This paper will discuss the factors concerning gastrointestinal diseases and challenges faced during the examination and diagnosis of these patients. It will also analyze the further complications that are characteristic for the elderly…
Download file to see previous pages...
Functional gastrointestinal diseases are associated with a plethora of symptoms which present biochemical and structural abnormality which is unidentifiable (Chang, Locke, McNally, Halder, Schleck, Zinsmeister, & Talley, 2010). Ageing itself is associated with numerous functional changes in the gastrointestinal tracts; such changes involve motility, intraluminal digestion, secretion and absorbtion (Grassi, Petraccia, Mennuni, Fontanna, Scarno, Sabetta, & Fraioli, 2011). Oropharyngeal muscle dismotility has a high preveilance among the elderly patients. Another functional disorder that is present in elderly patients is gastroesophagal reflux, which occurs as a result of reduced esophagal peristalsis and pressure on the lower esophageal sphincter (Park, 2011). Gastric emptying and motility has been found to be normal with ageing, however, some studies have shown that in some instances it may slow down. Structural neurological and endocrine changes lead to disturbed functioning in parts of the G.I tract. These include the propulsive motility of the colon, which is decreased due to these changes. A decrease in gastric secretions also causes gastric ulcers as the structure of the mucous bicarbonate barrier is also impaired (Park, 2011). Other functions that also decrease with age include pancreatic secretion and the level of bile salts. The above mentioned structural and functional changes along with other factors are part of the mechanisms that result in gastrointestinal diseases such as gastroesophagal reflux disease, dysphagia, primary dyspepsia, primary constipation, bowel syndrome, and a reduced level of nutrient absorption (Grassi, Petraccia, Mennuni, Fontanna, Scarno, Sabetta, & Fraioli, 2011). Evaluation of elderly patients is a complex process and may require more than one session (The Merck Manual, n.d.). The patients often become fatigued and the examination will have to be conducted at a later stage. The evaluation of elderly patients has also been associated with underreporting and typical manifestations for certain disorders maybe absent (The Merck Manual, n.d.). Elderly patients often have several different problems with their health hence it is difficult to analyze the system that is affected and whether or not the pathology is a result of malfunctioning of other organs. Concomitant disorders can affect the results obtained from the diagnostic test and may show pathological signs from another system, which can be mistaken for another disease (Shamburek & Farrar, 1990). Therapeutic response by elderly patients is usually very slow as organism is undergoing physiological degradation. Drugs which are administered to elderly patients should present minimal adverse effects to other organs such as the liver as the damage from these drugs may be more severe (The Merck Manual,
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Gastrointestinal Disorders Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1472567-gastrointestinal-disorders
(Gastrointestinal Disorders Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Gastrointestinal Disorders Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1472567-gastrointestinal-disorders.
Incidence incidence occurs when the Giardia microscopic parasite invades the small intestines and blocks it, hindering the absorption of nutrients 4. Risk Factors Consumption of un-boiled or untreated water Use of recreational water that has been contaminated by infected fecal materials Consumption of contaminated food 5.
Example of body system checked by this method of healing is the gastrointestinal tract. Diseases like Ulceration colitis and Crohn's Disease are diagnosed by Nuclear Medicine. These two composes the prominent disease called IBD or Inflammatory Bowel disease.
Ageing is natural phenomena and relates to normal wear and tear. With ageing the functional component of body, internal and external, undergoes a gradual decrease in efficiency, thus raises a need for an additional support system for carrying out normal function.
Different treatment approaches of disorders become possible because the causes of disorders are different, like behavior oriented or psycho-social dependant or a personality disorder in the concerned individual
It is supposed that some psychological disorders such as depression are brought about by disruptions in the equilibrium between serotonin and other neurotransmitters. The foremost assumption is that drugs such as sertraline rejuvenate the chemical balance among neurotransmitters. The FDA officially permitted the use of sertraline in December 1991.
Only 10% of the discussion is on the need of antihistamine and referral to GP.
About 60% of the consumers who walks into the pharmacy requesting for analgesics and explaining their symptoms to the pharmacist
This permits stomach acids to penetratet the sensitive lining underneath, resulting in an ulcer. The chief precipitating factor for an ulcer is the presence of the infection-causing bacterium, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). H. pylori infection is very common, but does
cludes Bernstein test, endoscopy, 24hr ambulatory PH, a short course of acid suppressive treatment, and patient’s signs and symptoms (Richter & Castell, 2012). (PPIs) Proton pump inhibitors and (H2RAs) H2-receptor antagonists class of drugs is used for gastroesophageal reflex
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Gastrointestinal Disorders for FREE!