Nobody downloaded yet

How Gorbachev's regime come to an end, collapsing the Soviet Union - Research Paper Example

Comments (1) Cite this document
Summary
Soviet Union collapse.
As there were brewing tensions within the nationalities, who demanded independence from the Soviet State, and the intelligentsia, who demanded governmental reform, Gorbachev's policy of letting the people speak ultimately led to the demise of the Union, argues some commentators…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.1% of users find it useful
How Gorbachevs regime come to an end, collapsing the Soviet Union
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "How Gorbachev's regime come to an end, collapsing the Soviet Union"

Download file to see previous pages There are a variety of reasons why the Soviet Union collapsed, bringing the era of Communism with it. Wohlworth (1994-1995) states that the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War is a complex event that has no easy answers. He also states that the theories which have been put forth to explain the end of the Cold War have been weak, and that it is necessary to disaggregate the end of the Cold War to get to a theory which might be plausible. He states that there were three keys to understanding what happened with the Soviet Union at the end of the Gorbachev era. The first key is that the “decision-makers' assessments of power are what matters” (Wohlworth, 1994-1995, p. 97). In particular, Wohlworth states that power is complex and it can be thought of either in terms of capabilities or influence. Capabilities are reassessed according to new and different information about non-material elements of capability, even when there is only a slight change in the material measures. He also states that expectations inform policy, as all policies are future oriented. Therefore, a decision to reform, go to war, or retrench is contingent upon an assessment of what the future may hold. For instance, a nation may look and see that it is in decline. If this decline is reversible, then the nation may decide against a risky decision, such as warfare, and opt instead of a less-risky course of action, such as reform or retrenchment. The second key, according to Wohlworth (1994-1995), is that if the nation in the decline is a challenger, as opposed to a hegemon, that nation is more likely to retrench and reform instead of opting for war. This would help explain the end of the Soviet Union, as it was not a declining hegemon, but, rather, a declining challenger. The Soviet Union, while chafing against the American-dominated system of global influence, knew that it was not the predominant influence in the world. Therefore, as the Soviet Union was aware of its status on the world stage – that it was not the dominant influence in the world, but, rather, a challenger, it did not want to go to war to preserve the status quo of its country. This theory is in contrast of an early theory of hegemonic war, put forth by Thucydides, that war may occur when there is a dynamic challenger and a moribund hegemon. In Thucydides' theory, the Soviet Union would have to have been dynamic, which means that it was in the process of transitioning to a hegemon, and the United States would have to be a moribund, which would mean that it was on the decline. While Wohlworth acknowledges that, at one point, the Soviet Union was a dynamic challenger, in the 1950s and 1960s, by the time the Soviet Union collapsed, it was a moribund challenger. In contrast, at this same point, the United States was a dynamic defender and hegemon. Therefore, the Soviet Union could not, rationally, have chosen to go to war to protect itself, because it saw the end ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“How Gorbachev's regime come to an end, collapsing the Soviet Union Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/history/1393653-how-gorbachev-s-regime-come-to-an-end-collapsing
(How Gorbachev'S Regime Come to an End, Collapsing the Soviet Union Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/history/1393653-how-gorbachev-s-regime-come-to-an-end-collapsing.
“How Gorbachev'S Regime Come to an End, Collapsing the Soviet Union Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1393653-how-gorbachev-s-regime-come-to-an-end-collapsing.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (1)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
ke
kelsie58 added comment 8 months ago
Student rated this paper as
At first, I thought 15 of pages is too much for such a topic. But now I see it could not be done smarter. As the author starts you see the difficulty of the topic. I’ve read all at once. Wonderful essay

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF How Gorbachev's regime come to an end, collapsing the Soviet Union

Collaspe of the Soviet Union

...?How and why did the collapse of the Soviet Union change the meaning of the West? The collapse of the Soviet Union represented the largest coupe of the western hemisphere, specifically the United States which had engaged in a “cold war” with this nation for close to 50 years. In understanding how the collapse affected the west it is important to understand what the collapse entailed. Until 1991 there had been two major superpowers battling for supremacy, this occurred in many areas; space travel, economics and the aggregation of various cultures and countries. This was...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Question about Soviet Union

...? Everything you think you know about the collapse of the Soviet Union is wrong The article ‘Everything you think you know about the collapse of the Soviet Union is wrong’ by Leon Aron, deals with the grass root level reason behind the unexpected collapse of communism in Soviet Union. The author concludes the article by pointing out that collapse of the Soviet Union at the beginning of 1990s is related to the intellectual and moral uprising from the side of the mass. Within this context, the policies implemented by Mikhail...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Breakup of the Soviet Union

...the regions within the USSR like Tajikistan that had ethnic links with the Afghans did not favor the war and hence an internal unrest was born inside the USSR (The Collapse of the Soviet Union). Gorbachev's reforms: The stagnation of the country and the obsolete political system of the country forced Gorbachev to introduce new reforms that could revitalize the economy and stabilize the existing political conditions. He introduced two famous reforms namely 'glasnost' and 'perestroika' which called for freedom of speech and political reconstruction respectively. The reforms however backfired and lead to the collapse of USSR. The...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Soviet Union Invasion of Afghanistan

...? and Section # of Introduction: The Soviets invaded Afghanistan in 1979 to install and establish the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) in power. This invasion lasted a whole 9 years and culminated in the soviet-afghan friendship treaty which was signed in 1978. This treaty allowed Afghanistan to ask for military assistance from USSR. The USSR invaded Afghanistan in December in an attempt to rescue and save their failing communist regime. Before the attack, the government and president of Afghanistan had been overthrown in 1978 because of which a bloody rebellion reform started mostly in the rural areas. After the invasion, the Soviet Union...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Fall of the soviet union

... Union. While the doctrine was intended to diminish the Soviet influence in the Soviet supported countries by opening the door of democracy and capitalism for those nations, its endeavor to grow the United States’ intimacy with Gorbachev’s administration necessarily pushed the pro-reform portion of the Soviet authority to move one step forward towards bringing changes within the country’s political system that eventually brought the abrupt collapse of the regime. A deep analysis of Reagan’s policy will show that the Reagan was aware of the self-devouring nature of the Soviet economy which was then sagging under the expenditure of an unusually large USSR army. During the last several years of the Cold War it became evident... , oil-depended...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Post soviet union literature

...? Post Soviet Union Literature Russia has experienced a quick change in the style and form of literatures by the national authors after the decision to promote glasnost or allowing free discussion in both speech and transition of culture was allowed. It is worth noting that even despite lifting the censorship, the book market was highly affected by economic and political chaos leading into several book printing industry falling and eventually reducing the number of printed books. Nevertheless, detective stories and thrillers have turned out to be very successful in the 1990s and a decade later, Boris Akunin’s 19th century sleuth became very popular. Boris Akunin is a prominent Russian author of suspense...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Soviet Union Involvement in Afghanistan

..."How Did the Soviet Union Become Involved in Afghanistan" In 1919 the British colonial rule in Afghanistan came to an end when its king, King Amanullah declared Afghanistan as an independent country. For the recognition of the newly formed country and to create good political relations with its neighbor's delegations were sent to different countries. Amongst these the most important one was the Soviet Union (Ottawa, 1980). The Soviet Union had also undergone a transformation in those days as the last tsar ruler had been toppled in 1917 and had been replaced by Lenin. Then delegation from Afghanistan was...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Soviet Union during Gorbachev Presidency

...of dissent in the coming future was constantly being enervated and provoked by the debilitating food scarcity (Dunlop, 1994). Besides, the allied powers could read the writing on the wall and carried on with their endeavours, firm in their belief that the end of the Soviet Union was not too far (Dunlop, 1994). Gorbachev acknowledged this Soviet despondency in one of the meetings of the Communist part where he said that, "We are buying (the grain) because we cannot survive without it (Gaider, 2007)". Above this, the industrialization ushered in by the Communists was churning out goods for which their existed no buyers in the world...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

End of Cold War and Collapse of Soviet Union

...to which Gorbachev can be held responsible for the subsequent collapse of communism. Though the reasons for the collapse of communism in the CEE countries are numerous, Gorbachev is at the heart of the said event. Historians have examined the dramatic end of the Cold War almost since the day the Berlin Wall came crashing down. Some, most notably Karen Dawisha, predicted the event earlier. She released her book Eastern Europe, Gorbachev, and Reform in 1988, and understood that Gorbachev knew the regimes in Eastern Europe were illegitimate, placed in power by the Soviet...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Collapse of the Soviet Union

...together (Remnick 19). The collapse of the Soviet Union with its fortified walls shows that there is no great country, civilization or republic that cannot crumble and its fall is a lesson to other powers of the world, especially the superpower US. The Soviet Union looked so strong after the Second World War to the ninth decade of that century. The strength of the Soviet Union was made possible by the strong communist and totalitarian regime in the region at that time. Why did the collapse happen? The collapse of the Soviet Union...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic How Gorbachev's regime come to an end, collapsing the Soviet Union for FREE!

Contact Us