HIV and AIDS Author’s name Institutional Affiliation Abstract HIV and AIDs stand for Human Immunodeficiency virus and Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome respectively. They are related diseases which have infected and killed a high proportion of the global population, extending attention from national to international boundaries for more research, and guidance to treatment and prevention measures…
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The HIV takes control of the white cells once inside to make it function as a manufacturing base for viruses instead or the CD4+ T cells, hence lowering the immune system while increasing the viral load in the blood. The HIV and AIDs has no cure and people should focus on working towards suppressing the HIV mutation and not be overwhelmed by existing myths of cure. There are several means of transmission, distinguished into blood exposure, child delivery and breast feeding, and sexual contact among others, except the confusing beliefs. HIV infection develops into 4 stages before transforming into AIDs; they are both related diseases that could be treated from further advancement by prevention means, for the victim to live a longer healthier life. Keywords: HIV, Aids, CD4+ T Cells, Viral Load, Victim, Opportunistic Illnesses, Transmission, Blood Contact, Sexual Intercourse, Virus, Prevention, Treatment, Antiretroviral, CD4 Counts Introduction HIV and AIDs has been one critical health concern area that clinical and scientific researchers have invested resources in and continue to make progress in research. It is no longer a national agenda, but the effects of the disease have called for global governance to assist in preventing further spread. Until now, there are many people who do not seem to get the concept between the two diseases, and as a result, several myths have been coined within the social settings, some inflicting fear, discouragement, and stigmatization. HIV stands for Human immunodeficiency virus, while AIDs is Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome; the two diseases are related and known to destroy part of the immune system, specifically the white blood cell (T lymphocyte), cells that are concerned in fighting diseases and germs in the body ( “HIV hurts” 2013, para. 1). Through the diseases, many in the global population have been infected and definitely affected as many die leaving orphans and their loved ones unexpectedly. According to emedicinehealth, “approximately 40 million people are living with HIV infections, and estimated 25 million have died from this disease” (2013, para. 1). They are diseases that spread like a plaque and are known to have no cure, meaning their treatment is just mere prevention of further advancement into dangerous stages. HIV and AIDs history Researchers trace the origin of the diseases in Africa as a transmission from chimpanzees, after the blood contacts of the two animals (chimpanzee and human). The historical means of the African population for survival was through hunting and gathering, hence the blood contact is thought to have occurred either in butchering or hunting for food. AIDs was the first to be detected (around 1981) among people, especially the gay and bisexual men, one being diagnosed to have AIDs after developing some of the opportunistic infections and cancers that were uncommon for people with healthy immune system (Gallant, 2012, p. 16). This means that the HIV virus was already in the infected people and had developed to advanced stages to be called AIDs; simply because the virus had not yet been discovered to limit its growth and develop treatment. After the discovery of HIV, it became possible to distinguish the two, such that if one is tested and found to have the virus, then he/she is termed
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AIDS is pandemic and encompasses many epidemics of different subtypes. The leading factor for its multiplication and spread include sexual transmission and vertical transmission where the fetus gets the disease from the mother (Kallings, 2008).
The issue which is linked to the disease is one which continues to be defined by the global issue as well as the needs which are a part of each community. Each of the programs which have been developed is specific to the need to assist in stopping the disease while helping those who are suffering from HIV or AIDS.
The magnitude of the illness has strained the economic state of one of the poorest countries in sub-Saharan Africa (Abdul, et al. 2010). Educating the people about HIV and providing them with antiretroviral therapy are the most pragmatic approaches of combating the epidemic.
The author of the essay states that HIV is the virus that causes the gradual collapse of the immune system that enables AIDS diseases such as Pneumocystis pneumonia, Kaposi’s sarcoma and a host of other conditions to affect the patient. It should be pointed out, risk behaviors for receiving HIV are unprotected sex and needle sharing among injectable drug users.
At this time, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported cases of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in some otherwise healthy homosexual men of Los Angeles and 26 cases of Kaposi's sarcoma (KS), again in 26 homosexual individuals both in New York and Los Angeles (Klimas et al., 2008).
The author states that the Human Immuno Deficiency virus can remain in dead body for years without showing any symptoms of being visible. The last of stage of disease to be infected is AIDS as it requires almost 10 years span of time to get infected and finally reaching the development of the AIDS disease.
Since early 1990s, HIV and AIDS pandemic has been a generalized epidemic as bidirectional and sexually transmitted infection. The disease has, however, prediction of eventually becoming worse than even the plaque pandemic that stroke Europe and Asia in the historical dates (Karen 19).
The immune system cannot therefore perform its primary role that is to protect the body against any invading infection. This disease is the Acquired Immune-deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Transmission of the disease from one individual to another occurs in several ways.
AIDS has virtually devastated the country. In 2009 alone, around 7000 people died from AIDS. The survival of the country is in jeopardy if some drastic steps are not taken. In Swaziland, It is estimated to have approximately 190,000 cases of HIV positive, which includes 15,000 children under the age of 15.
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