In fact, the various warring militant groups in the region used rape as a powerful weapon of war in the region. Rapes and sexual assaults against women, girls and young children had extremely brutal forms in the D.R.C. Despite international recognition of the problem and efforts by the international community and the U.N to tackle the issue, levels of rape in eastern DRC continue to remain higher.
However, when the character started to grow up and mature in adolescence, she was confronted by a classmate that told her that she had a huge nose and fat legs. While she was smart, strong, healthy, coordinated and sexual, all good qualities that a female would want to possess, she still found being criticized for her appearance.
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Although modern times have seen a diversification in the roles that males and female plays and how they are perceived, there is still a perception of femininity and masculinity. Many aspects of society act to repress traditional images and perceptions of masculinity, such as the economic climate, the proliferation of other male roles, and the perception that some masculine aspects are detrimental and should not be encouraged.
The conclusion from this study states that Doloff’s male students did not like the idea of the task given to them, and it hurt their male chauvinistic ego to step into female gender’s shoes for a day. All this relates to the gender stereotypes that society associates with the two genders, and hence they become permanently unable to come out of their assigned gendered premises.
Democracy should not be interpreted as the right of people to exercise their political call. It is rather the establishment of an egalitarian society. A society that balances on the social welfare, economic, and the political choices of the people.
Numerous theories and studies have come to explain the experiencing phenomena, trying to trace the roots of the emergence of a social issue, and the factors that led to the realization of the issues at hand. Feminism has been a social issue since time immemorial.
Gender organizes our world into pink or blue. As we grow up most of us naturally fit in into our gender roles, girls wear dresses and play with dolls; for boys its pants and trucks. But for some children ... they insist they're born into the wrong bodies.
Children and women who are nationals of US, as well as immigrants, face the increasing threat of becoming the victims of sex trafficking industries, which is amongst the fastest growing criminal industries in the world and these people are making billions of dollars by victimizing innocent children and women.
forms his or her own identity.2 Critical race theories which recognizes the categorization of white and black and homosexuals and heterosexuals assumes that racial minorities and non-heterosexuals are marginalized in sports.3 This research study argues however, the critical race theory and intersectional theory offer limited insight into both the opportunities for acceptance and rejection of minorities in sport.
It is found that child masturbation in particular could hardly be understood by looking at it merely from a single perspective. Theoretical concepts about sexuality should therefore be integrated in order to understand the multifaceted nature of bodies, sexualities and identities especially within the issue about child masturbation.
The queer theory became a quite significant field of study which ignited from an act of resistance in 1969 at a bar called Stonewell located on Christopher village, New York. The gay and the lesbian movement changed their prevalent deviant conjecture to a whole new identity in the world.
The paper also analyses the question of whether women are the main victims of harassment as well as whether sexual harassment is a global issue. The final part of the paper will look into examples of women rights at the work place and ways to eliminate sexual harassment at the work place.
In some nations like the US, the gender roles have greatly changed over time, unlike in the Afghanistan where the traditional status of society still continue to prevail despite the oppression of one gender against the other. The gender differences are evident in the work place roles, family roles, income, among many others.
The male masculinity will be looked in a comprehensive way both covering the male perspective and the female perspective in the workplace atmosphere. The stereotyping has a major impact on the workplaces and in most cases it can lead to discrimination especially if the stereotyping brings about the aspect of male masculinity.
Whatever the perception may be, in many countries around the world, women are not allowed to make the decision regarding whether or not they would like to get their pregnancies aborted. This has led to a very heated argument because even though both men and women take part in sexual intercourse which may lead to pregnancy.
This is because many of the factors that sum up to make up issues relation to gender specific work issues have tended to affect many females than they have affected males. In fact, gendered experience of work is largely understood to refer to feminist issues. Even so, there are occasionally scattered cases in which feminist theories may not apply as the foundation upon which all arguments emanate (Alsop et al., 2002, p. 154).
This may often end up in doing any type of sexual or other activities and result into closeness of the persons belonging to same sex. American Psychological Association defines Sexual Orientation as “Sexual orientation refers to an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to men, women, or both sexes.
Historically, gender inequality has always been based on perceptions that men and women are different from one another (Okin, 1996). Sexual orientation presents challenges to the perceptions of gender identity and while it should challenge the perception that men and women are different, it only adds another threshold for scrutinizing gender identities and justifying gender discrimination (Standfort, 2005).
Film Les Miserables and Masculinity
This paper is a literary film analysis. It presents the film Les Miserables, a musical adaptation of a literary masterpiece by Victor Hugo. This paper is written for the purpose of analyzing the film from the basis of relevant studies on the male gender or masculinity.
According to the paper the media through advertising is effective in convincing women that they need products to solve certain problems for example their body image. The body image is most of the times portrayed as undesirable or unacceptable for example, obese or big bodies. Women with low levels of self-confidence resort to dieting and weight loss programs that in most cases lead them to eating disorders and Anorexia Nervosa.
There is a lot of literature that talks about the homosexuality in the Greeks and the Romans. For example, the Emperor Nero in ancient Rome twice got married to men (Kulkarni, 2011). The Holy Books also discuss some nations that were punished for being homosexual. In the contemporary age, homosexuals are spread all over the world. Several countries have legalized homosexuality.
Women have participated in the United States forces from the very beginning. However their contribution in the services is not well documented in the early days. Therefore it is difficult to assess their exact role and nature of participation in the war. However renowned historian Kerbed have mentioned that served in various capacities that did not involve combat duties like espionage, nurses and other feminine chores.
However, they tend to be articles of clothing or parts of the body, such as hair or nails (Kafka, 2009). The disorder, as defined by the DSM, is one that is suffered almost exclusively by males (Kafka, 2009). These fetishes develop in childhood or early adolescence, and may be in response to sexual abuse (Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders).
For the years 2004 and 2006 to 2009, the year- on-year growth in birth rate has been negative. The birth rate “is usually the dominant factor in determining the rate of population growth” (Index Mundi 1). The low birth weight and slow population growth has impacted negatively upon the Canadian economy, causing a significant concern of an impending labor shortage in the future.
Created in the 1950s, Barbie typified the stereotyped image of the ideal woman. Even in the 1950s, she was at least a decade behind what the “true American woman” was living. Part of the love/hate relationship American women have with Barbie is that she flawlessly pursues the American dream of happiness is material wealth,
This essay explores the contemporary artistic representations of males and females. In creating gaming images, contemporary artistic renditions of characterizations integrate the form with the activity of the character, an instance where art comes alive. One of the first representations of the sexualized heroine in a video game was Lara Croft.
From the moment of birth onwards, a child is categorized according to its biological sex, and then named and dressed in a way which marks out its allocated gender. Scholars in the fields of sociology and gender studies have pointed out, however, that it is neither helpful nor accurate to use gender as if it were a clear and simple category of male or female.
According to the research findings, in order to work the best way out which accords with both the religion and culture of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia's Shura Council has come up with certain recommendations which are quite logical and reasonable. According to these recommendations, a woman is allowed to drive only if she fulfills certain conditions imposed by Islam upon her (AINA).
Male body and female body have some difference at least in appearance or shape. Moreover, generally, males exhibit more mental power than the females. Because of this physical and psychological differences between males and females, gender roles or duties were perceived differently in the Past.
This report makes a conclusion that The development of self-identity is of crucial importance for any person. Having identified ourselves, we can further develop our lives. In the modern society, with its overall processes of globalization, different boundaries are blurred. The same happens to the large part of individuals: sometimes they cannot identify who they really are. The research is focused on the discussion about lesbians, gays and bisexuals identify themselves and the way society attitudes to these individuals.
Though once viewed as strongly against the religious belief, moral values and ethics, and had been vehemently criticized by an overwhelming majority of the people at large all over the world, several western countries have allowed the practicing of the same provided both the parties to the contract exercise gay sexual union with free consent and without coercion or undue influence.
A target group which shows unique difficulties is with Native Alaskan elders, specifically because of the expectations that are associated with lifestyle as well as contemporary changes that have altered lifestyle needs. Evaluating the needs of the elders, looking at the complexity of the situation and identifying the conditions based on individual preferences and social institutions helps to create a deeper understanding of the issues pertaining to this group in society.
The dearth of women in scientific careers continues despite attempts by educators and legislators alike to equalize this prevailing gender gap. Research still attempts to find a definitive empirical explanation for women’s absence from the sciences. A recent column in the New York Times highlighted the findings of a Duke University study wherein the researchers reported that “our data clearly show that there are sex differences in cognitive abilities in the extreme right tail, with some favoring males and some favoring females.
The estimates for the number of women and children that are trafficked ranges from several hundred thousand individuals annually, to numbers in the very millions. When it comes to providing an estimate for the total number of women trafficked throughout history, of course that number is in the tens of millions, and indeed, the author maintains that this is a practice that has been going on for centuries, and across cultures.
Civil rights activists along with women’s groups have distorted government statistics in an effort to ‘raise the alarm’ regarding the disparity of career opportunities for women as compared to their male counterparts. The ‘glass ceiling’ is a flawed expression founded on distorted facts and actually did not ever exist.
The never-ending talk of gender and sexual equality goes on unabated. The various laws and enactments have failed to bring about equality for women. The change has to be achieved through inner transformation of men and women. God has created women with the status of more-equal.
Gender bias is predominately viewed as male behaviours that adversely affect women. The literature provides extensive insight into gender bias behaviours; the impact of these behaviours on (undergraduate) women; potential reasons for gender bias including power, traditional stereotyping, and social conditioning; and recommended corrective actions (Fritschner, 2000).
Scientists have found different wide of opinions on how people and perceive violence. For example, a person receiving a dead threat and being executed is not considered a violent act by the executioner. Violence is a physical inducement of force that continues to be a controversial topic in the 21st century.
The challenge for Zuckerberg was that he never really had a place to belong. He tried to have friends but they ended up disappointing him in some way and he would seek revenge on them. In most instances, his revenge came in violating their privacy on one of his websites or in his blog.
From this definition, it is apparent that rape affects both males and females, but Dena (2011) notes that it is mainly perpetrated by men and boys against women and girls. Rape is universally recognized as an immoral action, but the widespread practice of the vice in the world demonstrates how it is misconceived and even legitimized.
A theoretical framework that is built around a universal notion of gender has both strengths and weaknesses. Theoretical perspective may be focused on politics, structural functionalism, education and social reproduction, structure and agency.
Sex of a human being plays an essential role at every stage of his life. Gender of a person shapes most of the personal, professional, social and family aspects of his life. Moreover, the environment in which a person grows also contributes towards development of beliefs and outlook related to gender.
However, whilst the world has entered into the twenty first century, where the social, political, economic, and business spheres have experienced ongoing changes, it has elevated the role of women in the society and in the corporate world to a positive extent (Cleveland & Stockdale & Murphy, 2000).
Societies have their own perspective angles for considering the outlook of the personality of every individual based on their respective gender role. There are many concepts of life basically classified in to approvable or regretful for both men and women.
The images of slim female bodies having a perfect look are everywhere: on Television, in printed media etc. These lucrative body shapes are able to sell anything they advertise, whether it is a perfume, a mobile phone, a car or even an after-shave. However, this growing trend of portraying skinny models as icons of fashion creates.
Women have been victim of inferior treatment and oppression since a long time. Different societies throughout the world are patriarchal and male dominated and hence, females have never got the freedom to utilize their rights or to express themselves in the society.
In her 2001 Sweatshop Warriors: Immigrant Women Workers Take on the Global Factory Miriam Ching Yoon Louie, provides a gripping account of “the global sweatshop pyramid of exploitation”(6) and the darkest economic and political forces behind it. The book focuses on the stories of immigrant women from Mexico, Korea and China, employed in the factories of the biggest American retailers.
She has seen periods where she was discouraged to work outside the home, yet her work inside the home was not deemed valuable to society. She has been oppressed in bad marriages, yet had little recourse to leave. Finally, she has seen a period where she has entered the labor force, therefore has money of her own, and this, in turn, has made her less beholden to the man she married.
Despite attempts to distance gender from biology, we need to accept biology as an important aspect of gender and sexuality. Is there a return to biological understandings of gender and is this a return or an advance? Contents Contents 2 Introduction 3 An Understanding of the Current Debates made on Gender, Sex, Sexuality and Culture 4 Theoretical Complexity in Relation to Sex and Gender 5 Investigating the Political Fervour Related to the Utility, Relevance and Scope of Categorisation based on Sex and Gender Criteria 7 An understanding of the above investigation in relation of a Complex and Contest driven Society 8 Conclusion 9 References 11 Introduction The concepts of gender and sexuality a
Gender based violence is a common problem that occurs because of relationship based powers that are associated within families. When looking at immigrant families from Sub – Sahara Africa and living in Italy, it is noted that specific relationships to gender based violence occur. Examining the relationship to gender based violence and immigrant families living in Italy also provides a different form of insight into the amount of violence which occurs and the relationship that this holds to ethnicity or immigration.