Suez Canal Crisis of 1956 - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
The Suez Canal is an artificial waterway which connects the Mediterranean and the Red Sea. It is a 160 km long channel which is made through the Sinai Desert. The canal was designed by a French engineer Ferdinand de Lesseps. …
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.9% of users find it useful
Suez Canal Crisis of 1956
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Suez Canal Crisis of 1956"

Download file to see previous pages To undertake construction Ferdinand de Lesseps created a company with Egyptian partners known as the Universal Suez Ship Canal Company. At the time the Ottoman Empire had influence and control over Egypt’s politics. The economic crisis forced Egypt’s ruler to sell his shares of the Universal Suez Ship Canal Company to England. England now had considerable share in the operation of the canal along with French investors, whereas Egypt lost control over the canal and its profits. The period saw great turmoil and the wars made the potential and strategic importance of the canal apparent to all forces. The British Imperial Empire had colonies across the world and the canal proved to be essential for trade. In 1882 Egypt was invaded by the British and the country was termed an indispensable possession of the British Empire. The canal became a super highway for the British to link its trade to its colonies in East Africa, India, and Australia. Egyptian rebel groups tried to push British Colonial Empire but were not successful.
2. Weakening of the British Colonial Empire
After the World War II, the British Empire faced economic difficulties to maintain its colonial empire. The Indian subcontinent was left after the war and the British forces were weakened. The time saw an uprising among the Egyptians to phase out the British from the country. The British maintained presence of a garrison at Suez to protect her strategic interests. The British were allowed to maintain presence of 10,000 troops on the basis of Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 (Tucker 107). But Egyptian rebel groups started gaining popularity of the masses and pressure increased over Britain to vacate the area. The events ultimately led to a coup in 1952 and finished kingship in the country. Egypt was made a republic by the key member of the coup and the new president of Egypt Gamal Abdel Nasser. 3. Nationalization of Suez Canal Gamal Abdel Nasser was the second president of Egypt and gathered support against the colonialist. He shifted cooperation of Egypt towards the Soviets and the actions were against the two super powers of the time, the British and the French. He was viewed as a great threat by the two forces. At the time the US had very less influence in the Middle East. Its main ally in the region was Saudi Arabia. Gamal Abdel Nasser moved towards Saudi Arabia for its future ties and the US saw an opportunity to increase influence in the region. The biggest step that Gamal took against the British and the French was perhaps the nationalization of the Suez Canal on 26 July 1956 (Witte 51). This step was the basis of this crisis. The British and the French militaries were exhausted and their economies were at a low stage. Gamal took over the Suez Canal without firing a single shot and the Suez Canal came under Egypt. He cancelled the Anglo-Egyptian Treaty of 1936 and forced the British to vacate the canal within the next 20 months (Tucker 107). This was a surprise move by the army and the British forces were not given a chance to react. The Suez Canal Company was frozen and all its shareholders were given the share. 4. Buildup of Egyptian Army Foreseeing the threats, Gamal used his newly developed relations to build up his army on modern weapons through an arms deal with Czechoslovakia (DeRouen and Heo 346). These weapons were from the Soviets and the two countries became close allies. The Soviets equipped Egypt with modern tanks and its air force with fighters and bombers. Artillery guns were given to Egypt and Self Propelled Artillery pieces were procured from the Soviets to move along with the tanks in the desert ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Suez Canal Crisis of 1956 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1397637-case-study-of-suez-crisis-of
(Suez Canal Crisis of 1956 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/history/1397637-case-study-of-suez-crisis-of.
“Suez Canal Crisis of 1956 Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1397637-case-study-of-suez-crisis-of.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
lc
lconroy added comment 8 months ago
Student rated this paper as
Nice paper! Used it to finish an assignment for a history course. It was easy as ABC, for the first time in my life.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Suez Canal Crisis of 1956

Suez Crisis

...?THE SUEZ CRISIS OF 1956 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 2. THE SUEZ CANAL 3. FACTORS WHICH CONTRIBUTED TO THE BEGINNING OF THE CRISIS 4. THE CRISIS 5. HOW DID THE CRISIS END 6. THE AFTERMATH OF THE CRISIS 7. CONCLUSION REFERENCE LIST 1. INTRODUCTION The Suez crisis took place from the 26th of July 1956. It was also known as the Tripartite Aggression. However, armed conflict only took place between 29th October 1956 and 6th November of the same year. This part of the Crisis is also referred to as “The Seven Day...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Suez Canal Crisis

...the transportation ships forced to navigate around Africa to reach Europe from Asia. The construction of Suez Canal made the transportation of good between these two regions easier. Suez Canal crisis occurred in 1956 when a war broke out between France, Britain, and Israel against Egypt. The invasion of Egypt by Israel caused problems in the good transportation between Asia and Europe which forced Britain and France to issue a joint ultimatum to the concerning parties; Egypt and Israel. They started to bomb Egypt shortly after the ultimatum given which is believed to be a preplanned attack with the knowledge of Israel. This paper...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper

Panama Canal expansion

...of Ferdinand de Lesseps who built Suez Canal. This was a large scale project undertaken by people who had little prior experience in canal construction. They faced several challenges including minimal workforce, diseases and lack of funding. The geology of the region also posed a challenge to the construction work. A second company, the Compagnie Nouvelle du Canal de Panama, was contracted to complete the construction (Mack, 1944, p.24-26). After the American government the requested French machinery for construction, work officially began in 1904. Despite the challenges encountered in constructing the canal, Panama Canal was completed a...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Grand Canyon Crash of 1956

...United Airlines Flight 718, Mainliner Vancouver, registration N6324C, was a Douglas DC-7 en route from Los Angeles's International Airport to Chicago, Newark and Philadelphia on June 30, 1956. Trans World Airlines Flight 2, Star of the Seine, registration N6902C, was a Lockheed Super Constellation en route from Los Angeles to Kansas City and New York City. The two aircraft collided in mid-air over the Grand Canyon, killing all 128 aboard both aircraft. The airspace was getting too crowded and Congress passed in 1958 the Federal Aviation Act. This act lead, in 1967, to the creation of Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) and the Department of Transportation (DOT). The agency was established to run a broad Air Traffic Control (ATC) system... ...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Applied international macroeconomics projet between 1956 1986

...sectors. Historically, Tunisian economy has gone through different periods of growth and stability alternating with short periods of crisis and instability. Its has gone through a transition periods of a centrally planned economy to a more privately managed economy and the stabilization (since 1956 to 1970) , and structural reform programs 1986-87. W can divide this entire period of economic developments into two sub- periods namely; - Transition period of a centrally planned to a more privately managed economy and the stabilization (1956- 1970), and - An era of structural reform programs (1971- 1986). Transition Period of a Centrally Planned to a more...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Panama and suez canals

...The Panama and Suez Canal. The Panama Canal has a total length of 77 kilometers and joins the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. The history of the Panama Canal dates back to approximately the 16th century. The Panama Canal is called a ship canal because it was specifically constructed for the passage of ships headed for the ocean and was opened in 1914. The Suez Canal is also known as the Highway to India. The Canal is in Egypt and connects the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea and is a man made water route. The canal was opened in November 1869, and is a sea level...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

The Erie Canal

...Insert The Erie Canal The building of the Erie Canal, which extends for 363 miles, measuring an estimated 40 feet in breadth and four feet in depth, was raised 573 feet in a chain of 83 curls (Dickinson 32). The canal extends from Albany to Buffalo, is a major development in the United States. Its completion in 1825 after eight years of construction, established a water front that runs from the Atlantic Ocean through the Hudson River to the Great Lakes (Clinton 34). The remarkable growth witnessed in the American mainland is attributed to the project: the Erie Canal connected the Midwest and the East on several respects, including economic and political issues. It formed...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

The love canal case

...Love Canal Case Module Module ID: The Paper: It is a fact beyond suspicion that almost all prudent, disciplined and compassionate corporate firms and organizations strongly believe in the remarkable business principle that a company should be more concerned, considerate and benevolent by sticking to the policy of paying more heed to public interest than to its personal business interests, benefits and ventures, (Nash, 2010:20). Consequently, sometimes the companies have to undergo heavy financial losses while allocating its funds in public interest; the same could also be viewed by witnessing the compensation made by Hooker’s Occidental Company in the famous Love Canal case (Business Week, 1978). By going through the case, under... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Article

Risk Management in Panama Canal

... Risk management on various business risks in Panama Canal is important to potential and current investors in Panama. This paper will examineseveral risks that may occur and different ways through which one can manage these risks. In the management of risks, it is important to carry out risk analysis in the area. Risk analysis refers to the techniques employed by individuals, businesses, organizations and government agencies to identify and evaluate factors hindering achievement of objectives and project success. The papers highlights different risk analysis techniques that are applicable in analyzing risk, in Panama Canal. Risk analysis techniques used in forecasting are categorized in either qualitative or quantitative methods... ....
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Panama Canal Lock Case Study

...Case Study: The Guton Lock The Guton Lock is one of the three locks that are used in the Panama Canal to raise ships to the level up to the sea way level. The Guton Lock lifts ships up to 25.9 meters right to the level of the Panama Canal (Ulrich 5). Working of the Guton Locks There are three locks for lifting the ship and three other ones for lowering. Each of the six locks has two chambers. This is designed so to facilitate two way transits, thus, reducing traffic (McCartney 16). This therefore required the design of the wall to be done and constructed in a way the withstand horizontal forces from the two sides. The whole of the Guton Lock system works in three steps. The ship enters the first chamber at the Guton lock... like in the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Suez Canal Crisis of 1956 for FREE!

Contact Us