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Toxoplasma Gondii - Case Study Example

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This work called "Toxoplasma Gondii" describes one of the most important zoonotic diseases that is transmitted from animals to humans. The author outlines the serious consequences of the illness, the main transmission methods, new ways to create an effective treatment or vaccination.  …
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Toxoplasma Gondii
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Download file to see previous pages Currently, there is no effective treatment, particularly for immunocompromised patients. The study suggests that health education can reduce the burden caused by this disease; other treatment options such as therapeutic agents can also help. There is no vaccination, especially for humans.
The prepare a four-page essay that describes the importance of the disease's basic lifecycle or transmission cycle details, the current status of the disease, and current approaches to control/treatment.
Toxoplasma Gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite (Aspinall et al., 2002), which belongs to a protozoan phylum that mainly characterized by the presence of apical complex. In addition, “apicomplexan contain a polarized cell structure and two unique apical secretory organelles named micronemes and rhoptries” (Munoz et al., 2011).
In general, parasites that belong to the protozoan phylum apicomplexan are said to be responsible for diseases such as malaria, toxoplasmosis, and cryptosporidiosis; each of these diseases causes a significantly high rate of mortality and morbidity especially in economically underdeveloped regions of the world (Vedadi et al., 2007). Toxoplasma Gondii is one of the world’s most successful parasitic zoonosis, which is transmitted from animal to human. Furthermore, this parasite has the capacity to infect any type of warm-blooded animal including a human being. In addition, it is estimated that it infects between 30% and 70% of the human population (Aspinall et al., 2002; Stocka et al., 2014).
According to research, people who suffer from congenital infections, pharmacologically-immunosuppressed patients, and pregnant women have a higher possibility of being infected as compared to other healthy individuals. Moreover, it is approximated that nearly 25% of late AIDS patients are developed toxoplasmic encephalitis (Aspinall et al., (2002).
Although discovered in 1908, T.gondii’s actual life cycle was understood fully in 1970. It incorporated two key stages, sexual and asexual stages (Dubey, 2009). The definitive host is a cat and the intermediate host is a mouse (see figure 1); humans and other animals such as sheep can be infected by accident either by drinking or by eating contaminated food or water. Contaminated food and water may hold oocysts from cat feces while undercooked meat may contain cysts tissues.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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