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Insulin resistance results due to a resistance offered by the target cells to the effects of insulin. In such cases, insulin is not deficient, instead the target tissues, like the fat, liver and muscle cells fail to respond to insulin; this also results in greater levels of blood glucose, leading to diabetes, as glucose is not stored in these cells.
Blood glucose is diagnosed after performing the ‘fasting’ or ‘random’ blood glucose tests. The fasting blood glucose test requires the testing of blood glucose levels early in the morning after an overnight fast. If it comes more than 126 mg/dl at two different occassions, it is diagnosed as diabetes.
Another diagnostic test is called as the ‘glucose tolerance test’ in which the patient is first tested for the fasting blood glucose level; the patient is then offered a glucose solution to drink with a standard preparation and then again blood glucose level is tested after two hours, which is then labelled as higher than normal if it is above 200 mg/dl.
A healthy life style includes an increased physical activity and a healthy diet intake. According to the results of a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine, obesity was described as the single most important risk factor for development of diabetes mallitus. This study showed that a regular exercise, for about half an hour daily atleast five days a week, along with the a low fat and high fiber diet greatly prevented the development of type II diabetes in high risk individuals involved in this study.
Some doctors also believe that all individuals having a strong family history of diabets must be screened for their blood sugar levels as soon as they reach the age of thirty years, even if they are symptomless. This can help prevent them from developing this disease as they can be advised the life style modifications along with anti diabetic medicines if they have higher levels of
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This essay focuses on the Diabetes Mellitus, that is referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes and is more or less considered as an adult condition though research carried out so far indicates that the condition is not only affecting adults but also the youths of which to a larger extent inherited from the diabetic family lineage.
Understanding of genetic polymorphism is facilitated by considering the differences of genetic pools among various ethnic groups in the world. Although Arabs are usually identified as Caucasians, modern Arab populations, especially in Egypt, Palestine, Jordan and Lebanon, are the result of a long history of blending with different human races (Der Kalustian et al.,1980). Arabs, Africans, Europeans, and other Asian people intermarried during wars, mass migrations, trade and religious practices (pilgrimage).
One of the deadly complications of diabetes is coronary artery disease which is attributed to imbalance in lifestyle. Diabetes has affected approximately 200 million individuals worldwide and expected to double by 2030 (Bottino & Trucco, 2005).
(Mycek, 2007). Diabetes is usually divided into two types, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 1 diabetes mellitus and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 2 diabetes mellitus or Adult onset diabetes. (Boylan, 2007) Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes accounting 85-90% of all people with diabetes.
mmon symptoms include high glucose concentration, relatively deficient insulin, fatigue, blurred vision, itchiness, weight loss, frequent urination, feeling thirsty among others. The risk factors of this disease according to Hanas (2007) are; increased weight (obesity),
The disease normally affects insulin, whereby not enough insulin is produced to handle blood sugar level (Braham, 2011). This disease commonly affects adults but recently there has been increase in the number of children being infected with it (Goldstein, 2013).
Nonketotic hyperosmolar coma and fatal ketoacidosis may result if the disease is left untreated. Complications that relate to chronic kidney and cardiovascular disease link to diabetes mellitus. There are two main
Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disorder of carbohydrate metabolism. The condition is characterized by hyperglycaemia and glosure that results in "... resistance to insulin action, inadequate insulin secretion and excessive or inappropriate glucagon secretion". Type 2 diabetes results from beta-cell dysfunction and is characterized by insulin resistance.
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