Mohandas Karamchad Gandhi is one of the influencing personalities of modern history. He is well-known mostly because of his involvement with the fate of Modern India, a country which is greatly indebted to him for its independence in 1947…
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This involvement with the emergence of India brings Gandhi the fame as a political figure. He spent a significant part of his life as a political activist in the Congress, one of the two major political parties of India under the British rule. Though he had been an active political figure, his political activities were bordered on the verge of social reformations which could successfully bring him the landslide faith and support from the common Indians. Indeed the question whether he was primarily a political figure or a social will continue to engender debate till one fails to pursue the true Gandhian nationalist zeal. The son of a senior British Government clerk, Gandhi adamantly believed in the soul of democracy and the formal democratic politics.1 Therefore, Gandhi, once the devout British patriot who once worked publicly to earn the Indians’ support for the British Army’s war against Zulu Kingdom in 1906, could not call for the violent liberation war that, causing much bloodshed, could have destroyed the British-induced political reform in India.2 Prior to his experience of successful civil-disobedience or non-violent protest against the segregation Act of the Transvaal Government in 1906, he became familiar with British democratic political culture, while he was studying law in London. Later his experience of the success of ‘Satyagraha’ further provided him a political insight into the non-violent public protest against the tyranny of a political system.3 Indeed Gandhi’s political insight and experience urged him to assume the role of a social reformer. His pose as a social reformer only served his political purpose of uniting the Indians to emerge as a strong political force. Also for the same reason, he did not have his own pure political or social philosophy. His personal philosophy was more of a loose collection of ideas that a strict structure of thought. Indeed Gandhi was a great political leader under the apparel of a social-reformer. Brief Background of Gandhi’s Concept of Satyagraha Gandhi, once the Barrister in South Africa was inspired to put his wholehearted faith in Satyagraha, the heart of his civil-disobedience.4 This barrister was sagacious enough to perceive the power of public unity and support in a modern democratic state. He adopted the Civil-disobedience policy as a means of political protest which could simultaneously sustain the state and create pressure on it toward the intended end. Indeed this protest policy of civil disobedience could sustain the basic form of a government through non-violent defiance, while forcing her to compromise with the defiant civil group.5 But the success of civil disobedience crucially pivots on the weight, of the defiance of protesters, which in democracy is considered as the volume of support. With this new insight, in 1915, Gandhi returned at a critical moment when India was rolling into a democratic political environment from the shadow of the British colonial rule. Gandhi the barrister with his new political insight was wise enough not to jeopardize the prospect India, then, the child of democracy.6 During the 1910s the democracy was budding through the National Congress Party; it was the age when the literate Indians had already adapted with the democratic environment and the rural underdeveloped Indians were waiting for a leader who could lead to the light of democracy. Indeed Gandhi fulfilled this very need of a leader who could raise political awareness among the common Indians only to strengthen the Indians’ voice for independence.7 If Gandhi had called for violent resistance
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WM. M. BLACKBURN 1868, 12-20) It is by this lie, that Ulrich Zwingli stretched his dowel in the direction of reformation of the church. The flagrant corruption, and “the lie of celibacy” were a constant thorn in the belief that Ulrich held in his conviction to the true cause of Christ; But not without the controversy of expulsion and severing of the ties with Rome.
From the time when the human race of the globe came into existence, the civilizations have also been into presence and structure. In other words, the world is a hodgepodge of multifarious cluster of cultures, races, and societies. For as long as anyone can remember, the diverse and various civilizations of the world have come under governance of the dominating emperors and royal leaders.
A Comparison between Gandhi and Albert Camus OUTLINE Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi [1898-1947] and Albert Camus [1913-1960] were almost contemporaries. Both were political thinkers and players. Any direct links between them in would be a bit superficial but both were great humanists and cared for the world around them [Dasgupta].
According to the paper since the development of social media tools, there has been considerable change in how people communicate and access information. New media, and especially social media has greatly influenced political processes in the recent past, and it continues to do so more than ever, in many parts of the globe. Social media does play several roles in politics in countries throughout the world considering that through it many voters can find an avenue through which to express themselves.
During the heat of the space race in the 1960s, NASA decided it needed a ballpoint pen to write in the zero gravity confines of its space capsules. After considerable research and development, the Astronaut Pen was developed at a cost of approximately $1 million US dollars.
The fruits of their efforts in the political, economic and social sectors is living proof of their innumerable contribution As the custodians of the most basic social, political and economic unit, the family, the responsibility they hold and challenges they face cannot go unnoticed.
Gandhi depicts the rise of Gandhi, from being a lawyer of racial injustice in South Africa to a transformational leader in India. Attenborough (1982) showed how Gandhi started his non-violent approach to conflict management, when he realized the intensity and extent of racial discrimination against Indians in South Africa.
Undoubtedly, he left an indelible mark on Indian social and political scene and provided a new direction to the country. Even today, his principles are followed hugely in India and many parts of the world whenever any protest is to be launched against the establishment.
In a state of social equality, the behaviors, needs and aspirations of both genders are equally considered (UNESCO, 2000, p.5). But the society is stratified and prejudice, that the existence of social equality in a real and
This type of protest is most successful when enacted against nations that follow some type of democratic process, and that support human dignity. In more brutish societies or dictatorial regimes, the concept of civil
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