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There is also a risk of higher post operative complications among severely immunodepressed HIV infected women.
Moreover, pregnant women with HIV are affected by stigmatization. A cross-sectional study done on 1525 women attending antennal clinics in Kenya indicated that the rates of stigma was high which led them to refuse testing (Turan, Bukusi, Onono, Holzemer, & Cohen, 2011) . This paper focuses on evidence based review of literature why HIV positive women should not become pregnant.
There is an estimation of about 1.5 million women living with HIV globally with over 90% concentrated in the Sub-Saharan Africa. According to Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (2014), perinatal transmission is HIV transmission from mother to child during pregnancy, labor and delivery. In the United States, 88% of persons under 13 diagnosed with HIV acquired it perinatally. The African American population represented 63%, Hispanics were 22%, while whites were 13% of the dignoses of perinatal HIV infection at the end of 2009. Despite the increase in the number of women with HIV gving birth, there has been a decline in perinatal infections from 2007 to 2009. The transmission rates are high, 15- 45% when no interventions are put in place.
In developed countries, the mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV has been almost eliminated due to effective prevention programs. There are significant challenges facing prevention mother to child transmission (PMTCT) programs in developing countries therefore causing significant gaps in reducing the rates of MTCT. HIV positive women are recommended by the World Health Organization to be assessed for the eligibility to start highly active anterotroviral therapy (HAART). In this regard, PMTCT programs present a major opportunity to HIV positive women to enable prevention of infant infections as well as allow
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The development of a serological test for antibodies to HIV started at the same time and it was discovered that HIV infection, especially in the United States, was majorly concentrated in those populations which were at the highest risk for contracting AIDS, namely, male homosexuals, intravenous drug abusers, and hemophiliacs.
Moreover, it has been identified and reported that youth generally lack proper tools to address the public health issue; therefore, the number of cases of HIV / AIDS within this group is on the rise. Specifically, proper tools include HIV / AIDS education throughout the world’s school systems, which should include making youth aware of HIV / AIDS cases related to the shared use of needles and how the deadly virus can spread by coming into contact with an infected person’s blood or bodily fluids, as well as free access to condoms (Baldwin, 2009).
AIDS has virtually devastated the country. In 2009 alone, around 7000 people died from AIDS. The survival of the country is in jeopardy if some drastic steps are not taken. In Swaziland, It is estimated to have approximately 190,000 cases of HIV positive, which includes 15,000 children under the age of 15.
This process is being used in the United States since 1940s. Infertility has turned out to be more common and many women choose to become single mothers. Also the recipient’s partner may have undergone a vasectomy or may produce poor quality sperms. It also allows lesbian couples to have a baby.
Southern African countries have the highest infection rates of HIV/AIDS in the world. This paper will focus on the problem of HIV/AIDS in Malawi. The central research question is: What are the contributing factors to this significant health problem, and what is the relevance of these factors to the development of the country?
Many of those found positive confront the dilemma and shame of disclosing their conditions fearing that their families and immediate community will stigmatize and scorn them till death for bearing such illness. This paper seeks to qualitatively review studies pertaining to psychosocial therapy and support accorded to young persons living with HIV.
The paper discusses the problem of HIV diseases among pregnant African women stating the ways through which the country has committed itself to ensuring that these women receive the amount of care that they deserve. There is also the review of articles from the foreign land to understand the various aspects involved in the rather broad topic.
These standards include;Unfortunately within the current climate of limited and finite resources available for health care provision, it is very easy to overlook our moral responsibilities whilst focusing on balancing books and meeting targets. Because they form a small percentage of the whole, HIV positive pregnant women were being overlooked.
This study tries to find out the most prevailing cause for transmission of virus to children in the United States of America, thus contributing to the on going efforts to control the spread of this epidemic all over the world. A fact still remains that there are cultural and social constraints which do affect when doing such a research.
today do not realize the responsibility ahead of them and stray into drug dens and by the time they know it, they become totally addicted or hooked to them. Once this happens, there is a sort of craving within them and it is extremely hard to kick this bad habit.
Drugs such as
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