Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Disease - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) Name: Institution: Introduction Gastro esophageal reflux disease also known as acid reflux disease or just as GERD is a lifestyle disease and always a long-lasting symptom of mucosal damage. The extensive damage of the mucus lining of the esophagus results from production of an excessive acid by the stomach most of which move backward to the esophagus…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98% of users find it useful
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Disease"

Download file to see previous pages However, in the rare cases that such movements occur repeatedly, the acid progressively corrode the mucus lining thus exposing the esophagus to the harsh chemicals. As a result, the acids corrode the skin covering the esophagus thus causing the Gastro esophageal reflux disease. Signs and symptoms GERD is prevalent in both adults and children alike. Often caused by the malfunction of the digestive track among other respiratory complication, the disease is prevalent on diverse patient groups. Among its most prevalent symptoms, include heartburn. Heartburn is an intensive burning sensation that one feels on the chest and often signifies the release of stomach acids back into the respiratory tract thus causing the corrosion. While mild heartburns occur from sporadically owing to minor digestive malfunctions, extensive heartburns signify extensive destruction of the esophagus. Additionally, regurgitation is a potential symptom of the disease. Regurgitation refers to the persistent expulsion of food from the stomach back into the esophagus involuntarily. ...
However, the symptoms of the disease in both children and infants range from the adult symptoms discussed above but may also include recurrent vomiting, coughing and effortless spitting. Additionally, children and infants would cry a lot owing to the constant pain caused by the burning sensation of their chests. Furthermore, children and infants would also exhibit such respiratory difficulties as whizzing. Children refuse food, may have bad breath and belch constantly. No symptom among children is considered universally applicable and an indicator of the disease since children may exhibit some of the symptoms because of other diseases. The depiction of multiple of such symptoms should however indicate a possibility of excessive acid leaks back into the chest cavity. Causes As discussed earlier, GERD is caused by the leak of stomach acid back into the esophagus thus causing the corrosion of both the mucus lining and the inner skin of the esophagus. Such constant leaks of the stomach acids portray the failure of the stomach enclosing mechanisms. The stomach has strategic valves that help close it thus preventing such leaks from occurring. Among such valves is the lower esophageal sphincter. The angle of entry of the esophagus into the stomach creates a valve like structure that helps prevent the stomach acids, bile and enzymes from flowing back into the esophagus. The valves work naturally and effectively thus preventing such diseases as GERD. However, several lifestyle factors may result in the destruction of the valves thus heightening the occurrence of GERD among other complications. The destruction of the lower esophageal sphincter ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from
(Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words.
“Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Alzheimer's disease

...development and normally starts after the age of sixty (Medline Plus, 2010). The short-term memory is disturbed while long-term memory is still there. The patient starts losing control over his language, reading and writing skills. He begins to forget the names of acquaintances, relatives or even members of the family. When the disease starts getting worse, the patient may even forget how to eat, drink or go to toilet. Stage 1, mild stage, has symptoms like losing way, trouble in calculating bills, asking something repeatedly, taking longer to perform daily tasks, putting things in weird places, and showing attitude problems. Stage 2, moderate stage, shows symptoms like requiring assistance in performing daily tasks,...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Alzheimers disease and Dementia Disease a genetic predisposition. Final Essay With the increase in the aging population of the United States, the burden of diseases that become more pronounced with age has increased. Dementia and Alzheimer’s disease lie in this category of diseases and these are disorders which need great attention. This is owing to the fact that these conditions severely hamper the living of an individual as the diseases lead to a reduction in the memory accompanied with alteration in the cognitive capabilities of the patient. This can serve to result in increasing the load on the healthcare system and affect the efficiency of the healthcare services. The terms dementia and Alzheimer’s...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Celiac disease

...and this has led to make it known as “the best understood human “autoimmune” disorder.” Research studies have shed light upon the fact that one percent of the people in countries including Europe, South America and the United States have undiagnosed celiac disease. Current data also reveals that the presentation of symptoms of patients with celiac disease has also changed. Previously the patients mainly had weight loss, diarrhea and pain in the abdomen. But current diagnosis is mainly revealed when patients present with low Hemoglobin or they have symptoms which differ from the classical symptoms of celiac disease (Van and West 2006). Another interesting study on this condition...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Alzheimer's Disease

... not notice it in the beginning. Initially, the part of the brain that has control over the memory and language is affected. This results in the loss of memory, as the person suffering from such disease is not able to recall the most recent happenings and names of the acquaintances. The disease is more evident among the older human beings. Another memory loss function, called ‘mild cognitive impairment’ may also develop into the Alzheimer’s disease. As this disease begins, usually, at the age of 60, people start forgetting even the basic daily activities like the way a toothbrush is used. Later stages of this disease make the patients loose their reasoning power, as they start wandering, without any purpose. People with family history...
3 Pages(750 words)Term Paper


.... In the contemporary world, in spite of the exceptional progresses towards development of steps to counter the development of the infectious illnesses, the increased global mutuality, increased world travel and climate change have contributed deposits of complication to controlling and containing these contagious diseases that not only have an impact on an individual’s health but also a nation’s economy. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), HIV AIDS, and the H1N1 influenza are some of the examples of emergent contagious diseases in the contemporary world (Howard, 2012). Chronological data in addition to microbial ascertaining and phylogenetic structures indicate that contagious illnesses have been developing over the past 5 decades...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Alzheimer Disease

... and older have dementia. As many as 5.3 million people in the United States are living with Alzheimer's. This figure includes 5.1 million people aged 65 and older and 200,000 individuals under age 65 who have younger-onset Alzheimer's. Based on these estimates, approximately 500,000 Americans under age 65 have Alzheimer's or other dementia. Of these, about more than 46% are estimated to have Alzheimer's disease. See Table 1.2 Genetics: AD is a genetically complex and heterogeneous disorder. Particularly for genetic studies, Alzheimer's disease is often categorized according to age. (Psychiatric genetics: applications in clinical practice By Jordon W. Smoller, Beth Rosen Sheidley, Ming T. Tsuang, page 180). A prodromal phase of AD...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Genetic Disease

... evident because, of their two sons, one died of an unknown cause at a very young age, could have been from Tay-Sachs disease. Rita inherited the recessive gene from her father and became a carrier. Since both Peter and Rita are carriers for the recessive gene, there is a 25% chance that their child could well be suffering from Tay-Sachs disease. The screening test (CVS) for fetal genetic defects confirmed that the fetus was indeed afflicted by the Tay-Sachs disease. Analysis of the Genogram: Rita (43 years) and Peter (46 years) have been trying to have a baby for more than 2 years, Rita has conceived now. There is sufficient documentation to show that the peak fertility period for women is between 20-24 years of age, after...
10 Pages(2500 words)Case Study

Disease processes

...1. What is the principle behind the Prothrombin Time test (PT) Prothrombin Time test (PT) also be called the INR test (WebMD Medical Reference, 2008) is a blood test which measures the period it takes blood to clot.. The principle behind the Prothrombin Time test is that in the body, the clotting process involves a series of sequential chemical reactions called the coagulation cascade. The PT test evaluates the integrated function of the coagulation factors that comprise the extrinsic and common pathways of the coagulation cascade, including factors I (fibrinogen), II (Prothrombin), V, VII and X. It evaluates the body's ability to produce a clot in a reasonable amount of time and, if any of these factors are deficient, the PT... What is the...
2 Pages(500 words)Lab Report

Tuberculosis Disease

...). In the same vein, elderly people are seen as vulnerable victims due to failing immune system (Landau, 1995). According to research, in their early years, carriers already had the bacterium in them but the development is slow and manifesting lately in their older years. The nature of the disease can take years to become active, so an older person may have acquired the disease earlier in their life, but the bacterium can be active in the latter years (Landau, 1995). Pathophysiology. TB is a disease caused by germs that could be transmitted from person to person via airborne droplets that is infected with the Mycobacterium. The bacteria when inhaled travels directly to the alveoli...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay


...Down syndrome Introduction Down syndrome is a condition resulting from abnormal cell division that presents with an extra genetic material from chromosome 21. The implication of Down syndrome varies in severity but causes a lifelong disability in the intellectual system as well as in developmental delays. Down syndrome is the most common genetic disorder and has an epidemiological prevalence rate of one in every one thousand births. Etiology of Down syndrome The cells of the human contain 23 pairs of chromosomes, each pair of the chromosomes are inherited from each parent. During cell division of each pair of the chromosomes from either parent, a genetic malfunction can occur resulting in the development of an extra genetic... syndrome...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Disease Outline: The Roles of the Imaging and Treatment Modalities

Dramatic developments in the field of science and technology have provided newer and enhanced diagnostic tools to make arrive at a more precise diagnosis on one side and on the other side given new meaning to the traditional treatment modalities, as well as creating new treatment modalities. 

Peering inside the human body for a better understanding of any abnormalities within that are the cause for illness in a patient had remained an unrealized need until the advent of the x-ray imaging technique. Since then advances in the x-ray imaging techniques have led to new imaging modalities to remove the inadequacies that were experienced through the use of mere x-rays. Fluoroscopy is one such development in imaging modal...
7 Pages(1750 words)Term Paper

The impact of Plant Disease on New Zealand

Transmission of PMTV occurs through inoculation of sap in 26 species belonging to Solanaceae or Chenopodiaceae and to Tetragonia expansa and also through grafting (A. Reavy., W. Kashiwazaki., & Barker,1995 ). In some cases, PMTV is known to be transmitted by mechanical inoculation also.

Since PMTV is vectored only through S.subterranea the infection of plants with PMTV depends on the life cycle of S.subterranea which takes about 10-14 days. The life cycle of S.subterranean takes place in 2 phases: Phase I) This is the primary stage of the life cycle initiated with the germination of resting spores known as sporangiosori or cystosori persisting in the soil as spore balls with thick cell walls into zoosporangia. These...
6 Pages(1500 words)Report

Cancer: a Terminal Disease

Only visible progress is observed in the case of breast cancer even though, it is detected in the early stage (3). There are many reasons and characteristic of cancer which makes it incurables some of them are as follows:
Most of the human diseases were classified under two broad categories; 1) genetic diseases and 2) environmental diseases. In genetic diseases, mutation or loss of function in any of the vital genes leads to disease condition and they are generally cured by artificial supplementation of a vital component. For example, in sickle cell anemia where a patient having mutation in both copies of the hemoglobin gene leads to sickle-shaped RBC. The only permanent cure for this disease is bone marrow transplant and gen...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Trade-Off

Increased concentrations of effluents in the air were found to have particularly been emitted from motor vehicle exhausts, industrial factories, and other burning or combustion activities of Australians (Bartnett et al. 2006). Practically, any engine that utilized fossil fuel is known to be emitters of these effluents in addition to other activities that require burning of materials as have been broadly argued by different concerned sectors for the minimization of its usage, as well, finding alternatives which could be biodegradable fuels.

Air is humankind’s natural source of respiratory Oxygen. Its preservation may have been openly disregarded so that the current generation has to face up to the maintenance of it...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

Disease and Genetic Disorder for the Human Body Systems

...are frequently used to diagnose the disease. As a treatment, coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is performed if the number of affected arteries and extend of the blockage is high. Low fat diet (specially saturated fats), maintain of healthy body weight and regular physical activities help in preventing the disease. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy – Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder in which the proteins of the cardiac muscles become thick (hypertrophy) results in a sudden death at any age. This is caused by the mutations in the genes responsible for myosin chains which is a major component of the heart muscle. Thickening of the heart muscle reduce the blood outflow and increase...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Antibiotic Resistance of Bacterial Agents of Disease

...tance is already a big step in medicine, but no means to reduce and control mutation have been identified. The observation that mutational frequency can be reduced by the introduction of antioxidants to bacteria offers hope that natural products can help in indirectly reducing antibiotic resistance. Research towards validation of antioxidant effects and understanding the mechanisms of action will lead to the design of more effective drugs to fight microbial diseases. This will therefore contribute indirectly towards the reduction in the prevalence of infectious bacterial diseases, design of better drugs leading to a healthier population in the country. Dissemination of knowledge and route of exploitation or translation of research...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Proposal

Heart Disease as One of the Leading Causes of Mortality

... but immigration studies conducted in the West suggest that cultural factors such as smoking and improper diet outweigh genetic and environmental factors in their effects. Arterial hypertension, stress, hypercholesterolemia and obesity are all contributory factors in the genesis of heart disease. Conditions like hyperlipidemia and diabetes also contribute to the morbidity associated with this disease. Though all these factors are varied in nature yet a sedentary lifestyle is generally associated with the development of obesity, high blood pressure, atherosclerosis etc which are again related to the high incidence of cardiovascular problems prevalent in the developed countries. Obesity in itself is a weak risk factor for heart disease...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

Something Learned Within the Last Year That I Now Know A Lot About: Alzheimer's Disease

...condition dementia is a range of diseases affecting human cognition, degrading behavior, general thinking, capacity for reasoning, and memory, to the point where such degradation comes to hinder the persons abilities to function normally on a day to day basis. In the most severe form of Alzheimers and dementia, the afflicted person develops total dependence on the care of other people in order to continue living. The disease owes its name to the discoverer of the disease, Dr. Alois Alzheimer, who diagnosed the condition in a woman who had died with the mental condition, and found, on examination, the presence of two of the three physical hallmarks of the disease, in...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

The Effect of Diphtheria Disease on Mice infection through coughing or coming into contact with an item that has the disease’s bacteria. Commonly, the disease affects the respiratory system of the human body with the common indicators being engorged glands, neck pains, fever and fatigue (Wint 2012). Medical practitioners treat the disease according to a person’s symptoms; however, most of the doctors use antibiotics as a basis of their treatment. The treatment of diphtheria is very essential with time being the core determinant; moreover, a doctor’s instinct can also save a person’s life when the identification process is quick. There are vaccines for other diseases such as tetanus vaccination that...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Proposal

Main Aspects of Alzheimers Disease

... School of Medicine article, “Family History of Alzheimer’s Disease”. Despite the fact that the real causes of Alzheimer’s disease are not yet conclusively known studies have, however, shown close correlation between late- onset Alzheimer’s disease and Family History. This is because research has shown that people with some of their family members having suffered from Alzheimer’s disease are more likely to suffer from Alzheimer’s disease than the people whose family members have never suffered from Alzheimer’s disease. According to studies, approximately 25% of the people who suffer from Alzheimer’s disease have had some of their family members suffer from the same disease. Studies on the causes of Alzheimer’s disease have revealed...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Disease for FREE!

Contact Us