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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Its Implications - Case Study Example

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The paper "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Its Implications" discusses that GERD is one of the most common digestive disorders and has a high prevalence in the western world. As more and more people suffer from this disease, it is essential to find the cause and remedy for this disease…
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Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease and Its Implications
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Download file to see previous pages The gut modifies food physically and chemically and disposes of unusable waste. Physical and chemical modification (digestion) depends on exocrine and endocrine secretions and controlled movement of food through the gastrointestinal tract [2].
The large, hollow organs of the digestive system contain muscle that enables their walls to move. The movement of organ walls helps to propel food and liquid and also mix the contents within each organ. Typical movement of the esophagus, stomach and intestine is called peristalsis. The esophagus is the organ into which the swallowed food is pushed. It connects the throat above with the stomach below. During swallowing the upper esophagus sphincter relaxes to enable the food to be propelled rapidly into the esophagus without entering the respiratory tract. At the junction of the esophagus and stomach, there is a ringlike valve also called the Lower Esophagus Sphincter (LES) closing the passage between the stomach and the esophagus. The malfunctioning of LES results in the disease called the Gastroesophagal Reflux Disease (GERD).
There are several types of disorders associated with the digestive system that interfere with the normal digestion. If food is not properly digested, several problems such as acid reflux and heartburn symptoms, bloating of the stomach, nausea and vomiting, etc. may develop. This paper focuses mainly on GERD and its implications as Gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is a highly prevalent disease. One in seven Americans suffers from heartburn daily while one in five has weekly symptoms [3].
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which the acids from the stomach move backwards into the esophagus (an action called reflux). The band of muscle tissue called a lower esophageal sphincter (LES) responsible for closing and opening the lower end of the esophagus are essential for maintaining a pressure barrier against contents from the stomach. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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