(Name) (Professor) (Subject) (Date) Rwanda Genocide Violence and wars happened in the course of history of the earth and human civilization. They occur due to many factors like poverty, political disputes, cultural wars, group conflicts, scarcity of resources and many more…
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Though efforts are done, those harms do still happen in controlled settings. Mutual understanding among nations and people may have reduced the occurrences of conflicts and violence. Conflicts and violence may occur anytime and anywhere which means people must be aware of their surroundings at all time. Nobody knows when it may happen though there are some ways that people especially the government agencies can predict the occurrences of violence through patterns they get from the data of past events. One of the nations that experienced a significant violence and conflict is Rwanda. That country is located in the eastern part of Africa near Tanzania and Congo. The topography of the land of Rwanda is composed of mountains and valleys. Rwanda then has the highest peak at 4,324 meters which is the top of a volcano called Mount Karisimbi (King 2007, p. 7). The people then that live the mountains and valleys are generally called Rwandans and composed of the ethnic groups Pygmy, Hamitic and Bantu. The population overall of the Rwandans is approximately 11 million and the size of population is attributed to high mortality rate. Many die because of diseases because of poor sanitation and major diseases like the dreaded Autoimmune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS. They are mostly poor as only 19 percent of them are in the urban areas. They also lack potable water to cater the needs of everyone. In terms of religion, Rwandans are mostly Christians with majority of them are Catholic. When it comes to basic education, most of them know how to read and write by 15 years old and above (Streissguth 2007, p. 36). The government of Rwanda then became a parliament recently and its laws are patterned after France and Belgium. The constitution of Rwanda was then ratified in 2003. The said constitution pledges to protect the rights of the Rwandans, to provide peace among groups there and to prevent political party formations based on culture and race. The government then is divided into judicial, legislative and executive just like in the government form seen in Europe and USA. The people allowed to vote must be at least 18 years old. Once the election is finished, the president then has been decided and he is the one responsible to appoint the prime minister and the cabinet who will assist him in leading the country (King 2007, p. 43). Before the government of Rwanda has been patterned after the Western nations, the country started as a land roamed by Pygmy group called Twa but the said ethnic group is only one percent of the current population. It was known in the past that Twa had interactions and interrelationships with the other ethnic groups like Tutsi and Hutu. The two groups were very similar in traditions but they are differentiated for their source of livelihood as Tutsi are cattle growers while Hutu are crop growers. It was then in 1933 when Belgian people controlled Rwanda and commanded the Rwandans to wear identification cards to clearly separate them by races (Kalayjian and Paloutzian 2009, p. 73). Probably that decision of the Belgians had bred further conflicts and violence among the ethnic groups which became prevalent since the independence of Rwanda. Rwanda became occupied by Germany before. When the First World War came, Belgium took over Rwanda as the Belgians snatched it from the Germans. After the war, it became a joint-state with Burundi which was also a colony of Belgium. It was then under the custody of United Nations which also played a big role in giving those
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(History - Rwanda Genocide Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“History - Rwanda Genocide Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1451101-rwanda-genocide.
Why didn't the United Nations pursue intervention in Rwanda? One of the most violent intra-state conflicts of the century occurred in Rwanda during the 1990s, and culminated in genocidal slaughter between April and July 1994. The death of up to one million Rwandans and the suffering of up to five million internal and external refugees shocked the world.
It is a mountainous region, located below the equator, heavily littered with savannahs, forests, and lakes. Most of the population of Rwanda is rural and consists of tribes and clans. History Pre-Colonial History According to archaeological evidence from excavations, humans occupied the country after the last ice age and by the 15th century; some sort of organization into kingdoms was seen.
Paul, the hotelier used all means to ensure that his family survived the war for the reason that his wife was a Tutsi. In essence, he bribed the militiamen for the safety of his family in all possible ways, which was partly helpful. He bribed the militiamen who patrolled around the hotel for at least a hundred days in which they did not gain entry in to the hotel (Adams 77).
of the population being Twa 1%, Hutu 84% and Tutsi 15%,3 living and farming above sea level where approximately 90 % of its population engages in subsistence agriculture.4 This brief introduction has given us a picture of how Rwanda is, however, in this paper geographical and demographical factors will be examined to ascertain what contributed to the Rwanda genocide that led to the death of between 500,000 and 1,000,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus in a period of three months in 1994.5 Geographical Factors that contributed to the Rwanda genocide There are geographical factors that have contributed to the Rwanda genocide.
This structural analysis leads to an assessment into organizational factors that include the motivating forces of the Rwandan elite, and the opportunity composition within which they were functioning. The actions of important individuals within the Rwandan elite, and the individual behaviour of the subordinates directly instigating the genocide, are studied by drawing on psychological and criminological theories related to identifying such acts.
In Rwanda, ethnic animosities between the majority Hutu and Tutsi communities exploded in the aftermath of Habyarimana’s death and produced one of the most violent events of the twentieth century. Seeking to explain the massacres which took place in Rwanda in 1994,
fference and misunderstanding, erroneously believing the atrocities to either be part of renewed hostilities between the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) and the Rwandan Armed Forces (FAR), or as a result of renewed ethnic tension and civil war. Thus, the main contributing factor
Racial superiority has caused much violence and many deaths for those who have been labeled, by the ‘superior’, as ‘inferior’, which has been spawned mostly by an extreme hatred for those viewed as different or inferior. Such acts of violence have resulted
Apartheid South Africa, like Rwanda, was characterised by high levels of brutality and state-sponsored violence favouring one ethnic group over the other. It was in an attempt to deal with the aftermath of these instances that the government worked towards the development of a Truth and Reconciliation Commission.