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, emotional and social environment while therapy based on Bowen’s theories draws its conclusions and therapeutic energy from the family of the client.
By declaring that “only intelligence ….tends towards an all-embracing equilibrium” in human life, Jean Peaget had been one of the pioneers of cognitive behavioral theory (9). Kendall has described cognitive behavioral theory as “problem solving in its orientation, deals directly with the cognitive forces that impact social information processing, incorporates emotional and social domains, addresses matters associated with parenting and families, and emphasizes performance-based interventions” (4). The ability to identify a problem and arrive at possible solutions is a skill that a child has to acquire as she grows up (Kendall, 4). The psychological health of a growing child depends heavily on cognitive problem solving strategies, that is, her capacity to consider the full range of solutions, evaluate them properly and choose the best one applicable in a given situation (Kendall, 4).
Cognitive behavioral theory, in its application, aims at enhancing the cognitive problem-solving strategies in the mind of a person (Kendall, 4). As the emotions of a person always meddles with the problem-solving process, this theory also helps one learn to understand one’s emotional experiences and modify them (Southam-Gerow and Kendall, 320). Social domain is included as another major factor in this theory because any psychological problem that arises out of the interaction of an individual with other individuals as well as the society as a whole (Kendall, 5). When it comes to a child or adolescent, naturally the parents and family become yet another influencing factor. Last but not least, the child or the adolescent has to be constantly encouraged to practice their problem-solving skills so as to strengthen their cognitive problem-solving strategies (Kendall, 6).
While doing a cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), the
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Over the past decades, illness has been treated central to the physical symptoms presented by the patient. However, for the last several years, experts advocated that health care providers should treat the patient as a whole including the family.
Psychodynamic Counseling Theories.Since many decades, there have been observations of endeavors and efforts of experts (Velicer, pp. 23-29, 2003) and organizations to recognise and scrutinise various aspects of human life, in order to acquire solutions for different problems associated with it.
An eating disorder is characterized by ‘extremes – such as extreme reduction of food intake or extreme overeating or feelings of extreme distress or concern about body weight or shape’ (Bryant-Waugh 2002). Eating disorders are real medical illnesses but are treatable.
Some levels of stress require in depth consultation of the distressed person with health psychologists. It is also worth accrediting that certain levels of stress results into deprivation of health of the individual victims. Certain stress and depression may be serious and even result to death of the individual victim.
Also, counseling theories have been used as the foundation for understanding a variety of disorders and how clients with these disorders can be understood on a basic level. This research paper will define three counseling theories that include client-centered theory, cognitive theory and holistic theory.
Comfort the troubled, is basically helping people come over their distress and helping them achieve a calmness that they could not experience. We all are worried and troubled by things in our lives. To some people these things make a lot of difference but to others they may not even cause a small hindrance in their paths.
Personal congruence involves coming to terms with oneself; the person does not have to bother with shunting aside the negative thoughts, as they are no longer there by this time.
Cultural sensitivity involves knowing
5. Which theory operates on the premises that all relationship problems are in the present and must be solved in the present, and that once the significant relationship is improved, the troubling symptom will disappear?
7. The assumption that we have the capacity to
After a careful evaluation of the situation at hand, a consultant provides ideal recommendations for the client. Advocacy enhances the provision of care provided to counseling clients. According to Moe, Perera-Diltz and Sepulveda (2010), skills of
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