Gastro esophageal reflux disease is a chronic disorder of the digestive system where food, fluids, and stomach juices return back to the esophagus from the stomach. It can occur to people of any age, though it is most common in infants. This can cause irritation to the…
Download file to see previous pages...
Heartburn is a common symptom for GERD. Other symptoms may occur less frequently though indicative of GERD including: acid regurgitation, excess saliva, chronic sore throat, chest pain, gum inflammation, chronic sore throat and chest pain. Harsh stomach acids can damage the esophageal lining. Reflux risk factors include alcohol use, pregnancy, obesity and smoking. Reflux and heartburn are worsened by pregnancy. Asthmatic people have higher risks of developing GERD. Flare-ups of asthma cause the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) to relax, therefore allowing the backflow of stomach contents into the esophagus. Asthma medications worsen reflux symptoms (Joel & Ritcher, 2014). Acid reflux may also make the symptoms of asthma worsen through irritating the lungs and the airways, leading to more serious asthma.
However, the following is a patient education plan that focuses on conservation measures in treating GERD. Decreasing the portion size at mealtime may be helpful in controlling symptoms. Taking meals 2-3 hours prior to bedtime may aid in lessening reflux through decreasing stomach acid and emptying it partially. Additionally, being overweight is often associated with worse symptoms of GERD. Overweight patients should find relief in losing some of their weight (Gary, 2008). Moderate exercise is considered to improve GERD symptoms, but vigorous exercises may worsen the symptoms.
Moreover, when sleeping, the patient is advised to elevate the head of the bed at least 6-8 inches, or to sleep on a wedge-shaped bed that is specially designed. This reduces heartburn by allowing gravity minimize stomach contents reflux into the esophagus. It is advisable that the patient does not use a pillow to prop him/her up; this only adds pressure on the stomach, worsening the situation. Cigarette smoking and taking and alcohol usually weakens the LES. Symptoms of GERD may be reduced by halting smoking and stopping alcohol taking behavior. Along with diet and lifestyle
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
(“Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/nursing/1693121-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
(Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
“Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/nursing/1693121-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease.
Celiac Disease: Nutrition Teaching Plan Case Study 10 year old James was brought to the pediatric out patient department by his mother with complaints of poor growth, poor appetite, frequent episodes of diarrhoea, bloating of abdomen, irritability and recurrent abdominal pain.
It is one of the main causes of causes of death in the USA and costs the taxpayer over 46 billion annually in treatment. There are two forms of COPD according to past diagnosis cases. Chronic Bronchitis is one form its main symptom is a cough, which will could last from as little as two months to over a year.
Rose Smith was referred for a psychological assessment by Dr. Stewart who considered that the disparity between the severity of her subjective pain symptoms (and subsequent impairment and distress) and typical lactose intolerance symptoms was unusual. The fact that her symptoms cannot be fully explained by a confirmed medical condition, substance abuse or another mental disorder (this may require further investigation, considering her psychiatric history) points to the possibility that she may be suffering from a Somatoform Disorder (or 300.82 Somatic Symptom Disorder in DSM-5, 5th ed.; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013).
This means that both paternal grandparents of Peter were carriers of the recessive gene. Peter also inherited one recessive gene and has become a carrier
The family history information rules out the gene for Tay-Sachs from Rita's mothers' side. Rita's father is a carrier of the recessive gene for Tay-Sachs disease and both her paternal grandparents were carriers too, it is rather evident because, of their two sons, one died of an unknown cause at a very young age, could have been from Tay-Sachs disease.
His temperature was 42 irregular. There was also a history of alcohol abuse.
The construction worker was rushed immediately to the emergency and a quick assessment was made. The person was in a semi- conscious condition, but taking into consideration all the above facts of the person who had suffered a setback due to Haematemesis, we are able to understand that the individual was getting on in age and the pressure of his job was more than he could handle.
h pneumonia is dangerous regardless of who has it, it can be potentially deadly in infants and the elderly - people whose immune systems are not fully developed or are weakening with age.
There are numerous kinds of pneumonia that range in seriousness from mild to
The writer states that the treatment of Tay-Sachs is probably going to be aggressive in nature. The child would probably have to take several medications simultaneously to treat his or her various medical conditions associated with Tay-Sachs. The child would also have to be on drugs that would slow dementia and muscle deterioration.
The author states that the conditions affecting normal body operation for the old man requires intervention to avert spiraling consequences and ensure a prolonged life. To begin with, the nurse ought to start by helping the patient feel at ease with the facility. Moreover, relevant tests to ascertain, the extent of the situation accompanying the CVD epidemic are imperative to take.