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In addition to these developments, individuals going through the process of adolescence often experience a number of physical and sexual maturation changes. The adolescence stage of human development generally starts at puberty before eventually ending at the age of between 18 and 21 years.
One of the main theories of adolescence is Erik Erikson’s psycho-social theory of personalitydevelopment. The core concept that is seen to be presented by Erikson’s theory is that the most essential characteristic of adolescence in humans is the undergoing of an identity crisis and the subsequent acquisition of an ego identity. Erikson argues that during the adolescent stage of development, individuals must establish a sense of personal identity in addition t avoiding the dangers seen to be posed by identify confusion and role diffusion (Ratele& Duncan, 2003).
In my personal experience, I support the postulations made by Erikson’s psycho-social theory of personality developmentas they match my own personal experiences while I was undergoing through this stage of development. During my adolescent years, I underwent an identity crisis as I was easily impressionable and often tried to copy the behavior and characteristics of the “cool” kids in school and some of the characters in my favorite TV show. Although it took some considerable time, I was eventually able to develop my own unique identity.
Another key theory of Adolescence is Roger Barker’s Somatopsychological theory of adolescence (GuerreroandChávez, 2009). According to Barker, during adolescence changes affecting an individual’s endocrinology, physique and body dimensions experienced at a significantly accelerated rate as compared to the rate at which they were experienced during the individual’s preadolescent years. As a result of these change, a number of corresponding psychological situations
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A person becomes a male or female while in utero, which is after conception but before birth and puberty. All embryos are identical in external appearance for the first eight weeks of gestation, and then several factors nudge the infant toward male or female development.
Diana Baumrind is a well-known development and clinical psychologist who gave a poignant description of various types of families, as well as nature of children arising from such families. To start permissive parent families are parents who are free, lenient and indulgent.
First, his concept of chunking and short-term memory proves really challenging and informative. His idea of short-term holds 5- 9 chunks of data seems applicable in all spheres of life, thus forming the basis of subsequent memory theories (Miller, 1956). Consequently, the second concept, Test- Operate- Test – Exit (TOTE), proposing the replacement of the stimulus response with TOTE is applicable in the contemporary world.
enagers or adolescents create their own particular musings and demeanor through social connection and correspondence with associates and different parts of public opinion. They can likewise take in by watching the exercises and cooperation of others in a social setting.
The author states that the popularity in the use of the two theories differs with the humanistic theory being widely used in current organizations as compared to the scientific theory. The said popularity of the humanistic theory in organizations is due to environmental uncertainties and the contingency variables.
The human development comprises all the psychological changes one goes through in their life stages. It is also known as psychological development. Earlier, the field’s concern was in children and infants. However, the whole life span gets consideration.
According to him, the adolescent period is crucial for developing a persons identity. Besides, he argued that personality develops in a predetermined order, and builds upon each previous stage (McLeod,
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