
However, there are also CD4+cells within the central nervous system, these being the microglial cells which are of monocyte or macrophage lineage. These cells can be productively infected by HIV in vitro, and in vivo there is evidence of an HIV-induced cytopathic effect since syncytia-like, multi-nucleated cells are seen in the brains of HIV-infected individuals.
Immunodeficiency is a condition that leaves human beings susceptible to infection by the natural defect of the immune system or by viral infections like AIDS (Leksmono, 2008). In the UK, the death of a 49-year-old man in Brompton Hospital, London in 1981, due to a very weak immune system, may have been the first recorded case of HIV/AIDS.
The paper gives the information about how hard is the life for people who are dying and living with HIV/AIDS in Sub-Sharan. It highlights how the international agencies can play their role in helping the transnational pharmaceutical corporations to sustain while selling drugs to these developing nations of Africa.
This paper takes a look at how we can ethically justify and challenge the reluctance of the major transnational pharmaceutical corporations in playing an active role for the eradication of this menace. Also in the later parts, we see how the
The author of the essay states that HIV is the virus that causes the gradual collapse of the immune system that enables AIDS diseases such as Pneumocystis pneumonia, Kaposi’s sarcoma and a host of other conditions to affect the patient. It should be pointed out, risk behaviors for receiving HIV are unprotected sex and needle sharing among injectable drug users.
In the first article HIV/AIDS Epidemic Still Ravaging African Countries by VOA’s Kim Lewis, the author dispels the notion that some of the African countries are winning the war against HIV/AIDS. The article asserts that the pandemic
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