Nobody downloaded yet

Franco-British Cooperation: Its role in shaping NATO - Essay Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
During the height of the transatlantic crisis in 2003, Franco-British relations declined due to several disputes and conflicts on foreign policies over the European Union (EU) and the U.S. This includes the incident where France was held responsible for British casualties in the war in Iraq…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94% of users find it useful
Franco-British Cooperation: Its role in shaping NATO
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Franco-British Cooperation: Its role in shaping NATO"

Download file to see previous pages However, despite the Franco-British conflicts, European Security and Defence Policy (ESDP) still remained as a priority policy for both nations (Howorth 2003). In the span of four years, the security and defence policy had rapid development and progress that will soon shape and have great implications in reviving the Atlantic Alliance and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). In 2000, the ESDP was born through the unison of France and UK at a summit meeting between British Prime Minister Tony Blair and French President Jacques Chirac in Saint-Malo. With the policy’s steady progress, it was set to take over several peacekeeping operations of NATO in Balkan through the tight cooperation of France and UK military forces (Howorth 2003). Arising disputes regarding the policy were usually due to “relations with other third countries, desired mix of military and civilian instruments, funding , procurement and industrial strategy” (Howorth 2003). The US global policies are considered compatible to ESDP and even provide aide to it in terms of providing a unified military assistance to NATO and as well as take charge on other peacekeeping mission in Europe. However, several factors in the 1990s contributed to renewed French doubts about NATO with some French officials not wanting the United States to exercise strong leadership in the alliance when Washington appeared to be giving Europe diminished priority after the Cold War ” (Congressional Research Services 2011). As the U.S. positions on involvement in the Balkan conflicts early in the 1990s, some French and other European officials questioned the alliance’s effectiveness, provided that Europeans saw the Balkan wars as a major threat to security. The United States eventually engaged its forces in the Balkans in several NATO operations. Some French officials believe that the Bush Administration distanced the United States from NATO in its efforts to create the coalitions of the willing, “a practice that in their view undermines the principles of collective defence, allied unity, and the rationale behind enlarging the alliance to bring in a broad spectrum of new governments” (Congressional Research Services 2011, pp. 13-14). The Franco-British cooperation was challenged in 2001due mainly to the differences in principle and approach of each country. While the British goes against visionary approaches, and favours pragmatism and tactics above strategy, France, on the other hand, goes the opposite, favouring strategy with their differences emerging from the different ideologies of legislators of each country. Combining the British pragmatism and French strategy provides a great strength to the policy and works like a double-edged sword that also makes it its weakness (Howorth 2003). With different perspectives and approaches to issues, more viable options are explored and ideas become more developed. Policies created were also more unbiased and really geared towards the welfare of not just one dominating country. But while this may prove to be a real strength of such alliance, it also proves to be faulty in several, if not many, cases. Such scenario disabled the group to come up with swift and decisive actions and implementations because of these differences. The September 11 terrorist attack in the US initiated an immediate response of establishing critical policies to further support the goals of ESDP and address the threats of terrorism. Blair’s speech to the Labour Union in October 2001 conveyed the sudden shift of his focus from addressing European issues to going global, with the intention of re-ordering the world. His objectives was first to support the US on its campaign of war against ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Franco-British Cooperation: Its role in shaping NATO Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1396354-franco-british-cooperation-its-role-in-shaping-nato
(Franco-British Cooperation: Its Role in Shaping NATO Essay)
https://studentshare.org/history/1396354-franco-british-cooperation-its-role-in-shaping-nato.
“Franco-British Cooperation: Its Role in Shaping NATO Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1396354-franco-british-cooperation-its-role-in-shaping-nato.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
cy
cyrusrutherford added comment 7 months ago
Student rated this paper as
Wonderful work done on the "Franco-British Cooperation: Its role in shaping NATO.". I think it is the best essay I have seen so far.

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Franco-British Cooperation: Its role in shaping NATO

British Petroleum: Transforming Its Strategy

...British Petroleum: Transforming Its Strategy Introduction The origin of British Petroleum dates back to the early 20th century and the oil deposit discovery in Persia, currently known as Iran, which resulted in the establishment of the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in 1909. It is in 1914 that the British government took a large interest in the Anglo-Persian Company to such an extent that it was given a go ahead to supply oil for the Royal Navy during the First World War (Christiansen 2002). The company has since then emerged as one of the World’s top three oil corporations since its merger with Amoco in 1998. When judged by its market...
7 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

The Franco-American Trade

...a substantial increase in the surplus in durable goods (over 58 billion francs, $11.6 billion), a 20 billion-franc surplus ($4 billion) in farm products, a surplus of 31 billion francs ($6.2 billion) in agri-foodstuffs, a declining energy bill and a rise of 19% in electricity exports.(Stern 47) Being a member of the European Union results in a lot of internal trading between the EU countries, hence France's European Union partners absorb 64% of its trade. According to the survey carried out in the 1990s, the country had a trade surplus of 27 billion francs ($5.4 billion) with the EU in 1995. The main trading partners of France are Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, Belgium and Spain, along with the United States. As...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Role NATO in the world

...by embedding NATO members in a process of cooperative defense planning and ensuring unity of command. The British government has progressively cut its defense expenditure (6 per cent of government spending in 2000-01) by reducing the number of armed forces personnel, ships, aircraft and equipment. It aims to depend on leaner, more flexible forces, although there have been strenuous objections to these policies from the military. The primary objectives of defence policy are to ensure the country's security and the NATO commitment and to allow British forces to engage in high-intensity war as well as in peace-keeping...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Role of Cooperation in Controlling Anarchy

...Is cooperation under anarchy difficult? Is it the central problem in IR? Introduction: This essay focuses on the importance of theoretical perspectives in explaining anarchy and examines the role of cooperation in controlling anarchy. Considering examples of health issues and other global issues, the exact relationship between cooperation and anarchy would be discussed. The research studies go on to show the differences between theories and application of anarchy and cooperation to suggest why and whether this could be the central problem within IR. Cooperation and Anarchy in IR Explaining the basic concepts of cooperation and anarchy, Caplan and Stringham (2003) points to the paradox of cooperation as it applies to anarchy... in the...
3 Pages(1000 words)Essay

International Law - UN, NATO

...and in cooperation with the relevant regional organizations, should peaceful means be inadequate'. But such a view on human rights violations have not been taken by the member states in the Security Council for all such happenings (UN News Center, 12 Jan 2007). Under similar humanitarian reasons, the Security Council voted against action on Myanmar's ruling group to stop violence against ethnic groups in Myanmar. During the debate, China explained its position like this (Frank Ching, 19 Jan 2007): '[a]ccording to the United Nations Charter, it is only those questions that constitute threats to international peace and security that warrant discussion by the Security Council.' Now this is possibly the...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

The Role of Multimodal Communication in Cooperation

...in the success of the communication systems. They decide the acting of rational agents.1 Both static and dynamic relations must be emphasised as they are important cooperative agents in the system. 3. Analysis In the analysis of multi agent systems they are specified in desire by agents and the participants. This was incorporated in framework as they inherently support interaction. According to a view, desire has a logical basis and can be provided with temporal semantics. The presence of generic classification of mental attitudes presents more precise characterisation of selected motivational attitudes. The successful communication system has a clear information exchange between tasks. The components are specified...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Franco Prussian War

... think it is possible to do a comparison between the primitive leadership of the 1800 and that of the 20th century, which is advanced. In the issues of morality and ethics, this war has a great teaching not to revenge. Napoleon III had it rough as he tried to revenge a thing that led to the fall of the second French empire and capturing of its two states. Works Cited History World international “The Franco Prussian War” Web, 08 May 2012. ... Franco Prussian War of 1870-1871 Franco Prussian War is a war that occurred between 19th July 1970 and 10th May 1971 due to a conflict arising between second French empire and Prussia. Since Prussia was a member of North German Confederation, the war made German States...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Rucial Role in Shaping the Life

...Сrucial role in shaping the life Some life’s experiences provide an individual with valuable lessons that have a big impact on their life. I consider my life as a movie with that inspirational character that plays a crucial role in shaping the life. I grew up without being aware of what happened around me. In effect, this has made me put the pieces of the puzzle that is my life together all by my own with the objective of understanding my life while old. As a young child, my elder brother and my father were the only companion I had although their busy schedules meant that I had to learn how to do many things by my own. You might be wondering where my mother was, and the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Franco Regime

...The Franco Regime A research essay proposal for: The Franco Regime This research essay proposal is about the Franco regime. General Franco remains one of the most intriguing historical figures in the Spanish history. He is known to have led the authoritarian regime, which resumed power after the civil war.1 This essay will explore the military career of General Franco having been a generalissimo of the army, being a chief of state and heading the government.2 The essay will explore the effects of his personality and how he ruled Spain.3 This essay will explore his retention of power, and how he dismissed most ministers and most decision makers during his...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Proposal

British Petroleum and its Operations

...to look for new oil wells, which would affect production output, therefore, affecting the success of the company (BP p.l.c., 2013). 2. Examine three (3) salient stakeholders of the chosen organization based on their key roles and relationships with the company. British Petroleum’s stakeholders are the numerous organisations, communities and people affected in different ways by the company’s operations in its function as an employer, an energy provider, a source of revenue or in helping various communities around the globe. British Petroleum has formed relationships with governments and regulators, franchisees, shareholders, non-governmental organizations, local...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Franco-British Cooperation: Its role in shaping NATO for FREE!

Contact Us