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Understanding of New Urban Development - the Lille Metropole - Case Study Example

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The paper "Understanding of New Urban Development - the Lille Metropole " states that in general, after the Channel Tunnel, built-in 1994, the European high-speed rail network, called the Eurostar, connects Lille to other noteworthy cities in northwest Europe…
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Understanding of New Urban Development - the Lille Metropole
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Download file to see previous pages The basic character of connectivity is a network, which enhances flow and nodes located at various scales. Case in point, the transport system in Europe, powered by TGV high-speed train, connects the continent redefining the concept of time and distant hence linking nations. Lille, in terms of connectivity, is the ‘crossroads of Europe’ due to its tactical location in northwest Europe. In this regard, it is at the centre of a triangle that connects Paris, London, and Brussels. 

The Lille-Euro station referred to as Gare de Lille-Europe, is one of the modern and brand new stations in the world. The Eurostar makes the distant between Lille to London an hour and twenty minutes journey while Paris is only an hour away with Brussels being 38 minutes. In addition, it links the cities to other French cities such as Marseille, Lyon, and Toulouse (Lille tourism, 2007). According to Banister (1994, p. 3), a country can only make this possible by investing in public infrastructure, which has an effect of generating economic growth. In this case, Eurostar brings business opportunities to Lille on top of the chances provided to develop the city. In addition, Lille has another railway station, called Gare de Lille-Flandres, which predominantly caters for lower speed regional trains. Moreover, the city contains waterways and air traffic that enhances the accessibility of the city.

According to Banister (2000, p. 108), transport planning in France falls under two distinct phases that mark the rehabilitation of public transport. In this regard, Lille Metropole developed diverse modes of the public transport system. Regarded as the most advanced in Europe, it consists of buses, trams, and a driverless metro system with all these operations under the Transpole name (Lille tourism, 2007). Conversely, the Lille Metro, which is the world’s first automated metro line, is a light automated system covering a total of 45 kilometres in distance with two lines and sixty stations. On the other hand, the tram system, which has 45 stops, includes two interurban tram lines linking the city centre with Roubaix and Tourcoing. Moreover, there are sixty-eight bus routes that cover the whole region while eight of them can reach Belgium. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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