StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Post-Compulsory Education - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
At the very heart of the post -compulsory debate lies competing views of the purposes of post - compulsory, and even compulsory, education. Since the days of the Mechanics' Institutes, through Technical and FE Colleges, the greatest emphasis has always been upon the preparation of young people and others for work…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.8% of users find it useful
Post-Compulsory Education
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Post-Compulsory Education"

Download file to see previous pages It was the emphasis upon further education providing a preparation for jobs which underpinned the new vocationalism of the 1980s. However, in more recent years, the provision of a 'vocational education' has come to be recognised as a more complex matter than that of simply training students in job-specific skills. While it is true to say that General, Liberal and Social Studies appendages to post -war vocational courses were an attempt to provide students with a wider educational base to their studies, it was the BTEC curriculum introduced from the early 1980s which took the first significant steps towards a preparation for work within a broader concept of vocational education. The development of TVEI as an enhancement curriculum, of generic and core skills, and of modular course structures such as GNVQ can be seen as further evidence of some general shift towards a broader, re-focused vocationalism.
The reasons behind these shifts are themselves interesting and result from analyses of the changing needs of the economy, the labour market and, in particular, the nature of work. Post -Fordist and other analyses of current and prospective transformations in Western societies have stressed a requirement for some form of 'flexible' knowledge worker within collaborative, hightrust, high-skill, work relations (Brown and Lauder, 1991) and it is with some, albeit hasty and superficial, appreciation of these requirements that curriculum development has been stimulated. I say hasty and superficial because, a high degree of uncertainty still surrounds the extent of, the directions of, and the full implications of the developments anticipated in the post -Fordist analysis. Indeed, evidence of the anticipated flatter, leaner, hierarchies is not in great abundance, at least in Britain. Moreover, the surface features of post -Fordism are largely indistinguishable from those of the 'enterprise culture' and, where curriculum developments do not address fundamental differences between the two, their unresolved contradictions are carried forward into course planning. 'Student-centred learning', 'autonomy', 'entitlement', 'empowerment', 'democracy' and 'citizenship', which figure prominently in recent curriculum developments, are examples of concepts in popular use in post-compulsory education whose rhetorical value is their power to legitimise and compel common assent to curriculum innovations but whose more sinister function is to obscure the need for critical examination of those innovations (Avis, 1993:13-14).
Nonetheless, many of the reforms to have taken place in post-compulsory education since the early 1990s, despite the problematic nature of their underlying evidence and logic, reflect a clear and visible attempt to shift from a narrowly focused 'preparation for work' towards some notion of preparation 'for life', 'for citizenship', 'for multi-skilled work' and 'for collaborative work relationships'. While the effects of such shifts are most evident in full-time vocational courses, and to some extent in A-level programmes, they have received little or no recognition in NVQ levels 1, 2 and 3. Consequently, the once clear purpose of vocational education has become bifurcated into 'vocational education' based in some broader concepts of vocation and preparation and 'occupational training' whose primary concern is to equip learners with skills for jobs.
We can say that ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Post-Compulsory Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/education/1528994-post-compulsory-education
(Post-Compulsory Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 Words)
https://studentshare.org/education/1528994-post-compulsory-education.
“Post-Compulsory Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/education/1528994-post-compulsory-education.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Post-Compulsory Education

Systems and Structure of compulsory Education in the Uk

...? Table of Contents Demonstrate understanding of the tiering of the school system …………………………...…..2 2: Demonstrate understanding of the different types of schools found in Britain ………………..6 3: Demonstrate understanding of the key stages of the National Curriculum ……………………9 Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………………..13 Systems and Structures of Compulsory Education in the U.K. Learning Outcome 1: Demonstrate understanding of the tiering of the school system and its relationship with external statutory bodies and how these organizations influence and impact upon education delivery Introduction The flourishing of British education is not a work of a single entity. Through the years, there has been a relevant collaboration of different...
9 Pages(2250 words)Assignment

Compulsory Land Acquisition

... public uses means, it can be for setting up educational institutions, health centre, widening roads or site for airport construction, etc. The issuing authority generally is central government but if motive is restricted to only particular state then state government handles the matter. Through government, sometimes societies registered under societies registration act2 or co-operatives under co-operative societies act also can participate for land acquisition. Before going into detail it is better to get acquainted with some important terms. "Acquire" related to land is processed by mainly two methods; either compulsory or by agreement. "Claimant" is a person (s) who is entitled or makes the claim for compensation. "Compensation...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Compulsory Education

...165319 Critically evaluate the proposition that 'All laws regarding compulsory education should be repealed'. In Britain, schools are not compulsory, but education is. The Education Act 1996 says that Education is compulsory, but school attendance is not. "Freedom to educate children at home forms an intrinsic and essential element of educational provision in our society, a right which has been protected by a succession of Education Acts. Law is clear that while education is compulsory, school attendance is not" http://www.underhill.nildram.co.uk/law.htm#Law In Section 7 Parental Duties say: "The parent of every child of compulsory school age shall cause him to receive efficient full time education suitable a) to his age, ability...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Compulsory Radar Basics Seminar

...Topic: COMPULSORY RADAR BASICS SEMINAR All police stations in Florida Administration MEMO: COMPULSORY SEMINAR Due to the increase in the complaints regarding violations of the speed limits( Raymond, 2002), we have purchased a radar and will hold a compulsory seminar in Tampa bay police station on October 15, 2006. The Legislature of our Florida State has enacted during the year 1993 the authorization for the law enforcement department to use laser speed measuring devices to track if a motor vehicle is violating the speed (McDonald, 2005) limits mandated by our law here. The Administrative code Rule which covers the area of speed measurement tools is called Rule 15B. This rule, however, does not include in its jurisdiction...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Compulsory civil admission

...Order No: 191509 Topic: compulsory civil admission 27-11-2007 Order No: 191509 Topic: compulsory civil admission "By abandoning its plans for anew Mental Health Act the government has limited its scope for innovation. This is particularly evident from the proposed NR (nearest relative) provisions": David Hewitt, 'Relative Progress' New Law Journal, January 2007, 126. Do you consider that this is a fair conclusion Discuss. Introduction A number of recent improvements and modifications in mental health law and public policy have complicated the always delicate relationship between the mental health and criminal justice system. Discrimination and prejudice against people with mental illnesses is ubiquitous, pernicious and wrong (Smith, 2002...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Compulsory Heterosexuality

In the process, the paper will review relevant literature that provides views and opinions on the topic before arriving at a logical conclusion.
Captain Cook in his 1769, ‘Account of a voyage around the world’ has described how he witnessed a Tahitian having sex with an eleven-year-old girl in public as part of a religious custom. (Hawkesworth 469). If the same thing had happened in modern America, the man would have been called a ‘pedophile’ and arrested for the rape of a minor, the girl would have been labeled a delinquent and the spectators would have been arrested for viewing a public act of lewdness. What appears as sinful to the rest of the world had a religious connotation to the Tahitians. In fac...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

ECONOMIC forces have a significant influence on further education & higher education and influence such aspect as the school leaving age, resources and places available on vocational courses etc if students wished to focus on post-compulsory education

...Key issues in higher education Introduction s of higher learning such as Universities experience externalpressures that influence provision of higher education. They obtain funding from the government, donors, conferences, endowments and student fees. Various factors influence and direct provision of higher education. They include funding, affordability, demographic trends, quality and accountability. Key issues that direct and influence provision of higher education The first factor that influences provision of higher education is funding. Academic institutions can face significant financial challenges. Most institutions even those considered wealthy depend on external funds. The funds are needed for daily operations including paying...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Compulsory Education

... 8 September, Compulsory Education What function does compulsory education serve in the United States? Compulsory education, as the name indicates, is the term used for the government’s obligation upon people to educate their children in one of the several types of schools including private schools, public schools and even home schools. “Today, every state and territory requires children to enroll in public or private education or to be home-schooled. More than half—32 states—require students to begin their education by age 6” (NCSL). Compulsory education has played a very important role in US. According to the results of a report prepared in the year 2010, the act of increasing the age for compulsory education by the 6 US states including...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

A Compulsory Training Program

They then took this same plastic bag out of the restroom and took an elevator to go to another floor. One student was eating a muffin in the elevator, and he then pushed a button that a janitor had touched with dirty gloves. Also, janitors went from one classroom to another to empty the trashcans in each room. They touched all of the classroom doorknobs with dirty gloves. In the hospital, they did the same thing. They went from the patient’s room to another to empty trash cans and hampers. If there was only a small quantity of trash or dirty linen, they transferred this into one bag to save trash bags. Janitors never changed their gloves both in school and in the hospital, and also they touched the dirty area first and then...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Philosophy of Education

As a consequence of my belief about the motivational dimension of students, I have come to the conclusion that school is a setting where one is allowed to discover new ideas and ways of thinking. Therefore the purpose of school is to provide a place where an individual can be exposed to different ways of thinking and thereby empower the individual to make quality decisions in life.

In view of the fact that school provides a gateway to new horizons, it is the conviction of the author of this paper that all children should be educated. It is their right to learn and be exposed to a plethora of ideas about life. Regardless of their color, race, creed, socio-economic background, physical, intellectual or emotional state, al...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Police and Society: Post 9/11

The paper then takes note of a number of initiatives that have attempted to combine local policing with intelligence work. This shift from crime-prevention to counter-terrorism has had a profound effect upon these local law enforcement divisions; lack of proper funding has also undermined these projects, leaving local officers with the ability to prevent terrorists, but either lacking in resources or risking becoming dependant upon intelligence divisions. The paper will then turn to a consideration of two local communities, Dearborn, Michigan, and Las Vegas, Nevada, that have been involved in these initiatives, and considers the impact of counter-terrorism policing upon the wider local law enforcement of the region.

By...
12 Pages(3000 words)Case Study

Diversity in Education

There is a form of cultural imperialism that exists within countries and that is, arguably, destructive of personality and helps create school failure where success is possible. Moroccan children in Belgium, Turkish children in Germany, Pakistani and West Indian children in Britain, Algerian children in France, African-American, Hmong, and Latino children in the United States are alienated from their own cultures in their schools and learn to feel marginal to the mainstreams of thought and behavior in many of the communities in which they live. This type of cultural imperialism exists throughout the world, not merely in highly industrialized countries. It affects how Basarwa children are taught in Botswana's Kalahari Desert, how m...
7 Pages(1750 words)Case Study

My College Education and Internship Project

As I complete my education at Touro College it indicates that I am taking the first step towards launching into a full-fledged career. It not only signifies the end of my education but also my readiness to begin working and contribute to the world in general. I believe that my internship at Web fact, a technology company, has made me apply the concepts and skills that I have learned during my college education. The application of the theory that I learned in college in my internship helped me put my education in perspective. 

I am in my 5th semester of the Bachelor’s degree in Management and International Business at Touro College, Berlin. I find it exciting to study in English and getting an international pe...
9 Pages(2250 words)Coursework

Children and Young People's Reflections on an Education

The reforms have to be brought from the top side of a nation, whereby the government needs to take bold steps to promote it no matter how hard it is on their budgets. Similarly, child development is a very significant aspect in the times of today. There is immense importance which is given to this subject. (Nespor, 1997) The basis is backed up with sufficient data and research which goes a long in establishing the fact that child development indeed owes a lot of attributes on the part of the people who are related to the child – the parents and/or its guardians. The aspects of love and training at the same time holds true for their balance bringing up the regime and this without a shadow of a doubt is a significant thing to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment

School Social Worker in Special Education

Social workers are required to understand the diversity of families and help individuals and families cope with the implications and impacts of learning disabilities, physical or cognitive problems. Individual treatment may be required in a safe environment and relationship in which to deal with issues. The work of the school social worker in special education is related to a diverse number of areas, in which he/ she is required to fulfill various roles and responsibilities (Turner, 2005).

Approximately one-half of school social workers are found to be practicing with elementary school children. School social workers support and help to prevent future problems by intervening with at-risk children during elementary schoo...
11 Pages(2750 words)Case Study

Mary Wollstonecraft on Education

Understanding that women are just as able as men in many capacities and some very important ways that she excels causes one to realize that no one should be able to take her rights away. It is the mother who gives protection for the initial nine months to the divine creative force of nature – regardless of whether the offspring is male or female. But what is prescribed in various secular and spiritual texts and what is practiced in society currently are contradictory. A female child is victimized during every step of her life, from the moment of birth, notwithstanding the fact that it is she who sacrifices at those stages. Women need to be the social, spiritual and legal equals of men. These were the arguments that Mary Woll...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment

Approach to Education: Comparison of Philosophies of A S Neill & Paul Hirst

He believed that to impose anything by authority is wrong. The child should not do anything until he comes to an opinion – his own opinion- that it should be done. He states clearly his commitment to freedom of a child: ‘we set out to make a school in which we should allow children to be themselves. In order to do this, we had to renounce all discipline, all directions, all suggestions, all moral training, and all religious instruction. The child should never be forced to learn, Attendance at lessons should be voluntary whatever the age of the child. Only learning that is voluntarily undertaken has any value, and children will know themselves when they are ready to learn. (Summerhill , p.37)

Children will on...
9 Pages(2250 words)Report

Juvenile Delinquency and Education: A Comparison of Public and Private Education

...Juvenile Delinquency and Education Introduction and ment of the Problem The question of juvenile misbehaviour and crime was not taken seriously until modern times. It was till the eighteenth century that children were regarded as non persons. They were neither recognized nor received any special treatment from either the state or society. The concept of discipline was at most a violent treatment of reinforcing specific norms acceptable in society. Perhaps a reason for that was that child mortality rates were high. It was not considered feasible to form attachments with children. They were left up to nature and the survival of the fittest approach. However, at the end of the eighteenth century, the age of “The Enlightenment” brought about...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Proposal

Management Theory and Practice in the Early Childhood Education Industry

...Management Theory and Practice in the early childhood education industry This Report applies management theory into practice in the early childhood industry, especially in the context of women leaders. Management issues play a significant role in the academic sector, because early childhood professionals need higher levels of motivation in order to avoid burnout . As pointed out in a study by Osgood and Halsall (2007) where they carried out research to examine the position of women in leadership or management positions, a “glass ceiling” exists for women in the academic setting, which could significantly impair motivation. Since many of the individuals employed in the early education sector are women, addressing this issue is even more...
6 Pages(1500 words)Coursework

Systems and Structures of Compulsory Education in the U.K

...Systems and Structures of Compulsory Education in the U.K. Table of Contents 1: Demonstrate understanding of the tiering of the school system …………………………...…..2 2: Demonstrate understanding of the different types of schools found in Britain ………………..6 3: Demonstrate understanding of the key stages of the National Curriculum ……………………9 Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………………..13 Systems and Structures of Compulsory Education in the U.K. Learning Outcome 1: Demonstrate understanding of the tiering of the school system and its relationship with external statutory bodies and how these organizations influence and impact upon education delivery Introduction The flourishing of British education is not a work of a single entity. Through...
10 Pages(2500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Post-Compulsory Education for FREE!

Contact Us