Download file to see previous pages...
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic condition of enhanced blood sugars in the body in terms of millimoles of glucose in a liter of blood (mmol/l). The normal blood sugar level in a healthy individual ranges between 4 and 7 mmol/l, and in children this range is between 4 and 8 mmol/l. These figures are usually low in the morning and highest after taking meals, however, homeostatic functions of the blood usually maintain the blood glucose level within the normal limits after some time (Beaglehole 2003, p904). After taking a meal, the ideal level should not exceed 9 mmol/l for a time period of 90 minutes, and in children this should not exceed 10 mmol/l. For diabetics, the blood glucose level is outside these normal ranges unless the individuals are treated. When testing a person for diabetes, various blood glucose levels are taken after about eight hours of fasting (Fasting Blood Sugar). Blood sugar levels are then categorized into various classes.
a) Normal – 4 to 5.6 mmol/l
b) Pre-diabetes/ Impaired glucose tolerance 5.6 to 7 mmol/l
c) Diagnosis of diabetes – greater than 7 mmol/l
Glucose is the body’s source of energy for metabolism, and it is controlled and regulated by the hormone insulin that is produced by the Islets of Langerhans (Beta cells), cells found in the pancreas. Generally, insulin regulates the entry and utilization of glucose in body tissues after liver metabolism. When the amount of glucose in blood is higher than normal, insulin regulates the conversion of excess glucose into glycogen that is a storage form of glucose. When the level is lower than normal, another pancreatic hormone glucagon regulates the conversion of glycogen into blood glucose. Diabetes will develop when there is inadequate or no production of insulin by the pancreas (DM type 1/juvenile diabetes/insulin dependent diabetes) or when the body is unresponsive to the produced insulin (DM type 2/insulin resistant diabetes) (Buchanan, Xiang & Peters 2002, p2802). Type 1 versus Type 2 Diabetes DM type 1 is an autoimmune disorder that has a genetic predisposition and affects mainly children and young adults who are less than 30 years old, however, older adults may be affected. It has no sexual preponderance, with an equal incidence in the male and female sex. It affects about 15% of people with diabetes. The exact pathology behind this condition has not been understood clearly, however, environmental
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
This essay focuses on the Diabetes Mellitus, that is referred to as non-insulin-dependent diabetes and is more or less considered as an adult condition though research carried out so far indicates that the condition is not only affecting adults but also the youths of which to a larger extent inherited from the diabetic family lineage.
Hawthorne (2011) notes that diabetes has emerged as one of the scariest diseases in the world. At the same time, studies show that the prevalence of diabetes is on the rise worldwide. According to a recent survey, about 360 million people are living with diabetes (Hawthorne, 2011). This number accounts for about 8.5% of the world’s population.
A case study is a detailed analysis of a person or group, especially as a model of medical, psychiatric, psychological, or social phenomena. The case study is one of several ways of doing social science research. Other ways include experiments, surveys, multiple histories, and analysis of archival information.
In diabetes mellitus it can be generally seen that a person suffers from polyuria, polydipsia and polyphagia. Moreover the person also gets fatigued easily, suffers from infections, has a reduced wound
a long period of time from between the parties who were in favor of ocean dumping and those who were against it but Federal Ocean Policy went through a considerable change during the President ship of Ronald Reagan. Eventually United States changed its strategy from ocean
This information helps in identifying the current position of the organizational against the expected r assumed position. This information acts as a reality check.
The key main issues or problems that need to be addressed in this case study are the reasons for the
Luke lacks parental love from both parents since his mother and father broke up (Broderick and Blewitt, 2009).
The other developmental issue is spousal relationship and commitment. Due to the different parental
Within the sample, 46% were of machine type 3 which had the lowest rating of 155 parts per minute. 24% of the sample was of type 1 which had the highest rating of 700ppm. However, 30% of the sample was of machine type 2 which had
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Case study: Diabetes mellitustype 2 for FREE!