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Gastroesophageal Reflux - Research Paper Example

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This research paper highlights gastroesophageal reflux disease, the factors contributing to the disease, outlines the treatment objectives, examines the use of surgical intervention in advanced cases, and determines the importance of dietary intervention through food and nutrition…
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Gastroesophageal Reflux
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Download file to see previous pages The research paper "Gastroesophageal Reflux" highlights gastroesophageal reflux disease, the factors contributing to the disease, outlines the treatment objectives, examines the use of surgical intervention in advanced cases, and determines the importance of dietary intervention through food and nutrition. Further, the role of esophageal dysmotility in GERD and the significance of esophageal peristalsis as an antireflux mechanism has been confirmed by Diener, Patti, Molena et al.
Twin studies have indicated the role of genetic factors, by which hereditability accounted for 31% to 43% of the possibility of reflux disease. This suggests that both genetic and environmental components play important parts in the emergence of the condition. The Environmental factors include lifestyle factors specifically the impact of being overweight and obese, improper dietary habits, the absence of regular physical activity, as well as smoking are considered as potential risk factors for GERD. However, Festi et al qualify that “the exact pathogenic role of these factors is still under debate, and the beneficial effect of specific recommended changes in lifestyle habits is also controversial”. The treatment objectives include the elimination of heartburn and reflux into the esophagus, neutralization of gastric acidity, achievement and maintenance of desirable body weight to improve mechanical and postural conditions, avoidance of large meals that increase gastric pressure and alter pressure on the lower esophageal sphincter. ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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