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al strategies, Denny has first to be acquainted with the epistemological framework of which Cynthia Oakes operates – which is the constructivist approach. Constructivism is ongoing meaning-making through authentic engagement- remains a useful idea for learners and instructors at all levels of educations and training (Reiser & Dempsey, 2012). This is to ensure that they speak the same language and able to design the instruction program to the satisfaction of the stakeholders. This would entail needs analysis, research, interview and a lot of resourcefulness on the part of Denny.
Second, Denny has to craft a program that is consistent with the constructivist approach which engages learners in a process of inquiry and activity instead of providing the right answer. Denny’s program has to generate multiple ideas and answer from his students in solving a certain problem which is a valuable process of constructivist approach. This would include tools that would facilitate discussion that promotes the process of inquiry and activity.
When clients are vague with the instructions and objectives of a learning program, instructional designers has to be resourceful in order to “fathom” what the client really needs. This would require extensive research on the part of the instructional designer. First, such as in the case of Dennys, requires understanding on the framework of which the client operates. In the case of Cynthia, the constructivist approach. It would help a lot if the instructional designer can view the videos on how program was implemented.
The instructional designer could then dig in at the available literature about the program to understand its thrust. In Denny’s case it was the grant proposal. Sifting through the proposal would give the instructional designer an insight about the instructional needs of the client through the justification of the project. Then one can interview the teachers about their instructional needs to have a
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Student centered and socially constructed science projects enable the learners to grasp and understand the concepts of the study of science. After the study some prescriptions were made to improve the standards of learning in middle school in order to properly tackle science projects.
The Humane Society of the United States estimates eight to ten million companion animals like cats and dogs are given up to overcrowded shelters each year. Of those, four to five million pets are euthanised. “In fact, euthanasia is the number-one killer of all companion animals” (Fournier and Geller 51).
A democratic approach is one whereby learners are provided with an interactive environment where they can express their views, opinions, suggestions and have an opportunity to support their arguments. It is involves both the teacher and the learner where the teacher comes up with the topic to be discussed which is open to any form of criticisms or additions to the main point.
In this case, a teacher should choose and select words and phrases understandable for a certain age group. A certain attention should be paid to small learners and students at the elementary school. Comprehensible input implies that the teacher, rather than the hearer controls the comprehensibility.
They also need to provide continuous and specific feedback to their students in the course of their regular instruction. There are also various grouping strategies that teachers can adopt while teaching their students such as whole class teaching, pair work and group work.
There are mainly two types of Instructional Strategies that are commonly used for classroom environment by different teachers, Co-operative Strategy and Collaborative Strategy. (Goleman, D. 1998)
This a type a strategy in which students are engaged with each other forming small groups to perform a similar task or assignment that has been given by the instructor.
Just as we change and mature in our profession, our students change and the methods which we use to teach them must mature and change as well. As various implications of our methods are discovered, good educators will strive to work out problems and identify ways to better implement and manage our chosen instructional methods.
Content management and workflow management are two extremely important elements and a prerequisite for the successful and meaningful design of lessons. The primary assets of knowledge-based economies are data, information, and knowledge and digital technology extends the tools through which we create, acquire, share and manage our knowledge.
They will, above all, be able to put into practice whatever they have learned in the future. English language is notably among the most complex subjects to teach and thus requires the application of proper strategies by teachers so that they may
The map allows students and teachers to work with the propositions and concepts instead of the rote memorization of facts.
Concept maps are generative and evocative. They play a crucial role in evoking prior knowledge, in
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