Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

See No Evil The U.S. Response to the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Abstract: This paper proposes to analyze the case study of Rawandan genocide and US/UN response; by conducting a Meta analysis of the genocide itself and then by doing a Meso analysis of International response. The answers to the questions will be structured and linked together so as to construct a holistic analytical framework…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.5% of users find it useful
See No Evil The U.S. Response to the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "See No Evil The U.S. Response to the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda"

Download file to see previous pages The role of media will also be examined vis--vis as an aiding tool in the genocide and its deliberative inertia in generating public response. The international context of US foreign policy response will also be examined in the aftermath of Somalia and in the theoretical framework of national interest vs humanitarianism framework. The response of UN will also be examined under organizational interest. This approach to the case study will not only answer the posed questions but will also try to link the various dimensions and coordinates of this International Humanitarian crisis.
The problems of Africa have to be viewed within the inter-contextual relationships of colonization, decolonization, racism and 'neo-colonialism'. In the small country of Rwanda approximately 800000 to 1 million human beings were slaughtered within a span of just around hundred days; in a ruthlessly organized manner. In order to lend perspective to our analysis about US and UN apathy towards this incident it is imperative that we first examine the context of Rwanda as a post-colonial state.
Rwanda's underdevelopment in both social as well as economic terms, which precipitated the massacre, has to be understood in terms of colonial state 'manufacturing'. Post colonial Africa was divided not according to natural or even perhaps geographical barriers. Countries were created in accordance with the territorial occupation of colonial metropole. The cauldron of state creation in Africa was designed to serve the interests of the metropole. The new nations, right from the outset were plagued with structural anomalies. The development problem in its entire scope was a conscious construct of metropole. The local elite was created and co-opted in an 'international social structure' serving the world capitalist economy. These elites are 'trained' and 'conditioned' in to western habits of 'consumption' and 'values' so as to serve the metropolitan interest even after they have left (Zartman.1976). Besides creating this, outward looking 'vernacular elite' (Jehan.1972), it is argued that social identities and strata are also a deliberate colonial construct. In case of Africa amorphous identities were crystallized in to tribal identities based on a 'race science' (Hintjens.2001), concept of social engineering. 'Rwandan genocide is the most dramatic example of race science in action since the Holocaust' (ibid, pp.25). It has been argued and reasonably established that amorphous identities in Rwanda were manipulated and converted in to lethal and organized form of solidified tribal affiliations (Gourevitch.1998, Gasana et all., 1999, Lemarchand.1996). The Tutsi and Hutu were class stratification, a status term rather then a defined, historical ethnic identity. 'Until the early twentieth century, an individual could be both Hutu in relation to his patrons and Tutsi in relation to his own clients'(Lemarchand.1996:pp.9-14). In the pre-colonial era this nebulous social positioning was never an ethnic stratification and social fluidity from Hutu to Tutsi and vice versa was common (Goyvaerts.1999; Newbury.1998; Prunier.1995). The Germans after the Berlin Congress got Rwanda as part of German East Africa and thereafter they transplanted their racist ideology in their colonies, including Rwanda. It was the German metropole which first of all implanted the idea of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“See No Evil The U.S. Response to the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda Essay”, n.d.)
See No Evil The U.S. Response to the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda Essay. Retrieved from
(See No Evil The U.S. Response to the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda Essay)
See No Evil The U.S. Response to the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda Essay.
“See No Evil The U.S. Response to the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF See No Evil The U.S. Response to the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda

Holocaust and Rwanda Genocide

.... The debate on whether Hitler did or did not plan or command the Holocaust does not in any way mean that he flees moral responsibility for it-Hitler fashioned the climate of radical anti-Semitism that occasioned and informed majority of the policies that instantaneously contributed to it, and availed the leadership that evaluated these measures to be both permissible and acceptable. This makes the debate between functionalism and intentionalism to be radically different from Holocaust denial. Rwanda Genocide Intentionalists and functionalists approaches can be employed to other genocides and mass murders such as Rwanda. The Holocaust and Rwanda genocide come out as one of the most catastrophic and dehumanization fatality episodes...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

The Rwanda Genocide

Racial superiority has caused much violence and many deaths for those who have been labeled by the ‘superior’ as ‘inferior.’ This violence has been spawned mostly by an extreme hatred for those viewed as different or inferior. Furthermore, such feelings of hatred have been translated into outright acts of violence against those viewed as inferior, and this at times often prompted retaliation against their oppressors, such as the case in Rwanda. With these premises, the world has been witness to various acts of violence, including the massacre of a significant number of people, all in the name of racial superiority. The concerned countries of the world have often refused to act in time to stop these events even though ample signs...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

The Rwanda Genocide of 1994: Human Rights Issue

.../documents/Peace_and_Conflict_Monitor_Special_Edition_-_Genocide_in_Rwanda_v2.pdf (accessed 2 December 2011). Hansen, T., 2005. The Gacaca tribunals in post-genocide Rwanda. University of Minnesotta: Center for Restorative Justice. Available in (accessed 2 December 2011). Heleta, S., 2006. Leaving Rwandans to die. Available in (accessed 2 December 2011). Husain, S. A., 2009. Genocide in Bangladesh, 1971: Fixing responsibility. Paper presented in the Second International Conference on Genocide, Truth and Justice. Dhaka: Liberation War Museum. Available in http...
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay

History - Rwanda Genocide

...? Rwanda Genocide Violence and wars happened in the of history of the earth and human civilization. They occur due to many factors like poverty, political disputes, cultural wars, group conflicts, scarcity of resources and many more. The reasons for those occurrences may differ but they all boil down into further hatred and hardships. Many efforts are being done by various groups, sectors and organizations to prevent any violence to occur as to provide peaceful liberties to people and guard their rights. Though efforts are done, those harms do still happen in controlled settings. Mutual understanding among nations and people may have reduced the occurrences of conflicts and violence. Conflicts and violence may occur anytime and anywhere...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Genocide in Rwanda

... Genocide in Rwanda Genocide in broad terms relates to mass tribal or ethic killings. It a where the commons or the civilians take control and pursue their own agenda motivated by evil intends. Various influences may kindle the intents or aims. Most studies reveal political forces behind the genocide perpetrators but according to findings, other factors paly a big role in catalyzing the situation. This may come where social structures have failed or fallen. Studies indicate that population and environmental factors play a key role in aggravating unending conflicts. The population of Rwanda consists of only two major ethic groups; Tutsi who constitutes about fifteen percent of the total population, and the Hutu who constitutes eighty...
3 Pages(750 words)Dissertation

Rwanda Genocide

...Running Head: Rwanda Genocide: Issues of Responsibility, Racism & Ethnic Cleansing Rwanda Genocide: Issues of Responsibility, Racism & Ethnic Cleansing Author's Name Institution's Name S. No Table of Contents Page No 1 Abstract 3 2 Genocide: A Definition 3 3 Genocide in Rwanda: An Introduction 6 4 Rwandan Genocide: A Critical Analysis 8 5 Rwanda Genocide: Ethical & Legal Analysis 11 6 Discussion 16 7 Nations Resolving Disputes via Legal & Ethical Responsibilities 29 8 Rwanda Genocide: A Literature Review 32 9 Rwanda Genocide: A Research Methodology 39 10 Limitation of the Data 41 11 Conclusions 42 12 References 44 Abstract This paper delves...
40 Pages(10000 words)Coursework

Genocide in Rwanda

Civilized society's insatiable avarice for power under a cloak of satiric sovereignty insists on the rights over another, consequently demeaning equal justice on hapless minorities. Conflicts escalating into full-blown wars allowed warring factions to employ every available resource to destabilize and eliminate its foe. Psychological warfare is nurtured to harden and manipulate warring tribes and minorities to fight the bloody battles against one another. Yet after the sound of the victory cry, the vestiges of war refused to settle and will forever haunt them throughout their lives. Pages of the history books will forever be smeared with the guileless victor without knowledge of his actual use as an ordinary dispensable pawn in t...
14 Pages(3500 words)Essay

Rwanda genocide

... of trouble were apparent. Racial superiority has traditionally been an issue for various countries, at one point or another in their history, but none worse than that displayed by the Tutsis over the Hutus in Rwanda Feelings of hatred have been translated into outright acts of violence against those viewed as inferior, and this, at times, prompted retaliation against their oppressors as in the case of Rwanda. “Rwandan genocide took place between April and June 1994. During this tragic period of 3 months, some 800,000 Rwandans died, the majority was ethnically Tutsis, murdered by their rival countrymen, the Hutus” (Le, 2004). The Rwanda genocide was spread out over the span of three months. Hutu uprising against their fellow citizens...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Rwanda Genocide

...The Rwanda Genocide The Rwanda Genocide is one of the biggest atrocities to have ever taken place in the modern history of Africa and this is mainly because of the fact that many people, most of them defenceless, were killed because of their ethnic background. The belief that one ethnic group was superior to the other is among the reasons why these events took place and they have remained a traumatic event in the history of Rwanda (De Lame 2009: 188). There have been attempts in recent years to reconcile the individuals who were on different sides during this genocide and this has been done in a manner, which is meant to ensure that Rwanda develops into a single cohesive society without any ethnic conflicts between the people...
9 Pages(2250 words)Thesis

Factors that Influence Tissue Response to Radiation and Evidential Explanations for Them

All biological matter contains inorganic and organic compounds dissolved or suspended in water. This is a protoplasm. The smallest structural and functional component of protoplasm that can exist freely in the cell (Suntharalingam et al, 2005, p. 485). It is just necessary to study the effects of radiation at the cellular level to truly understand the factors that affect biological tissues. Cells are of two types – somatic cells and germ cells. Of these somatic cells have three subtypes – stem cells (cells that generate other cells through differentiation), transit cells (cells that are in the state of being transformed from one type of cell to another) and mature cells (cells that are fully differentiated and are rela...
10 Pages(2500 words)Term Paper

Analysis of Physiological Stress Response Case

Hien Ng's personal history was also significant. He was a chronic smoker and had smoked 20 cigarettes per day for many years. On admission, a general examination of the patient revealed that he was anxious and agitated, but orientated to time and place. His skin was pale and cool to touch. Heart rate was 116 beats per minute and irregular, blood pressure was 140/95mmHg, the temperature was 37.8 C (cool peripheries), respiratory rate was 28 per minute, abdominal pain score was 6/10 and approximate weight was 68kg and height 163cm.

From the above history, it is evident that Mr. Ng was admitted to the hospital with acute gastroenteritis with dehydration and exacerbation of chronic gastric ulcers. He was subjected to both a...
15 Pages(3750 words)Case Study

Holocaust: the Genocide Unique

While people with disabilities, gay individuals, political prisoners and people with different religions were included in the extermination process, Jews were singled out as the majority of those who had to suffer through the genocidal activities of the Nazi party. 

In comparison to other events of genocide or attempted genocide, the holocaust stands out from amongst the rest due to two significant reasons. First, the scale of the massacre and the number of parties that eventually became involved in the massacre was unprecedented. Luckily it has not been repeated to the same level since. Secondly, the genocidal activities were fully supported by the individuals involved in the process, the government, and the busin...
12 Pages(3000 words)Term Paper

S&T Debt Factors

The agreement contains a credit default contracts that include credit default swaps, default index contracts, credit default options, and credit default basket options. One can use these as part of the mechanism that is collateralized by debt obligations. The goal should be to establish a price for a given risk and controlling credit based on risk. The credit can be allowed by minimization of risk. Credit controllers should develop versatile tools that transfer risk away from a lender’s balance sheet.
d) With reference to the proposed debt counseling business, illustrate and explain exactly how you would organize the debt counseling operation, taking particular care to explain how and when you would receive payment for...
6 Pages(1500 words)Case Study

Genocide in Rwanda

The killings by the Nazi government, which had been initiated by Adolf Hitler in Germany, were acts of genocide2.
Subsequent, to the prosecution and execution of war criminals in Germany and Japan, the UN extended the scope of international law and made it applicable to individuals. The General Assembly established the International Law Commission in 1947, which is an autonomous entity, consisting of twenty – five international law scholars3. Sociologists have determined that genocide occurs due to the political structure of a nation. They contend that the motives of the perpetrators are generally linked to their political interests4.
Crimes against humanity were included in the statutes of traditional internationa...
17 Pages(4250 words)Assignment

Large-Scale Genocide That Took Place in Rwanda in 1994

...258531 1994 Genocide in Rwanda: Now We Can Say Genocide Introduction In 1994, once again, the world turned its back on human genocide, this time, inRwanda. There were pleas made from citizens of Rwanda to the free world, to the super powers, to help. Instead, the United Nations sent UN troops to escort non-Rwandans out of the country. From the United States, Clinton Administration officials danced around the using the word “genocide.” To do so, would have meant that the Administration was acknowledging its responsibility under the 1948 Geneva Convention Accords on Genocide, which would have obligated the administration to respond on the terms of the 1948 accord by intervening in the genocide that was taking place in Rwanda (Taylor...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study

Response of Effective Leaders to Diverse Team Environments

An effective leader is the one who adapts to the changing scenarios in terms of the team he leads and also in terms of the circumstances that the team faces. Herscovitch and Meyer (2002) have confirmed that workplaces are faced with endless change (s), and Paton and McCalman, (2000) have further stated that effective management of that change is an important competency currently required by an organization

Advancement in technology, travel options, communications and liberalization of international business regulations has incorporated numerous possibilities of conditions with diverse natures within the work environment. This trend was found to increase in the early nineties. The transference of a command-driven economy...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

Approach to Education: Comparison of Philosophies of A S Neill & Paul Hirst

He believed that to impose anything by authority is wrong. The child should not do anything until he comes to an opinion – his own opinion- that it should be done. He states clearly his commitment to freedom of a child: ‘we set out to make a school in which we should allow children to be themselves. In order to do this, we had to renounce all discipline, all directions, all suggestions, all moral training, and all religious instruction. The child should never be forced to learn, Attendance at lessons should be voluntary whatever the age of the child. Only learning that is voluntarily undertaken has any value, and children will know themselves when they are ready to learn. (Summerhill , p.37)

Children will on...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

The 1846 Invasion into Mexico by the U. S.: The Political and Economic Forces that Brought about the Invasion

Some of the territories led to a war with Mexico from which the United States emerged victorious, expanding its territories and decisively establishing its dominance in North America.

President Andrew Jackson led an example of an administration that set the stage for the way in which James Polk would lead. In 1817, as a still yet military leader, Jackson led the United States into the first of three conflicts with the Seminole Indians from which the acquisition of Florida from Spain would be negotiated and finalized. The situation with Spain was tenuous and should have been dealt with in a diplomatic and cautious manner, but in 1817 President Monroe wrote a letter to General Jackson stating that “Great interests...
8 Pages(2000 words)Article

OConnors Fiction and Debates on Good and Evil

This paper shall seek to engage with works of O’Connor’s fiction and related debates on good and evil. O’Connor argues that good and evil are relative states and while a person may not be good at a certain point of time, he or she may, through another lens, appear so.
One such instance is the character of Francis Tarwater from the novel The Violent Bear It Away. On the one hand, one may think of him as a despicable character who murders a differently-abled child who is related to him. This murder is also committed at the behest of a character named Vice who is almost always associated with the devil, who is the embodiment of evil in many narratives. The murder, however, also becomes a symbolic baptism as far...
6 Pages(1500 words)Literature review

Bovine Tuberculosis, Anthelmintic Treatment, Worms and their Effect on the Immune Response to other Pathogens

If a dairy farmer suspects that there are positive TB infection cases in his or her herd, they can conduct a Single intra-dermal Comparative Cervical Tuberculin (SICCT) test to diagnose suspected cases. The SICCT test measures a delayed mode hypersensitivity response to the tuberculin antigen, Purified Protein Derivative (PPD) and is dependent on functional antigen-specific. However, use of SICCT test does not produce confidence levels required to ascertain the success of the tests. The diagnostic sensitivity of the SICCT test is estimated to be between 52-100% with a median value of 80% using the standard interpretation of the test. Factors attributed to the inaccuracy, and the poor sensitivity of the test include among many; the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic See No Evil The U.S. Response to the 1994 Genocide in Rwanda for FREE!

Contact Us