We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Rwandan genocide - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Historical background The modern day Rwanda population is made up of three groups namely, the Hutu, the Tutsi and the Twa. The Twa known to be pygmies are the indigenous people of Rwanda. They lived in the jungle as they practiced hunting and gathering. Later the Hutus and the Tutsi moved into the country…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Rwandan genocide
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Rwandan genocide

Download file to see previous pages... They made a clear explanation that this was meant for ethnic distinction. In most cases, they considered the Tutsi to be superior to the rest of the population and replaced the Hutu leaders with the Tutsi. Later in1950s, the Belgians altered their support for the Tutsi elites; they opted to support the Hutus who were the majority. These changes came as a result of several events, it included influential priests who were active politically and were supporting revolution. The second event was the movement of liberation in the Africa and European colonies. The third event was the rebellion from the Tutsi dominated National Rwandese Union (Union Nationale Ruandaise, UNAR). They were against the Belgian rule and supported the monarchy rule. They wanted an immediate independence from the foreigners. The Belgians chose to support the PARMEHUTU (The Party for the Emancipation of the Hutus). In 1959, the Tutsi leader Mwaami Rudahigwa died immediately, the Hutus rose in rebellion killing several Tutsis. Those who died were estimated to be ten to one hundred thousand. However, Belgians did not intervene. Several refugees fled the country. In 1961, the Belgians pushed for elections and Gregoire Kayibanda, the leader of PARMEHUTU, came to power as the first president of Rwanda. In the same year, the country was declared independent, and it was granted formally in 1962. In an attempt to regain power, the Tutsi refugees from the neighboring countries organized major attacks between 1961 and 1964. Each attack resulted in a massacre of Tutsis who were still in the country. In 1973, Kayibanda was overthrown by Juvenal Habyarimana, the then Major General of the Army through a military coup. Kayibanda had ruled unfairly and favored Hutus from the southern Rwanda where he came from. This created the difference between the Hutus of the south and those of the northwest. Habyarimana came from the North West. He introduced a quota system in several institutions which included education and the government in an attempt of “fairness”. He decreed that the Tutsi’s percentage in schools, government offices and military should not be more than the percentage of the Tutsis population which was 9%. A census was organized for the definition of this percentage, and identity cards were re-issued indicating one’s ethnicity. The identity cards were vital tools used during the genocide. In 1990, Rwanda was attacked from the north by rebel group which known as the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF). Its composition was several refugees from the Uganda, Burundi, Tanzania, and Zaire. Fred Rwigyema who was the rebel’s group leader died and was replaced by Paul Kagame who was his close ally from the Ugandan National Resistance Army. Even though most members of the group died due to harsh conditions, the rebels who were disciplined and had appropriate training were a significant threat to the government. According to Lemarchand (2009), the most extreme elements of the Hutu elite formed Coalition for the Defense of the Republic (CDR). It comprised of the akazu a group that surrounded Habyarimana’s wife Madame Agathe Kanziga. The majority were close family members and friends from Ruhengiri and Gisenyi. They formed civilian militias known as the interahamwe. They had extreme racist ideas and increased fear among the Tutsi. According to Jones, (2010), the Hutu manifesto was published in December 1990 in Kangura newspaper that belonged to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
The Rwanda Genocide
One of the most outright and horrific displays of this destructive force was seen in the German treatment of the Jewish race before and during the Second World War. These events were part of the holocaust, associated with the Nazi notions of racial superiority especially in contrast with their notion of Jewish inferiority.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Genocide War between the Hutu and Tutsi people of Rwanda
The mass killings, whose basis was ethical, witnessed fierce attacks between the Tutsi and the Hutu communities in Rwanda. This paper seeks to discuss the genocide. The paper will look into the causes of the genocide, those who were responsible, scope of the genocide and possible involvement of foreign countries.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Holocaust,Hurricane Katrina,Rwandan Genocide
3 Sociological Events Holocaust The first article; “Social Representations of the Holocaust and Jewish Israeli Identity Construction: Insights from Identity Process Theory” is based on the event Holocaust. Holocaust is described as a systematic, state sponsored, bureaucratic prosecution event which resulted to the murder of over million Nazi and Jews regimes and their allies Jaspal and Maya (203).
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
The Rwandan Genocide
The message urged Hutus to arm themselves with firearms, machetes and even garden tools. The massacre lasted for 100 days, with the world around watching. The US and the UN have been the most criticized since they allowed the genocide to take place. In fact US Secretary of State, Warren Christopher didn't even like to call the killings in Rwanda as "genocide" until May 21.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Rwandan and Guatemalan Genocide
(Ushmm.org) When browsing the pages of history it comes out that genocide is also an impulse like the impulse of organization of power and "all that has changed through history is the technology of genocide." Moreover, its defined targets and the organization of impulse [of genocide] have also gone through changes in the pages of history.
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper
Project ;Genocide in rwanda: research and write a report on this topic
The foundation stone for this genocide was laid down by a couple of hard line extremist factions, namely the Interahamwe and the Impuzamugambi. In this genocide, nearly 500,000 ethnic Tutsis and thousands of Hutus were shot
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Compare the role of France and the United States in the Rwandan genocide and account for the differences you find
According to Gourevitch(1999), the roots of the idea of race science originated with European colonization of Rwanda by the Belgians, and resulted in a widespread policy of repression
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
The Rwandan genocide
Various other estimates claim the murder to be between 500,000 and 1,000,000 or in other words, equivalent to 20% of the total population of the country. A rebel group that comprised primarily of Tutsi refugees was called the Rwandan Patriotic Front in 1990. They
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Rwanda genocide
Racial superiority has caused much violence and many deaths for those who have been labeled, by the ‘superior’, as ‘inferior’, which has been spawned mostly by an extreme hatred for those viewed as different or inferior. Such acts of violence have resulted
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Was ethnicity the cause of the Rwandan genocide
Despite rich natural resources the continent has, Africa has not fully utilised these endowments to achieve economic recognition in
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Rwandan genocide for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us