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Ideally, the foreign policies are supposed to protect the interests of the citizens of a particular nation. This has not always been the case. According to Steiner (2004, p. 21) the state has collective representation on different fronts. These include, Heads of state, Prime Ministers, Presidents, commissioners and ambassadors among others. It becomes a bit difficult in understanding that realy plays the leading role in foreighn policies.
According to Williams (2004, p. 910) the British foreign policy is not a product of political vacuum but rather a product of domestic factors such as the current public opinion on certain issues, pressure from global emerging issues like technology, interactive, activities from regional organization like the European Union and other transnational forces like the NGOs and other lobby groups. Ideally speaking, the ministers, government officials and other outsiders who are experienced and informed on particular issues are the ones who are supposed to formulate policies. This is on the basis of informed talks of any possible alternatives and putting into considerations relevant historical background and presidents. They also put into account the positions of any involved institutions and the legality of the proposed policy. After the formulation, the policy is interpreted by officials who later implement in order for it to attain the objective intended for. During the whole process, there are other interested parties that need to go through the policy. These are both in UK and abroad. In general the process of policy making in UK is made up of the following steps; Formulation, Interpretation, Implementation and Presentation.
The process of policy making in the UK at some point seems to be very wide and may involve all government officials and a huge number of outsiders from both foreign states and NGOs. Despite that is said that this remains to
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Also each is responsible to the electors who put him in his elevated position. Responsible too, to his party members, especially to those who have been elected into power alongside him. Nor is he completely free to act as he wishes in a unilateral way. There are checks on such activity or else both the leaders of both United States and the United Kingdom would be mere dictators.
For some, the theory may be outdated or unpopular even but its basic tenets - that of tracing the lineage of international relationships and international systems - become en vogue again as part of some countries' policy in combating global problems. According to Darby (2000), the resurgence of some elements of the dependency theory stems from two realities in international political economy: "one is material and the other is ideological," and that they "are both real and they occupy the same space at the same time" (68).
According to him, a prime minister “monopolized the counsels of the King, he closely superintended the administration, he ruthlessly controlled patronage, and he led the predominant party in parliament.” This definition gives a complete concept of how powerful a prime minister can be.
In the corporate world, power can be articulated as being upward where the subordinate manipulate the leader’s decisions or downward where the superior control their juniors (Jennings 1999,p.23). In United Kingdom, the Prime Minister is the leader of Her Majesty’s government.
The Prime Minister also drives the Labor Party's policies and is most likely to be expected to justify those policies at the time of election. The Prime Minister is a working Member of Parliament. The Prime Minister may be head of the government but he is also seen as 'primus inter pares' - first among equals .Since he chooses his Cabinet, the Prime Minister has to be seen as the head of the executive branch of government.
The term was initially used as a derogatory term indicating Monarch's pet or favourite. Professor Philip Worton in 1987, attributed four main functions to the office of the Prime Minister:
In UK system, Prime Minister has a great deal of power. With these powers, is it possible for him to be a dictator with corrupt practises Can he pay his way through to dictatorship of the worst kind in the world
The whole work of thirty chequered years of glory and obloquy struck down in a moment! The noblest prize that industry, dexterity, wit and eloquence ever obtained vanishing into nothing in the very instant in which is had been grasped!" Lord Blake (1975, p.1)1.
This is done by regulating government spending and system of taxation. When government spending is equal to tax revenue the economy has balanced budget. If government spending is less than tax revenue then there is budget surplus but on the other hand, if tax revenue
At the age of 29, Noda won the Chiba Prefecture assembly election for the first time. The former Prime Minister Naoto Kan appointed Noda as the Minister of Finance in 2010. After the resignation of Kan,