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Type 2 Diabetes - Research Paper Example

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Name: Title: Course: Tutor: Date: Type 2 Diabetes Introduction Also referred to as diabetes mellitus, diabetes refers to a condition where the human body fails to properly use sugar. It would therefore be characterized with high levels of glucose. Glucose is known to provide the energy needed in carrying out everyday activities, usually ingested through drinks and foods…
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Type 2 Diabetes
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Download file to see previous pages Failure by the cells to absorb glucose results to collection of sugar in the bloodstream or leaving through urine. This results into various types of diabetes which could be type 1, type 2 or gestational. Brill refers to diabetes as a “growing epidemic” based on the recent World Health Organization statistics showing the rapid increase in diabetes prevalence from 30 million to 230 million, estimated to hit 366 million by 2030 (11). It has also been established that out of these people with diabetes, between 5 and 10 percent have type 1 diabetes. Of major concern is the type 2 diabetes noted to be most common with a prevalence of between 90 and 95 percent among those suffering from diabetes as documented by the National Center for Biotechnology Information. While it used to be associated with the elderly above their fifth decade, the disease now increasingly affects even children as young as 15. Literature Review It would be critical to understand the nature of type 2 diabetes prior to evaluating it in the context of literature. With this form of diabetes, the pancreas would continue producing insulin. However, the beta cells would either produce insulin in minimal quantities or the fat and muscle cells of the body would fail to recognize insulin, referred to as insulin rejection (Brill 17). As this sugar fails to enter cells, it would remain in the bloodstream. It usually taking long before type 2 diabetes would be diagnosed. In fact, Allman (19) notes that complications resulting from type 2 diabetes would be exhibited after decades of living with the disease. But unlike in the ancient days where this disease was associated with the elderly, type 2 diabetes has increasingly affected children. According to Yaturu (80), obesity affects 15% of American children and adolescents. In childhood, BMI changes with age substantially hence the importance of understanding type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents with regard to public health. In these obese children, tolerance to glucose would be impaired, a condition associated with pre-development of the type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes has been attributed to excessive glucose in the blood. The amount of glucose in the blood would normally be measured in a deciliter of blood. For normal cases, Allman (16) notes that this amount would be between 60 and 100 milligrams per deciliter, connoted as 60 – 100 mg/dl. This is referred to as the normal fasting blood glucose, FBG level by Riaz (368). A milligram is such a small quantity yet this composition of glucose in this quantity plays a critical role in propagating the health of body cells and should be maintained at the right range. The delicate balance between the secretion of insulin by beta cells in the pancreas and the sensitivity of insulin of peripheral tissues – liver, adipose tissue and muscle - maintains the normal glucose homeostatis (Yaturu 81). When the composition of glucose in blood goes beyond 125 mg/dl, the person would be considered to have diabetes. Such people exhibit tendencies of their blood sugars skyrocketing. In type 2 diabetes in as much as the pancreas continues to produce insulin, such insulin does not unlock the cells because of the cells’ resistance to insulin, making it hard for glucose to enter the cells. This insulin ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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