Walker, M K0136881 Psy1001N Introduction to core areas Labelling theory has no impact on real world decision making practices Labelling Theory in the Real World Sociology, psychology, criminology, health care, and several other fields have undeniably been affected by the ideas of the labelling theory, in one way or another…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Extract of sample "LABELLING THEORY HAS NO IMPACT ON REAL WORLD DECISION MAKING PRACTISES"
Download file to see previous pages
Although labelling theory may have influences in different settings, it does not necessarily entail that all decisions be based upon it, as will be discussed in this paper. The theory Labelling theory presents that “deviance is a socially constructed process in which social control agencies designate certain people as deviants, and they, in turn, come to accept the label placed upon them and begin to act accordingly” (Kendall, 2007, pp. 188-189). There are several versions of the theory, of which the ideas of Howard Becker, seen to be a major proponent of the theory, will primarily be considered in the present paper. One famous statement by Becker upheld in this theory is, deviant as “one to whom the label has successfully been applied; deviant behavior is behavior that people so label” (as cited in Kendall, 2003, p. 189). Making labels Becker’s work in 1963, Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance, is one of the most cited literature that focuses on labelling theory and deviance. According to him, only a few individuals have the power and qualifications to determine what is deviant or not, and they generally belong to the upper social classes (Franzese, 2009, p. 72). These individuals are called “moral entrepreneurs,” and are presented by Becker to be those who want to help the less fortunate, rather than being mean or evil (p. 72). The supposed intent of labelling was to take societal interests into consideration. However, because labeled individuals are inferior to those who have the capacity to label them in terms of power and status, the positive goal of labeling backfires to become what is usually seen to be negative and deviant to established norms. It is not emphasized how individuals can resist being labeled, but labeled individuals may be rehabilitated in the presence of interventions differing according to the deviant behavior. Consequences of labelling The labelling theory hypothesizes that deviance is not inherent, but rather a product of reaction to established societal norms, or results of societal perceptions. It presents a process where initially there is a pubic labelling which is informal at first but evolves to be formalized later; second, this label “overrides all the other symbols and statuses a person previously held,” and cause people to react very differently by rejecting or isolating the individual; and third, such label affects the individual’s self-perception and self-image, encouraging many to live according to that deviant label, or in other words accept that he or she is deviant and live according to it (Slattery, 2003, p. 135). This process outlines the consequences of labelling to the labeled individual, which are, most of the time, negative rather than positive. It is further contended that deviant behavior can be “cured” or rehabilitated, but doing so would not be easy, especially in the continuous presence of societal pressure and rejection. Labelling in the real world In the context of the theory, labelling may be formal or informal, which is also a common criticism of the ideology. Informal labels are those that tend to be placed by family, friends, colleagues, acquaintances, et cetera. Formal labels are those given by health care, the police, the academe, and other institutions. Literature dealing with the theory often cite “mentally ill” as a common established label, as well as in aspects in criminology,
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
(“LABELLING THEORY HAS NO IMPACT ON REAL WORLD DECISION MAKING PRACTISES Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1409287-labelling-theory-has-no-impact-on-real-world
(LABELLING THEORY HAS NO IMPACT ON REAL WORLD DECISION MAKING PRACTISES Essay)
“LABELLING THEORY HAS NO IMPACT ON REAL WORLD DECISION MAKING PRACTISES Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1409287-labelling-theory-has-no-impact-on-real-world.
This is in response to the growing awareness on work-life balance among working individuals, retaining competitive advantage in the labour market, and introducing the policies which give working parents the right to appeal for flexible work options (Bailyn, Rayman, Bengtsen, Carre and Tierney 2001).
This literature review examines a number of articles which discuss the decisions that are made by leaders and the factors that influence whether this decision making has positive or negative impact upon the organizations concerned. The focus is on both the people who make decisions, and the process which leads to decisions being made.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that five categories as represented by sincerity, excitement, competence, sophistication, and ruggedness provided examples of the aforementioned brand personality that provided insight into how brand personality is used in products we recognize.
The author states that by knowing and being able to explain what a bypass surgery is, the patient also became fully aware of the physical activities that should and should not be done. When the patient’s blood was not normally clotting, the patient’s prior knowledge on his blob condition enabled him to become less nervous and more relaxed.
can be looked through the two different aspects: one of them is the way patients use their defense mechanisms when they feel they are sick, and the other one is the way patients act in their roles of being sick and what makes them seek professional advice if they feel
Likewise, the educational background, various demographic factors, personal profile, and the situation which calls for the decision significantly influence the kind of decision-making to be used. As briefly explained in one of the course reading, intuitive decision making is
g individuals, retaining competitive advantage in the labour market, and introducing the policies which give working parents the right to appeal for flexible work options (Bailyn, Rayman, Bengtsen, Carre and Tierney 2001). Changes in organisational, economic and employment
This is majorly as a result of the rate at which businesses are going global currently. Because these policies are always national, different countries usually have different foreign policies. This can be because of
The focus of the essay is on the change of the policies, carried out by different governments, under influence of globalization process. This process integrates network of political, technological, economic, cultural ideas through communication, transportation and trade. This increased interconnectedness between countries brought many challenges.
The results are very clear to interpret from the following table. The probabilities for the sales show that the company is expected to register medium sales as far as the sale of fruit juices is concerned (highest probability of 0.5). The table further depicts that there is fairly lesser chance that there would be any phenomenal sale of fruit juices (p=0.2).
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"LABELLING THEORY HAS NO IMPACT ON REAL WORLD DECISION MAKING PRACTISES"
with a personal 20% discount.