Disease - Essay Example

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Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) Name: Institution: Introduction Gastro esophageal reflux disease also known as acid reflux disease or just as GERD is a lifestyle disease and always a long-lasting symptom of mucosal damage. The extensive damage of the mucus lining of the esophagus results from production of an excessive acid by the stomach most of which move backward to the esophagus…
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Download file to see previous pages However, in the rare cases that such movements occur repeatedly, the acid progressively corrode the mucus lining thus exposing the esophagus to the harsh chemicals. As a result, the acids corrode the skin covering the esophagus thus causing the Gastro esophageal reflux disease. Signs and symptoms GERD is prevalent in both adults and children alike. Often caused by the malfunction of the digestive track among other respiratory complication, the disease is prevalent on diverse patient groups. Among its most prevalent symptoms, include heartburn. Heartburn is an intensive burning sensation that one feels on the chest and often signifies the release of stomach acids back into the respiratory tract thus causing the corrosion. While mild heartburns occur from sporadically owing to minor digestive malfunctions, extensive heartburns signify extensive destruction of the esophagus. Additionally, regurgitation is a potential symptom of the disease. Regurgitation refers to the persistent expulsion of food from the stomach back into the esophagus involuntarily. ...
However, the symptoms of the disease in both children and infants range from the adult symptoms discussed above but may also include recurrent vomiting, coughing and effortless spitting. Additionally, children and infants would cry a lot owing to the constant pain caused by the burning sensation of their chests. Furthermore, children and infants would also exhibit such respiratory difficulties as whizzing. Children refuse food, may have bad breath and belch constantly. No symptom among children is considered universally applicable and an indicator of the disease since children may exhibit some of the symptoms because of other diseases. The depiction of multiple of such symptoms should however indicate a possibility of excessive acid leaks back into the chest cavity. Causes As discussed earlier, GERD is caused by the leak of stomach acid back into the esophagus thus causing the corrosion of both the mucus lining and the inner skin of the esophagus. Such constant leaks of the stomach acids portray the failure of the stomach enclosing mechanisms. The stomach has strategic valves that help close it thus preventing such leaks from occurring. Among such valves is the lower esophageal sphincter. The angle of entry of the esophagus into the stomach creates a valve like structure that helps prevent the stomach acids, bile and enzymes from flowing back into the esophagus. The valves work naturally and effectively thus preventing such diseases as GERD. However, several lifestyle factors may result in the destruction of the valves thus heightening the occurrence of GERD among other complications. The destruction of the lower esophageal sphincter ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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