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Cloning - Research Paper Example

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Cloning Author 4/24/2011 Cloning Abstract The twentieth century served to be a period of much research and innovations in the scientific field. These processes and researches were carried ahead in the twenty first century. Stem cell research and cloning are some of the most important techniques…
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Download file to see previous pages This is the very reason that an identical clone is formed through this process. The future of cloning depends totally on the new researches which are being done. Cloning Cloning so far has not been successful as it was expected. A sheep dolly was cloned in the year 1996 and it was considered as one of the most successful cloning experiment on an animal. Cloning has never showed any positive results on human beings. Cloning has been approved by many scientists and groups who argue that it holds the potential for many benefits for human beings and can serve to provide results and treatments that other methods have failed to provide. On the other hand, cloning has been rejected on the basis of ethical considerations. It has faced social as well as religious criticism owing to many reasons which include the fact that cloning has not yielded any major benefits as yet and also it serves to challenge the normal working and equilibrium of the world (Human cloning 2011; Phil B). Cloning is a process which can be compared to the stem cell research. Extracting stem cells and using them for curing diseases uses the process of cloning. Currently many research therapies are being carried out to find the viability of the stem cells. A study done in New England Journal of Medicine validates the use of stem cells in the patients who are suffering from leukemias. The research undertook many patients into consideration who were suffering from leukemias and their treatment options. The research then compared the patients who were provided with stem cell transplants with those who were not and it was found that stem cell transplant from newborn babies were effective in treating these patients. Thus it was concluded that leukemias can be treated with effective treatment by adult stem cells based on the process of cloning (Leukemia Patients Survive with Stem Cell Transplant, 2004). Similarly another research done by the UC researchers showed that bone marrow stem cells can be used to effectively treat disorders which are related to the eye. These stem cells can greatly help to cure the genetic eye disorders in children. Research done by the UC researchers was carried out on animals and the tests were positive. This showed that stem cells may also effectively work on human subjects to cure eye disorders (Bone Marrow Stem Cells May Cure Eye Disease, 2007). Not only this, but it was also found that adult stem cells can be used to cure heart attacks by the British physicians. The new treatment helped the heart muscles to recover from the shock that the treatment received. In other words because of the patients own stem cells the patient could recover from a heart attack as their heart muscles could be revived (Julie Wheldon, 2006). Another research carried out on skin cells to make them act as the stem cells worked quite effectively in treating rats with diseases of the brain. Parkisons Disease is one of the examples which the rats were suffering from and showed improvement because of the stem cells. This clearly shows that embryonic stem cells which are considered to be the basic cells of an organism can provide a breakthrough in treatments of different diseases which were previously not curable. (Stem Cells from skin treat brain disease in Rats, 2008). Another research being carried out in Spain shows that stem cells can greatly help to treat genetic disorders such as the Crohn’s Disease. It was found that 20% of the patients on which the stem cell transpl ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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...? Cloning [Pick the of institute Introduction Cloning has now been the edge of modern medical science for a few decades now. The initial success that leading cloning experts and researchers had with the creation of a cloned sheep Dolly initiated the enthusiastic pursuit of this controversial discipline that has far reaching impacts on the biology of mankind, life and the society at large as well. The scientific term, “Cloning” is the replication of an organism such that its genetic makeup is the same and as a result it appears as a carbon copy of its original counterpart. Clones have the same physiology, external appearance and the same...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
...?Cloning Cloning can be defined as the asexual production of an original’s exact copy. Cloning can be performed to produce a single cell’s exact copythat is identical to the original cell and has exactly the same DNA sequence. Cloning is often used to form type specific cells. Cloning has also been performed on a scale as large as an individual organism an example of which was the sheep Dolly. There is a single parent in cloning unlike the reproduction which happens with the mating of two parents; a male and a female. Some plants have been demonstrating the process of cloning for thousands of years, but their contribution...
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...Human cloning defined most basically is the creating a human being. It is also called human reproductive cloning. The physician and essayist Lewis Thomas commented: "The cloning of human beings is on most of the lists of things to worry about from science, along with behavior-control, genetic engineering, transplanted heads, computer poetry, and the unrestrained growth of plastic flowers." (Notes of a biology watcher: on cloning a human being. N Engl J Med. 1974; 291:1296-97). It is this statement that serves as the basis of this paper. It is apparent that Dr. Thomas, years ago, knew that science would come to a point where the impossible is indeed achieved. The...
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...The importance of cloning  In this work I am going to investigate the different characteristics of cloning, how it came to be, the methodologies and how it works, and, in the process, determine its significance to humans. Introduction  There are several meanings being attached to cloning today and they cause confusion and uncertainty. However, the general definition that most scientists use in describing cloning is the one that pertains to the different processes for duplicating a biological material. Hence, the definition covers both the artificial and natural processes. Cloning by artificial means is the one most popularly identified with...
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...Incredibly I found this back in my inbox. I’m only sending this so as to put it back in the completed order section. No way am I “revising” this. Student name Instructor name Course name Date Cloning Introduction Cloning can be defined as the creating of an embryo by the somatic cell nuclear transfer method. This process entails implanting an organism’s DNA cells into an egg. This egg has had its DNA nucleus removed then treated with a chemical substance which induces the egg to perform as if fertilization has taken place. This procedure results in creating the embryonic growth of a new organism which contains the original organism’s entire genetic code. Hundreds of cloned mammals have...
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...Cloning is a term that refers to a process where a copy of a plant or an animal can be produced from the same animal or plant cells. For instance, a single cell of an animal or plant can be used to produce an identical animal. Research has shown that this biological process can also be applied to human beings in about 50 years (Collins). Though the issue of cloning human beings has received criticisms from different sectors of society, it can be observed that some people advocate for this process as a result of different reasons. For instance, parents who lose their children can clone other siblings that will resemble the lost kids. According to Sir Johns, cloning humans...
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Human cloning and animal cloning
... Due Effects of Human and Animal Cloning Introduction Cloning is the practice of creating genetically indistinguishablecopies of biological matter. It may comprise of genes, cells, tissues or the whole organisms (Donnellan, 2004. p6). According to section 302.1 of the human Cloning Prohibition Act, human cloning is defined as “asexual reproduction, that is carried out by introducing the nuclear material of a human somatic cell into a fertilized or unfertilized oocyte whose nucleus has been removed or inactivated to reproduce a living organism (at any stage of development) with human or predominantly human genetic constitution”. Animal cloning is the process of taking a single cell from an animal and be used in the reproduction... of an...
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...[Teacher’s Cloning Cloning has been one of the most widely discussed scientific topics in the past decade. Cloning has been applied in many fields including the creation of plants and animals. The key event marking the limitless potential of animal cloning was in 1997, when Willmut made the first animal clone of a lamb which was named Dolly (Wells, 251). However, the cloning of plants has been present for longer. The process involves the generation of genetically identical cells from one ancestral cell. For plants it is mainly utilized to create species with the ideal features for a particular environment. On the other hand, in animals,...
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