1 Police Department Organizational Change: Implementation of Community-Oriented Policing in the Last Ten Years A Bachelor’s Degree Essay/Paper (if it is applicable) Cherry Smith (your name here) Starlight University (your university here) 2 Introduction The past ten years have witnessed the increase of crime of different types in the United States…
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This paper investigates the reasons why policing in the communities has lately become ineffective, the common mistakes that have led to this poor policing strategy and the solutions required in changing the organization management of the police in the community so as to prepare the police officers for the new challenges inherent in their jobs. This paper explains the implementation of the organizational changes using the human resource transformational model that has been applied in other areas of organizational re-engineering (Glensor and Peak, 1996). Why Community-Oriented Policing Has Failed in the Past Ten Years? Several studies have shown that community-oriented policing began to fail in the United States due to the increasing distrust between the police and the communities in which they operate. Some of the common reasons for this distrust and lack of cooperation between the police and communities can be traced to the following factors: 3 (a) Excessive use of force: Milton et al (1977) explained how deadly an excessive use of force could be: Some police officers perceive themselves as more superior once they were in uniform. And in some cases, they threatened the public by their unethical behavior (Milton et al, 1977). Such an attitude often provokes a section of a community who might want to show distrust to police promise of protection. (b) On-the-job laxity: this is common among young officers who act improperly even when they are on duty. Sometimes, a police officer may let racial exasperation and prejudice take over his/her sense of duty to the community and the people and acted stupidly by creating chaos through lax attitude. No community will support such lackadaisical police attitude. (c) Understanding the community structure: Despite their rigorous trainings, many police officers haven’t fully grasped the complexity of the community’s structure they were expected to work in. And this often creates a condition of mistrust and misunderstanding (Mastrofski, 1999). 4 (d) Language barrier: As immigrants poured into the United States, so many new residents are still unable to hold a fruitful conversation in English; hence, they run into problems when arguing with an officer. These people could never trust police’s honesty since no fruitful communication is made. (e) Youth culture: Many cities are witnessing a surge in the number of unruly youths who are forming gangs and hate groups. These kinds of groups often hinder the police officer’s strong determination to pursue every case judiciously in the community (U.S. Department of Justice, 1998). Contemporary Police Organizational Change Management Processes The contemporary management processes in the police are evident in the three major procedures used by this criminal justice organization. Traditional techniques of supervision, leadership and management are still much in place at most police organizations worldwide. These three elements of police management have been instrumental to the current level of success in policing as the prevalence of crime has been drastically reduced in recent years (Iannone and Iannone, 2000). 5 (i) Supervision of the police officers: Undertaking supervisory actions on the activities of the police personnel has been deemed an active procedure to keep
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Community and Traditional Policing
Conventionally, the response of police to crime is expected after the occurrence of the scene due to the structure for supporting the routine patrol, speedy response to calls, arresting criminals and following up the investigations.
In the wake of the modern technological innovations, many organizations have sought to revamp their systems and structures by adopting technological mechanisms in their operations. Technology has been widely accepted as a systems enabler and synergistic element that could be relied upon for better results, efficient operations, and other positive aspects associated with any productive culture.
In spite of the recession faced in US, which hit them badly, the retail sector was the one which was less affected. The paper studies in detail regarding the major changes which the industry has encountered and also studies the operation of few of the key players of the global brands like Walmart, Costo.
Community policing involves reforming conclusion making processes and developing new cultures within police officers departments- it is not a packet of specific tactical plans. Community policing assumes a commitment to broadly focused, problem-oriented policing and requires that police be responsive to citizens' demands when they decide what local problems are and set their priorities (Rohe, et al, 2001).
The author states that Community-oriented policing is a law implementation viewpoint that engrosses a variety of strategies concerning the community such as neighbourhood policing, community policing and problem solving. Community-oriented policing is centred around the principle that the law enforcers are not restricted.
Met.police.uk (2011) quotes Richard Mayne’s 1829 writing that ‘crime prevention is the primary aim of an effectual police, the next aim being crime detection and punishment of criminals. Police must direct all their efforts to these ends. Richard Mayne further states that whether those efforts by the police have been effective or not and whether the police have achieved the purposes for which were appointed will only be proven by the absence of crime, protection of property and life, as well as the protection of public calm.’ Community policing, also referred to as problem-oriented policing or community-oriented policing has to do with re-identifying the role of the police as a facilit
This seems to be a good fit with the reinventing government concept of the 1990s where there was a greater emphasis on customer service by public administrators to treat the customer right (Bach, 2009).
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