Gastrointestinal Disorders - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
This paper will discuss the factors concerning gastrointestinal diseases and challenges faced during the examination and diagnosis of these patients. It will also analyze the further complications that are characteristic for the elderly…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.8% of users find it useful
Gastrointestinal Disorders
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Gastrointestinal Disorders"

Download file to see previous pages Functional gastrointestinal diseases are associated with a plethora of symptoms which present biochemical and structural abnormality which is unidentifiable (Chang, Locke, McNally, Halder, Schleck, Zinsmeister, & Talley, 2010). Ageing itself is associated with numerous functional changes in the gastrointestinal tracts; such changes involve motility, intraluminal digestion, secretion and absorbtion (Grassi, Petraccia, Mennuni, Fontanna, Scarno, Sabetta, & Fraioli, 2011). Oropharyngeal muscle dismotility has a high preveilance among the elderly patients. Another functional disorder that is present in elderly patients is gastroesophagal reflux, which occurs as a result of reduced esophagal peristalsis and pressure on the lower esophageal sphincter (Park, 2011). Gastric emptying and motility has been found to be normal with ageing, however, some studies have shown that in some instances it may slow down. Structural neurological and endocrine changes lead to disturbed functioning in parts of the G.I tract. These include the propulsive motility of the colon, which is decreased due to these changes. A decrease in gastric secretions also causes gastric ulcers as the structure of the mucous bicarbonate barrier is also impaired (Park, 2011). Other functions that also decrease with age include pancreatic secretion and the level of bile salts. The above mentioned structural and functional changes along with other factors are part of the mechanisms that result in gastrointestinal diseases such as gastroesophagal reflux disease, dysphagia, primary dyspepsia, primary constipation, bowel syndrome, and a reduced level of nutrient absorption (Grassi, Petraccia, Mennuni, Fontanna, Scarno, Sabetta, & Fraioli, 2011). Evaluation of elderly patients is a complex process and may require more than one session (The Merck Manual, n.d.). The patients often become fatigued and the examination will have to be conducted at a later stage. The evaluation of elderly patients has also been associated with underreporting and typical manifestations for certain disorders maybe absent (The Merck Manual, n.d.). Elderly patients often have several different problems with their health hence it is difficult to analyze the system that is affected and whether or not the pathology is a result of malfunctioning of other organs. Concomitant disorders can affect the results obtained from the diagnostic test and may show pathological signs from another system, which can be mistaken for another disease (Shamburek & Farrar, 1990). Therapeutic response by elderly patients is usually very slow as organism is undergoing physiological degradation. Drugs which are administered to elderly patients should present minimal adverse effects to other organs such as the liver as the damage from these drugs may be more severe (The Merck Manual, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Gastrointestinal Disorders Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1472567-gastrointestinal-disorders
(Gastrointestinal Disorders Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/nursing/1472567-gastrointestinal-disorders.
“Gastrointestinal Disorders Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1472567-gastrointestinal-disorders.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Gastrointestinal Disorders

Gastrointestinal Cancer

...? GASTROINTESTINAL CANCER Institute The gastrointestinal system is an important system of the human body which is essential for the performance of normal bodily functions. Cancer can arise in the different parts of the gastrointestinal system which include the esophageal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, gall bladder cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer and anal cancer. Different types of cancers can occur in these organs. Adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma are the different types of cancers of the oesophagus. Risk factors of the oesophageal cancers include alcohol consumption and tobacco smoking. Different types of gastric cancer include carcinoma, lymphoma, carcinoids and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper

Gastrointestinal Diseases Research Paper

...malfunctions. These symptoms include nausea, pain in the stomach and inflammation. Gastrointestinal disorders include cancer, constipation and inflammatory bowel disease among others. These diseases cause severe harm to the body of an individual and tamper with normal functioning of body organs. Early diagnosis and treatment gastrointestinal diseases are essential because they can cause death of a patient. Surgery and radiotherapy are the most suitable remedies for colon cancer. However, some gastrointestinal diseases like constipation do not require medical attention. Adequate physical exercise a heavy intake of fluids can fix constipation without going to the doctor....
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Disorders

...?American Psycho and Schizophrenia American Psycho became a cult ic on account of the chilling characterization of the titular “psycho” in the film, Patrick Bateman. He lived in Wall Street, worked for a financial company, lived a luxurious life and was dating a pretty society girl. In short he was an ideal American: rich, successful and handsome. It made the film’s narrative terrifyingly engaging because as he lived his perfect life, Bateman was also living a darker version of himself, a persona with spectacular anger issues, killing people at will. People might be entertained about the entire affair and about Bateman as a character but it closely resembles the life of person with serious psychological disorder that...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Helicobacter pylori in gastrointestinal disorders

...). Some of the pathological mechanisms of gastric carcinoma due to H. pylori infection include: “morphologic alterations like atrophic gastritis, gastrointestinal metaplasia mediated by COX-2 overexpression, cancer cell invasion, and neo-angiogenesis via TLR2/TLR9 system and transcription factors (e.g., NF-kappaB) activation” (Hatakeyama & Brzozowski, 2006). H. pylori infection also enhances the expression and activity of adhesion molecules (Hatakeyama & Brzozowski, 2006). This results in increased “oxidative stress interacting with gastric production of appetite hormone ghrelin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs” (Hatakeyama & Brzozowski, 2006). The A-like cells in the normal gastric fundic...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Gastrointestinal disorders

...Pharmacy practice audit: Optimising the use of OTC Analgesics RESULT IN DETAILS Is the the patient: YES NO NOT ASKED 60% 30% 10% 60% of the customers walk in to the pharmacy and explain their respective symptoms to the pharmacist or pharmacy staff. 2- Patient age: About 90% of the customers who came into the pharmacy belong to age group ranging from 13 – 65 years. The rest of the 10% of the customers belong to the elderly group with age ranging from 65 years old and above. 3- Customer presentation: DIRECT PRODUCT REQUEST SYMPTOM – BASED REQUEST 30% 70% 70 % of the patients express their symptoms to the pharmacist or the pharmacy... practice...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Disorders

...Temple Grandin: “An Anthropologist on Mars” - A Discussion of Autism Temple Grandin is a success story that should be used as a warning against stereotyping people with disorders and labeling them as victims of a condition. Grandin has been able to achieve her doctorate degree as well as become a leading authority in her field. However, Grandin also suffers from autism, a condition that is often considered beyond hope of finding a way to successfully function within society. Using the example of Ms. Grandin, it can be understood that many conditions that displace a person from society should be considered for their true debilitating effects rather than for those which are defined through sociological structures that the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Gastrointestinal Disorders I

...Peptic Ulcers Peptic Ulcers. A peptic ulcer is an open sore in the lining of the stomach (gastric ulcer), the duodenum (duodenal ulcer), or sometimes in the oesophagus (esophageal ulcer). A peptic ulcer develops when the mucuos membrane which protects the alimentary canal from digestive juices and acids is damaged. This permits stomach acids to penetratet the sensitive lining underneath, resulting in an ulcer. The chief precipitating factor for an ulcer is the presence of the infection-causing bacterium, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). H. pylori infection is very common, but does not always result in ulcers. H. pylori is transmitted through contaminated food and water, and spreads through contact witth the stool, vomit... Ulcers Peptic...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Gastrointestinal Disorders

...the following; Upper endoscopy The endoscope is inserted through the mouth and down the stomach to look for the nature of the gastric mucosa. Mucous inflammation is assessed and a biopsy is taken for histological examination (Brunner et.al.2010). Blood tests The red blood cells count is determine to rule out anemia that can be a complication of gastritis due to excessive mucosal bleeding. This will also help take corrective measures in managing the complication Fecal occult blood test This is done to determine hematochezia that is an indication of upper gastrointestinal bleeding thus an indication of gastritis. Treatment of gastritis Gastritis can be managed both pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically. Non...
1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay

Disorders

...) observed that obesity increases the risk of other conditions such as hypertension, diabetes, skeletal disorder s and respiratory diseases. A thorough assessment should be carried out which includes; a random or fasting glucose level, a plasma lipid profile, serum TSL levels, blood pressure, documentation of any physical effects (joint pains, breathing difficulties, sleep disturbance) and documentation of any psychological effects (low self esteem, depression) (Kaestner, 2009). Patient expectations: Patient’s expectations about weight loss are influenced by what they read and see in the media and others around them including healthcare professionals (Kielincher, Hill & Green, 2003). Practitioners are supposed to ensure...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Gastrointestinal Disorders and Treatments Discussion

...Gastrointestinal disorders and treatments discussion due: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) will be the topic of discussion. The most common signs include heartburn, inflammation of the esophagus and acid regurgitation. In order to diagnose GERD accurately, it is important to assess laryngeal thoroughly. Diagnosis of the illness includes Bernstein test, endoscopy, 24hr ambulatory PH, a short course of acid suppressive treatment, and patient’s signs and symptoms (Richter & Castell, 2012). (PPIs) Proton pump inhibitors and (H2RAs) H2-receptor antagonists class of drugs is used for gastroesophageal reflex disorder therapy. For short-term treatment, PPIs are more effective compared to...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Gastrointestinal Disorders for FREE!

Contact Us