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HIV / AIDS And Global Health - Essay Example

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The paper gives detailed information about the origin of HIV/AIDS. The first case of AIDS was realized in the USA but it gave very little prior information with regard to its viral origin. Many people assume that HIV developed from a form of HIV that is contained in a certain type chimpanzee in West Africa…
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HIV / AIDS And Global Health
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Download file to see previous pages Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a disease that is caused by Human Immuno-Deficiency Virus (HIV). However, not everyone infected with HIV develops AIDS immediately and at times people with HIV live with it for years together without developing AIDS (CDC, 2013).
According to Ekouevi, Tonwe-Gold, & Dabis, (2005), HIV can be defined as a virus that affects body’s immune system by attacking white blood cells that are responsible for body prevention against infections. HIV weakens the immune system as a result of which the body is unable to defend itself against infections and illness including cancer.
AIDS is the disease for which HIV is responsible, basically AIDS is a syndrome that shows up after HIV infection has exceeded. In other words, AIDS is said to have occurred when the individual’s immune system is weakened by HIV to a point where the individual develops one or more ‘opportunistic infections’ (OIs) – and these infections are also called AIDS defining conditions. Some of these OIs are such as tuberculosis, pneumonia (recurrent), Herpes among others.
The symptoms of HIV vary from case to another and they also depend on the stage of the infection. At times, for quite some time people infected with HIV may not be aware about the infection and it is in this stage that they spread the virus spreads rapidly. There are two stage signs and symptoms of HIV infection (early stage and late stage). Early stage symptoms include weakness, weight-loss, fever and late stage symptoms include night sweats, blurred vision, bouts of protracted fever, and white spots on tongue. Between 1999 and 2000 the deaths of AIDS in Africa outnumbered the deaths in all the wars on the continent (Shah, 2009). But the gradually advances in medicine and nursing have led means and ways the spread of HIV/AIDS could be contained. The fact is visible in the data recorded in the most recent Global Report released by UNAIDS earlier this year (UNAIDS, 2013). This research paper aims at defining HIV/AIDS, identifying its origin, how the epidemic has affected people in the entire world, modes transmission, cure and prevention among other issues. Origin of HIV AIDS The first case of AIDS was realized in the USA in 1981 but it gave very little prior information with regard to its viral origin. On the other hand many people assume that HIV developed from a form of SIV that is contained in a certain type chimpanzee in West Africa. It is assumed that is from there when HIV spread in the entire world. Siegfried, Muller, Deeks & Volmink (2009) states that it is HIV virus causes AIDS and hence to establish the source of HIV virus researchers to establish its origin. The HIV origin goes beyond ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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