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HIV/AIDS - Essay Example

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The paper is focused on the HIV/AIDS problem. From its first beginnings in the early 1980’s, through to the explosion of the epidemic in the USA, the UK and subsequently throughout the world, AIDS has become one of the defining features of modern medicine. …
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HIV/AIDS
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Download file to see previous pages There is no cure for AIDS, even while a number of drugs have been developed thazt enable the disease to be managed for at least a few years. Presently “80-90% of patients with AIDS have died within 3-5 years after diagnosis with AIDS” (State, 2007). One of the major problems with AIDS is that a person may become HIV positive but remain symptom-free for years. But they are capable of transmitting HIV within days of becoming infected. The lag time between becoming infected and the onset of full-blown AIDS has been one of the most difficult epidemiological factors to overcome (Fan, 2004).
The World Health Organization estimates that there are at least 30 million cases of AIDS currently worldwide (WHO, 2007). The majority of these are in Africa where some countries such as Uganda have been decimated by AIDS. Some estimate that a majority of the Ugandan population is HIV-positive (WHO, 2007) and it is not the only country in Africa with this situation. There are several factors that have led to the spread of AIDS in Africa. First is the unwillingness of many men to wear condoms, together with ignorance about what causes the spread of AIDS and how to avoid it. Secondly, a lack of testing facilities means that HIV and even full-blown AIDS went undiagnosed for many years. Third, the medical systems in the countries involved are very poor, often having only a few dollars per capita to spend on total health care. The care of just one Person With Aids (PWA) costs several hundred dollars a year. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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